State-administered programs (21 - 30 of 193 items)
Welfare Reform: HHS Should Exercise Oversight to Help Ensure TANF Work Participation Is Measured Consistently across States
GAO-05-821: Published: Aug 19, 2005. Publicly Released: Aug 29, 2005.
The debate over reauthorization of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant has focused on work requirements and brought attention to the measure of TANF work participation. The measure is used to assess states' performance and determine whether a state is subject to penalty for not meeting TANF work requirements. The 2003 work participation rates ranged from 9 to 88 percent...
Child Care: Additional Information Is Needed on Working Families Receiving Subsidies
GAO-05-667: Published: Jun 29, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2005.
Since the Congress enacted welfare reform legislation in 1996, child care assistance has served as a key support for work efforts among low-income families. Researchers have found that reliable, high-quality child care is critical to sustaining parents' ability to work, while safeguarding their children's health and intellectual development. States have flexibility in determining which low-income...
Unemployment Insurance: Information on Benefit Receipt
GAO-05-291: Published: Mar 17, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2005.
The Unemployment Insurance (UI) program, administered by the U.S. Department of Labor in partnership with states, plays a critical role in ensuring the financial security of America's workforce. Established in 1935, UI serves two primary objectives: (1) to temporarily replace a portion of earnings for workers who become unemployed through no fault of their own and (2) to help stabilize the economy...
Child and Family Services Reviews: Better Use of Data and Improved Guidance Could Enhance HHS's Oversight of State Performance
GAO-04-333: Published: Apr 20, 2004. Publicly Released: Apr 20, 2004.
In 2001, the Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Administration for Children and Families (ACF) implemented the Child and Family Services Reviews (CFSR) to increase states' accountability. The CFSR uses states' data profiles and statewide assessments, as well as interviews and an on-site case review, to measure state performance on 14 outcomes and systemic factors, including child well-...
Child Support Enforcement: Better Data and More Information on Undistributed Collections Are Needed
GAO-04-377: Published: Mar 19, 2004. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2004.
Congress established the child support enforcement program in 1975 to ensure that parents financially supported their children. State agencies administer the program and the Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) in the Department of Health and Human Services oversees it. In 2002, state agencies collected over $20 billion in child support, but $657 million in collections from 2002 and previous...
Food Stamp Program: Steps Have Been Taken to Increase Participation of Working Families, but Better Tracking of Efforts Is Needed
GAO-04-346: Published: Mar 5, 2004. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 2004.
Eligible working families are believed to participate in the Food Stamp Program at a lower rate than the eligible population as a whole. As a result, many federal, state, and local officials believe the program is not living up to its potential as a component of the nation's work support system. This report examines: (1) what proportion of eligible working families participate in the program and w...
Welfare Reform: Information on TANF Balances
GAO-03-1094: Published: Sep 8, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2003.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 made sweeping changes to the nation's key welfare program for needy families. It established the $16.5 billion Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant, which provides to the states federal funds to support low-income families and help these families reduce their dependence on welfare. TANF provides state...
Child Care: States Exercise Flexibility in Setting Reimbursement Rates and Providing Access for Low-Income Children
GAO-02-894: Published: Sep 18, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 18, 2002.
Federal welfare legislation passed in 1996 placed a greater emphasis on helping low-income families end dependence on government benefits by promoting job preparation and work. To reach this goal, the legislation gave states greater flexibility to design programs that use federal funds to subsidize child care for low-income families. Under the Child Care and Development Fund, this flexibility incl...
Welfare Reform: With TANF Flexibility, States Vary in How They Implement Work Requirements and Time Limits
GAO-02-770: Published: Jul 5, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 5, 2002.
Congress created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant to replace the previous welfare program and help welfare recipients transition into employment. To this end, states are required to enforce work requirements, and face financial penalties if a minimum percentage of adults receiving cash assistance do not participate in work or work-related activities each year. This fe...
Child Support Enforcement: Most States Collect Drivers' SSNs and Use Them to Enforce Child Support
GAO-02-239: Published: Feb 15, 2002. Publicly Released: Mar 18, 2002.
Congress established a national child support enforcement (CSE) program in 1965 to ensure that noncustodial parents financially support their children. In fiscal year 2000, the Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) estimated that $84 billion in past-due child support was owed, but never collected. The Social Security Act contains provisions to help child support agencies collect support when...