Defense Management:

DOD's Plans to Consolidate Printing

NSIAD-91-268: Published: Aug 1, 1991. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 1991.


Paul F. Math
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Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Defense's (DOD) plans to consolidate the Army's, Air Force's, and the Defense Logistics Agency's (DLA) printing and duplicating functions into the Navy Publishing and Printing Service (NPPS).

GAO found that: (1) the Navy estimated that NPPS consolidation will save about $41 million for the 338 activities included in its preliminary report; (2) since specific information regarding NPPS study results was not available, savings estimates were largely dependent on a number of cost-reduction and cost-structure assumptions; (3) consolidation implementation decisions will be made after October 1, 1991, when NPPS becomes the central DOD manager for printing and duplicating services; (4) a $20-million increase to the NPPS Capital Purchases Program is anticipated in fiscal year (FY) 1992 for new equipment purchases; (5) the proposed consolidation could affect the amount of printing procured through the Government Printing Office (GPO), since NPPS would make decisions on whether to print work in-house or contract through GPO; and (6) commercially procurable work could be more expensive under the consolidation, since DOD components would be required to send their commercial printing requirements through NPPS to GPO, rather than directly to GPO.

Status Legend:

More Info
  • Review Pending-GAO has not yet assessed implementation status.
  • Open-Actions to satisfy the intent of the recommendation have not been taken or are being planned, or actions that partially satisfy the intent of the recommendation have been taken.
  • Closed-implemented-Actions that satisfy the intent of the recommendation have been taken.
  • Closed-not implemented-While the intent of the recommendation has not been satisfied, time or circumstances have rendered the recommendation invalid.
    • Review Pending
    • Open
    • Closed - implemented
    • Closed - not implemented

    Matter for Congressional Consideration

    Matter: While DOD believes that the consolidation of printing and duplicating functions may result in some savings, it has not demonstrated, at this point, that such savings will be realized. Congress should consider not providing the $20 million in investment funds until answers are provided to the above questions, especially those regarding how the savings will be achieved, which plants will be reduced or eliminated, and what equipment will be purchased under the proposed consolidation.

    Status: Closed - Implemented

    Comments: The Senate version of the 1992 DOD appropriation bill denied funding of the $20,000,000 investment, stating that the Navy should first identify what equipment is available under the consolidation before purchasing additional equipment. The conference report accepted this language and further stated that no appropriated funds should be expended to implement any consolidation of printing services.

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