Disadvantaged persons (21 - 30 of 69 items)
Food Stamp Program: Steps Have Been Taken to Increase Participation of Working Families, but Better Tracking of Efforts Is Needed
GAO-04-346: Published: Mar 5, 2004. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 2004.
Eligible working families are believed to participate in the Food Stamp Program at a lower rate than the eligible population as a whole. As a result, many federal, state, and local officials believe the program is not living up to its potential as a component of the nation's work support system. This report examines: (1) what proportion of eligible working families participate in the program and w...
Welfare Reform: Information on TANF Balances
GAO-03-1094: Published: Sep 8, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2003.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 made sweeping changes to the nation's key welfare program for needy families. It established the $16.5 billion Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant, which provides to the states federal funds to support low-income families and help these families reduce their dependence on welfare. TANF provides state...
Child Care: States Exercise Flexibility in Setting Reimbursement Rates and Providing Access for Low-Income Children
GAO-02-894: Published: Sep 18, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 18, 2002.
Federal welfare legislation passed in 1996 placed a greater emphasis on helping low-income families end dependence on government benefits by promoting job preparation and work. To reach this goal, the legislation gave states greater flexibility to design programs that use federal funds to subsidize child care for low-income families. Under the Child Care and Development Fund, this flexibility incl...
Welfare Reform: Moving Hard-to-Employ Recipients Into the Workforce
GAO-01-368: Published: Mar 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 2001.
Although some welfare recipients who might seem hard to employ are able to successfully enter the workforce, others have needed considerable time and support to become work-ready. As a result, some states have begun to implement or are considering strategies to help hard-to-employ recipients join the workforce. To be successful in moving hard-to-employ Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF...
Welfare Reform: Progress in Meeting Work-Focused TANF Goals
GAO-01-522T: Published: Mar 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 2001.
This testimony discusses the progress of welfare reform. GAO found that states are transforming the nation's welfare system into a work-based, temporary assistance program for needy families, with a focus on moving people into employment rather than signing them up for cash assistance. States' implementation of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), undertaken in a time of strong economic...
Workforce Investment Act: Implementation Status and the Integration of TANF Services
T-HEHS-00-145: Published: Jun 29, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) and the integration of services at one-stop centers provided under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant, focusing on: (1) the status of states' efforts to implement WIA and the extent to which TANF services are integrated into the new workforce investment system; (2) the challenges state...
National Service Programs: Two AmeriCorps Programs' Funding and Benefits
HEHS-00-33: Published: Feb 15, 2000. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO: (1) reviewed two major AmeriCorps programs--AmeriCorps State/National and AmeriCorps National Civilian Community Corps (NCCC); (2) compared cost data for NCCC with similar data from the Department of Labor's Job Corps Civilian Conservation Centers (CCC) and reasons for any major differences; (3) compared AmeriCorps participant benefits with those afforded...
Foster Care: Effectiveness of Independent Living Services Unknown
HEHS-00-13: Published: Nov 10, 1999. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the independent living program (ILP), focusing on: (1) the extent of services provided under ILPs; and (2) what is known about the effect of these services on youths' ability to live on their own.GAO noted that: (1) states provide a wide range of services to better ensure that foster care youths are prepared to live on their own afte...
Food Stamp Program: How States Are Using Federal Waivers of the Work Requirement
RCED-00-5: Published: Oct 20, 1999. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Food Stamp Program, focusing on: (1) the measures used by the Department of Agriculture (USDA) to assess states' requests for waivers to the work requirement for able-bodied adults without dependents; (2) how states have used the waiver provision; and (3) whether USDA and states considered the availability of employment in adjace...
Medicaid Enrollment: Amid Declines, State Efforts to Ensure Coverage After Welfare Reform Vary
HEHS-99-163: Published: Sep 10, 1999. Publicly Released: Oct 1, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the decline in Medicaid enrollment, focusing on: (1) Medicaid enrollment changes for families and children following welfare reform, as well as associated key federal protections established for Medicaid; and (2) states' welfare-related policies and practices that can influence Medicaid enrollment.GAO noted that: (1) between 1995 and...