Key Issues > Realigning and Closing Military Bases
defense icon, source: [West Covina, California] Progressive Management, 2008

Realigning and Closing Military Bases

Reducing unneeded infrastructure has historically been difficult for the Department of Defense (DOD) due to its extensive portfolio of facilities, public concern about the economic effects of closing military bases on communities, the perceived lack of impartiality of its process for making decisions on realignments and closures, and legal requirements.

  1. Share with Facebook 
  2. Share with Twitter 
  3. Share with LinkedIn 
  4. Share with mail 
  • DOD has faced long term challenges in maintaining its extensive portfolio of facilities and reducing unneeded infrastructure. The statutory purpose of base realignments and closures (BRAC) is to provide a fair process that will result in the timely closure and realignment of military installations inside the United States. Over the past 25 years, DOD has relied on five rounds of BRAC to reduce and reshape its domestic base structure.
  • The most recent BRAC round, which DOD implemented between 2005 and late 2011, was the fifth such round undertaken by DOD since 1988 and was the biggest, most complex, and costliest BRAC round ever. During the BRAC 2005 round, DOD implemented hundreds of BRAC actions that affected more than 800 defense locations in the United States.
  • Senior DOD officials have stated that DOD continues to have excess infrastructure and that additional BRAC rounds may be needed to make further reductions and achieve cost savings. In the event that DOD undertakes future rounds, the BRAC process will help DOD to better match its infrastructure to its force structure in supporting military missions and readiness.
Looking for our recommendations? Click on any report to find each associated recommendation and its current implementation status.

Military Bases:

Opportunities Exist to Improve Future Base Realignment and Closure Rounds
GAO-13-149:
Published: Mar 7, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2013.

Military Base Realignments and Closures:

Updated Costs and Savings Estimates from BRAC 2005
GAO-12-709R:
Published: Jun 29, 2012. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 2012.

Military Base Realignments and Closures:

Key Factors Contributing to BRAC 2005 Results
GAO-12-513T:
Published: Mar 8, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 2012.

Excess Facilities:

DOD Needs More Complete Information and a Strategy to Guide Its Future Disposal Efforts
GAO-11-814:
Published: Sep 19, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 2011.

Military Bases:

Analysis of DOD's 2005 Selection Process and Recommendations for Base Closures and Realignments
GAO-05-785:
Published: Jul 1, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 2005.

More Reports

DOD Joint Bases:

Implementation Challenges Demonstrate Need to Reevaluate the Program
GAO-14-577:
Published: Sep 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 2014.

Defense Health Care Reform:

Actions Needed to Help Realize Potential Cost Savings from Medical Education and Training
GAO-14-630:
Published: Jul 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2014.

Budget Issues:

Clear Air Force Station:

Air Force Reviewed Costs and Benefits of Several Options before Deciding to Close the Power Plant
GAO-14-550:
Published: May 12, 2014. Publicly Released: May 12, 2014.

Military Health System:

Sustained Senior Leadership Needed to Fully Develop Plans for Achieving Cost Savings
GAO-14-396T:
Published: Feb 26, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 2014.

Personnel Security Clearances:

Actions Needed to Ensure Quality of Background Investigations and Resulting Decisions
GAO-14-138T:
Published: Feb 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 2014.

Defense Management:

Personnel Security Clearances:

Full Development and Implementation of Metrics Needed to Measure Quality of Process
GAO-14-157T:
Published: Oct 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2013.

Defense Acquisitions:

Where Should Reform Aim Next?
GAO-14-145T:
Published: Oct 29, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 2013.

Military Bases:

DOD Has Processes to Comply with Statutory Requirements for Closing or Realigning Installations
GAO-13-645:
Published: Jun 27, 2013. Publicly Released: Jun 27, 2013.
More...
There are no other materials currently linked to this content
  • portrait of Brian J. Lepore
    • Brian J. Lepore
    • Director, Defense Capabilities and Management
    • LeporeB@gao.gov
    • 202-512-4523