Department of Labor, Wage and Hour Division: The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, GAO-09-215R, December 2, 2008
Pursuant to section
801(a)(2)(A) of title 5, United States Code, this is our report on a major rule
promulgated by the Department of Labor (Labor), Wage and Hour Division,
entitled “The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993” (FMLA) (RIN: 1215-AB35). We received the rule on
The final rule amends the regulations implementing the
FMLA, Pub. L. No. 103-3, 107 Stat. 6 (Feb. 5, 1993), the law that provides
eligible employees who work for covered employers the right to take
job-protected, unpaid leave for absences for the following circumstances: the
birth of the employee’s son or daughter; to care for the newborn child;
placement of a son or daughter with the employee for adoption or foster care;
care for a son, daughter, spouse, or parent with a serious health condition; or
the employee’s own serious health condition.
The final rule also addresses new military family leave entitlements
included in amendments to the FMLA enacted as part of the National Defense
Authorization Act for FY 2008, Pub. L. No. 110-181, sect. 585(a), 122 Stat 3, 128 (
Enclosed is our assessment of Labor’s compliance with the procedural steps required by section 801(a)(1)(B)(i) through (iv) of title 5 with respect to the rule. Our review indicates that Labor complied with the applicable requirements.
If you have any questions about this report or wish to contact GAO officials responsible for the evaluation work relating to the subject matter of the rule, please contact Michael R. Volpe, Assistant General Counsel, at (202) 512-8236.
Robert J. Cramer
Associate General Counsel
(i) Cost-benefit analysis
Labor performed a cost-benefit analysis of the final rule. Labor estimates that the revisions to the FMLA regulations will result in a total first year net cost of $327.7 million and annual reoccurring costs of $244.4 million for both workers and employers. For employers, the largest cost is the $257.3 million in recurring costs related to the new military leave provisions. For workers, the largest cost is the $19.8 million in recurring costs associated with the additional fitness-for-duty certifications that may be required if a worker has used intermittent leave and a reasonable safety concern exists. Labor anticipates that substantial but unquantifiable benefits will accrue from the final rule.
(ii) Agency actions relevant to the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. sections 603-605, 607, and 609
Labor certified that the final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities within the meaning of the Act, and, therefore, did not prepare a regulatory flexibility analysis.
(iii) Agency actions relevant to sections 202-205 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 U.S.C. sections 1532-1535
Labor did not include a discussion of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act in the final rule.
(iv) Other relevant information or requirements under acts and executive orders
Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. sections 551 et seq.
The final rule was issued using the notice and comment
procedures found at 5 U.S.C. sect. 553.
Labor published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in the Federal Register on
Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. sections 3501-3520
Labor did not identify new information collections in the final rule subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act.
Statutory authorization for the rule
The final rule is promulgated pursuant to the authority in the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, Pub. L. No. 103-3, 107 Stat. 6 (Feb. 5, 1993), as amended by the National Defense Authorization Act for FY 2008, Pub. L. No. 110-181, sect. 585(a), 122 Stat. 3, 128 (Jan. 28, 2008).
Executive Order No. 12,866
The final rule was reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget and found to be an “economically significant” regulatory action under the Order.
Executive Order No. 13,132 (Federalism)
Labor concluded that the final rule does not have substantial direct effects on the states, on the relationship between the national government and the states, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Labor therefore concluded that the final rule does not have federalism implications.