state relations (41 - 50 of 340 items)
Child Welfare: Federal Oversight of State IV-B Activities Could Inform Action Needed to Improve Services to Families and Statutory Compliance
GAO-06-787T: Published: May 23, 2006. Publicly Released: May 23, 2006.
For federal fiscal year 2004, state and local child protective services staff determined that an estimated 872,000 children have been victims of abuse or neglect. Title IV-B subparts 1 and 2 authorize a wide array of child welfare services with some restrictions on states' use of funds. This testimony discusses: (1) how states used Title IV-B dollars to serve families under subparts 1 and 2; (2) t...
Unemployment Insurance: Enhancing Program Performance by Focusing on Improper Payments and Reemployment Services
GAO-06-696T: Published: May 4, 2006. Publicly Released: May 4, 2006.
Unemployment Insurance (UI) has been a key component in ensuring the financial security of America's workforce for over 70 years. In fiscal year 2004, UI covered about 129 million wage and salary workers and paid about $41 billion in benefits to nearly 9 million workers who lost their jobs. The Department of Labor (Labor) and states have a shared responsibility to enhance UI program performance by...
Senior Community Service Employment Program: Labor Has Made Progress Implementing Older Americans Act Amendments of 2000, but Challenges Remain
GAO-06-549T: Published: Apr 6, 2006. Publicly Released: Apr 6, 2006.
The aging of the baby boom generation and increased life expectancy pose serious challenges for our nation. Older adults often must re-enter the workforce in order to remain self-sufficient. The Senior Community Service Employment Program (SCSEP) is the only federal program that is specifically designed to assist low-income older adults by providing part-time community service jobs and training to...
Welfare Reform: Better Information Needed to Understand Trends in States' Uses of the TANF Block Grant
GAO-06-414: Published: Mar 3, 2006. Publicly Released: Apr 3, 2006.
Under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant created as part of the 1996 welfare reforms, states have the authority to make key decisions about how to allocate federal and state funds to assist low-income families. States also make key decisions, through their budget processes, about federal and state funds associated with other programs providing assistance for the low-inc...
Electronic Disability Claims Processing: SSA Is Proceeding with Its Accelerated Systems Initiative but Needs to Address Operational Issues
GAO-05-97: Published: Sep 23, 2005. Publicly Released: Oct 24, 2005.
Through an initiative known as AeDib, the Social Security Administration (SSA) is implementing a system in which medical images and other documents that have traditionally been kept in paper folders will be stored in electronic folders, enabling disability offices--including SSA's 144 Office of Hearings and Appeals sites and 54 state disability determination services--to process disability claims...
TANF: State Approaches to Screening for Domestic Violence Could Benefit from HHS Guidance
GAO-05-701: Published: Aug 16, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2005.
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program introduced specific work requirements and benefit time limits. However, the Family Violence Option (FVO) requires states that adopt the FVO to screen TANF clients for domestic violence and grant waivers from program requirements for clients in domestic violence situations. TANF also allows the use of TANF funds for marriage and responsible...
Welfare Reform: HHS Should Exercise Oversight to Help Ensure TANF Work Participation Is Measured Consistently across States
GAO-05-821: Published: Aug 19, 2005. Publicly Released: Aug 29, 2005.
The debate over reauthorization of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant has focused on work requirements and brought attention to the measure of TANF work participation. The measure is used to assess states' performance and determine whether a state is subject to penalty for not meeting TANF work requirements. The 2003 work participation rates ranged from 9 to 88 percent...
Child Care: Additional Information Is Needed on Working Families Receiving Subsidies
GAO-05-667: Published: Jun 29, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2005.
Since the Congress enacted welfare reform legislation in 1996, child care assistance has served as a key support for work efforts among low-income families. Researchers have found that reliable, high-quality child care is critical to sustaining parents' ability to work, while safeguarding their children's health and intellectual development. States have flexibility in determining which low-income...
Child Welfare: Better Data and Evaluations Could Improve Processes and Programs for Adopting Children with Special Needs
GAO-05-292: Published: Jun 13, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 13, 2005.
On September 30, 2002, the most recent date for which Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) data were available, about 126,000 foster children were waiting to be adopted. Estimates suggest that a significant portion of these children had one or more special needs, such as a medical condition or membership in a minority group, that may discourage or delay their adoption. Federal support in...
Indian Child Welfare Act: Existing Information on Implementation Issues Could Be Used to Target Guidance and Assistance to States
GAO-05-290: Published: Apr 4, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 2005.
In the 1960s and 1970s, American Indian children were about six times more likely to be placed in foster care than other children and many were placed in non-American Indian homes or institutions. In 1978, the Congress enacted the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) to protect American Indian families and to give tribes a role in making child welfare decisions for children subject to ICWA. ICWA requir...