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Income Security: Disability and Unemployment Benefits

Congress should consider passing legislation to prevent individuals from collecting both full Disability Insurance benefits and Unemployment Insurance benefits that cover the same period, which could save $1.9 billion over 10 years in the Social Security Disability Insurance program according to the Congressional Budget Office.

Action:

Congress should consider passing legislation to require the Social Security Administration (SSA) to offset Disability Insurance (DI) benefits for any Unemployment Insurance (UI) benefits received in the same period.

Progress:

As of March 2017, legislation has not been enacted. Several bills, including the Social Security Disability Insurance and Unemployment Benefits Double Dip Elimination Act, were introduced in the 114th Congress that would have prevented concurrent receipt of SSA DI and UI benefits, as GAO suggested in its 2014 annual report. If new legislation is introduced in the 115th Congress and enacted, the change could save $1.9 billion over 10 years in the Social Security Disability Insurance program, according to the Congressional Budget Office.

Implementing Entity:

Congress
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    • Seto Bagdoyan
    • Director, Forensic Audits & Investigative Service
    • bagdoyans@gao.gov
    • (202) 512-6722