Economic Development and Small Business
Economic development and small business programs, if effective, can contribute to the nations economic growth. However, federal programs are fragmented and many agencies do not track program information or conduct program evaluations. As a result, the governments ability to provide effective services is unclear.
- Federal efforts to support entrepreneurs are fragmentedincluding among 52 programs we reviewed at the Departments of Agriculture (USDA), Commerce, and Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the Small Business Administration (SBA). Without enhanced collaboration and coordination agencies may not be able to make use of limited federal resources in the most effective and efficient manner.
- In addition, agencies generally do not track program information on entrepreneurial assistance activities for many programs. A number of programs have not met their performance goals and most programs lack evaluations. We reported in August 2012 that more than 19 of the 52 programs we reviewed failed to meet their annual performance goals related to entrepreneurial assistance, including USDAs Rural Business Opportunity Grants, Commerces Economic Development/Support for Planning Organizations, HUDs Indian Community Development Block Grants, and SBAs 504 loans to finance commercial real estate.
- Programs could potentially rely on results from program evaluations to determine the reasons why they have not met their goals, as well as to gauge overall effectiveness. However, the agencies lack program evaluations for more than half of the 52 programs we reviewed.
GAO-13-217: Published: Jan 30, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 2013.
GAO-13-95: Published: Jan 14, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 14, 2013.
GAO-12-819: Published: Aug 23, 2012. Publicly Released: Aug 23, 2012.
GAO-11-418: Published: Jun 3, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2011.
GAO-10-353: Published: Mar 30, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 2010.
GAO-17-67: Published: Nov 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 21, 2016.
GAO-16-647: Published: Aug 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 2016.
GAO-16-557: Published: Jun 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 2016.
GAO-16-492: Published: May 26, 2016. Publicly Released: May 26, 2016.
GAO-16-129: Published: Mar 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 21, 2016.
GAO-16-107: Published: Jan 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 27, 2016.
GAO-16-134T: Published: Jan 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 6, 2016.
GAO-16-103: Published: Dec 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 13, 2016.
GAO-16-27: Published: Nov 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2015.
GAO-16-179T: Published: Nov 4, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 4, 2015.