A-34365, JANUARY 5, 1931, 10 COMP. GEN. 293

A-34365: Jan 5, 1931

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WHICH WERE FORMERLY PRINTED AT THE GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE. IS NOT AUTHORIZED. IN THE REQUEST FOR REVIEW IT IS STATED: THE PURCHASE OF THIS MINIATURE PRINTING PRESS WAS NEEDED FOR THE PURPOSE OF MAKING MINUTE PRINTED LABELS FOR MARKING MOUNTED SPECIMENS OF INSECTS. IT IS USED IN CONNECTION WITH VERY SMALL TYPE FOR THE PRINTING OF LABELS AS PER ATTACHED SPECIMEN. IT IS NECESSARY TO HAVE A VERY SMALL LABEL WITH VERY CLEAR TYPE SO THAT THE INSECT IS NOT OBSCURED AND THAT THE LABEL CAN BE EASILY READ. FROM TIME TO TIME THESE HAVE BEEN PRINTED FOR US IN THE GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE BUT TWO MONTHS IS THE MINIMUM TIME SPECIFIED IN THE DELIVERY OF THIS MATERIAL AND IT FREQUENTLY TAKES MUCH LONGER.

A-34365, JANUARY 5, 1931, 10 COMP. GEN. 293

PRINTING AND BINDING - MINIATURE PRINTING PRESSES IN THE ABSENCE OF OFFICIAL APPROVAL BY THE JOINT COMMITTEE ON PRINTING, PAYMENT FOR A MINIATURE PRINTING PRESS FOR THE PRINTING OF LABELS IN THE FIELD, WHICH WERE FORMERLY PRINTED AT THE GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, IS NOT AUTHORIZED.

DECISION BY COMPTROLLER GENERAL MCCARL, JANUARY 5, 1931:

REVIEW HAS BEEN REQUESTED OF THE ACTION OF THIS OFFICE IN REFUSING TO CERTIFY FOR PAYMENT UPON PREAUDIT A VOUCHER IN FAVOR OF THE PACIFIC STAMP WORKS FOR $28 IN PAYMENT FOR ONE IDEAL PRINTING PRESS NO. 2 FURNISHED AN OFFICE OF THE BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, AT COEUR D- ALENE, IDAHO. IN THE REQUEST FOR REVIEW IT IS STATED:

THE PURCHASE OF THIS MINIATURE PRINTING PRESS WAS NEEDED FOR THE PURPOSE OF MAKING MINUTE PRINTED LABELS FOR MARKING MOUNTED SPECIMENS OF INSECTS. IT IS USED IN CONNECTION WITH VERY SMALL TYPE FOR THE PRINTING OF LABELS AS PER ATTACHED SPECIMEN. IT IS NECESSARY TO HAVE A VERY SMALL LABEL WITH VERY CLEAR TYPE SO THAT THE INSECT IS NOT OBSCURED AND THAT THE LABEL CAN BE EASILY READ. FROM TIME TO TIME THESE HAVE BEEN PRINTED FOR US IN THE GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE BUT TWO MONTHS IS THE MINIMUM TIME SPECIFIED IN THE DELIVERY OF THIS MATERIAL AND IT FREQUENTLY TAKES MUCH LONGER. FAILURE TO PROPERLY LABEL INSECT SPECIMENS FREQUENTLY DELAYS THEIR IDENTIFICATION AND, IN CASE OF MATERIAL HELD AT A PORT OF ENTRY, THIS DELAY IS A SERIOUS MATTER. OF THE THOUSANDS OF NAMES USED, ONLY A FEW LABELS OF EACH NAME ARE PRINTED AND THIS MAKES IT BOTH IMPRACTICAL AND EXPENSIVE TO SECURE SAME FROM THE GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE. OCCASIONALLY THESE LABELS HAVE BEEN PREPARED PHOTOGRAPHICALLY; THIS IS A TYPEWRITTEN SHEET OF LABEL IS REDUCED BY BY PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESSES AND A POSITIVE OF THE LABELS IS STRUCK FROM THIS NEGATIVE. THIS METHOD IS VERY UNSATISFACTORY IN THAT IT DOES NOT ALLOW SUFFICIENT REDUCTION AND STILL PERMIT LEGIBILITY. FURTHERMORE, AFTER A PERIOD OF TIME THE PREPARED LABELS FADE MAKING THE SPECIMEN AND RECORD WORTHLESS.

THIS MINIATURE PRESS CAN NOT IN ANY WAY BE CONSIDERED AS AN ORDINARY COMMERCIAL PRESS BUT SHOULD RATHER BE CONSIDERED IN THE NATURE OF AN APPARATUS USED IN SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATIONS, ETC. THE ONLY USE TO WHICH THIS PRESS IS PUT IS THE PREPARATION OF MINUTE INSECT LABELS AS EXPLAINED ABOVE WHICH IT HAS BEEN FOUND IMPRACTICAL TO HAVE PREPARED ELSEWHERE OR BY OTHER METHODS.

IN VIEW OF THE UNUSUAL CIRCUMSTANCES SURROUNDING THIS CASE AND THE FACT THAT THIS PRESS CAN IN NO WAY BE CONSIDERED AS A FIELD PLANT, AS CONSTRUED BY THE JOINT COMMITTEE ON PRINTING, THE ACCOUNT IS AGAIN SUBMITTED FOR RECONSIDERATION.

THE ACT OF MARCH 1, 1919, 40 STAT. 1270, PROVIDES:

SEC. 11. THAT THE JOINT COMMITTEE ON PRINTING SHALL HAVE POWER TO ADOPT AND EMPLOY SUCH MEASURES AS, IN ITS DISCRETION, MAY BE DEEMED NECESSARY TO REMEDY ANY NEGLECT, DELAY, DUPLICATION, OR WASTE IN THE PUBLIC PRINTING AND BINDING AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS. * * * PROVIDED FURTHER, THAT ON AND AFTER JULY 1, 1919, ALL PRINTING, BINDING, AND BLANK-BOOK WORK FOR CONGRESS, THE EXECUTIVE OFFICE, THE JUDICIARY, AND EVERY EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, INDEPENDENT OFFICE, AND ESTABLISHMENT OF THE GOVERNMENT, SHALL BE DONE AT THE GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, EXCEPT SUCH CLASSES OF WORK AS SHALL BE DEEMED BY THE JOINT COMMITTEE ON PRINTING TO BE URGENT OR NECESSARY TO HAVE DONE ELSEWHERE THAN IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA FOR THE EXCLUSIVE USE OF ANY FIELD SERVICE OUTSIDE OF SAID DISTRICT.

PURSUANT TO THE AUTHORITY CONFERRED UPON IT BY THE FOREGOING STATUTE, THE JOINT COMMITTEE ON PRINTING HAS PROMULGATED REGULATIONS SPECIFYING THE CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH A FIELD PRINTING PLANT MAY OR MAY NOT BE OPERATED BY A GOVERNMENT SERVICE. RULE 57 STATES "NO FIELD PLANTS * * * SHALL BE OPERATED OTHER THAN THOSE ENUMERATED IN TITLE III OF THESE REGULATIONS.' THE ONLY FIELD PLANTS AUTHORIZED FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ARE THOSE LOCATED AT WEATHER BUREAU STATIONS AND THE FOREST SUPPLY DEPOT AT OGDEN, UTAH. NO DISTINCTION HAS BEEN MADE IN THE REGULATIONS BETWEEN LARGE AND SMALL PRINTING PLANTS. UNDER THE CIRCUMSTANCES, IT MUST BE HELD THAT WITHOUT THE OFFICIAL APPROVAL OF THE JOINT COMMITTEE ON PRINTING, PAYMENT UPON THE VOUCHER IS NOT AUTHORIZED.