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Public assistance programs (1 - 10 of 47 items)
Federal Low-Income Programs: Multiple Programs Target Diverse Populations and Needs
GAO-15-516: Published: Jul 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2015.
More than 80 federal programs (including 6 tax expenditures) provide aid to people with low incomes, based on GAO's survey of relevant federal agencies. Medicaid (the largest by far), the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Supplemental Security Income (SSI), and the refundable portion of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) comprised almost two-thirds of fiscal year 2013 federal obli...
Supplemental Security Income: Preliminary Observations on Children with Mental Impairments
GAO-12-196T: Published: Oct 27, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 27, 2011.
The Social Security Administration's (SSA) Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program provides cash benefits to eligible low-income disabled individuals, including children, as well as certain others. Children may generally qualify for SSI benefits if they meet certain financial requirements and are deemed to have a qualifying medically determinable physical or mental impairment of a specified dur...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Implications of Caseload and Program Changes for Families and Program Monitoring
GAO-10-815T: Published: Sep 21, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2010.
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, created in 1996, is one of the key federal funding streams provided to states to assist women and children in poverty. A critical aspect of TANF has been its focus on employment and self-sufficiency, and the primary means to measure state efforts in this area has been TANF's work participation rate requirements. Legislative changes in 200...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Fewer Eligible Families Have Received Cash Assistance Since the 1990s, and the Recession's Impact on Caseloads Varies by State
GAO-10-164: Published: Feb 23, 2010. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 2010.
Following sweeping changes made to federal welfare policy in 1996 with the creation of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, the number of needy families who received cash assistance fell by more than half to 1.7 million in 2008. Poverty among children also fell from about 21 percent in 1995 to about 16 percent in 2000, rising again to 19 percent in 2008. The current recessio...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Implications of Changes in Participation Rates
GAO-10-495T: Published: Mar 11, 2010. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 2010.
This testimony is based on our report entitled "Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Fewer Eligible Families Have Received Cash Assistance Since the 1990s, and the Recession's Impact on Caseloads Varies by State." As a result of sweeping changes made to federal welfare policy in 1996 with the creation of TANF, welfare changed from a program entitling eligible families to monthly cash payments...
Welfare Reform: Implementation of Fugitive Felon Provisions Should Be Strengthened
GAO-02-716: Published: Sep 25, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 25, 2002.
In response to concerns that individuals wanted in connection with a felony or violating terms of their parole or probation could receive benefits from programs for the needy, Congress added provisions to the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 that prohibit these individuals from receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Food Stamp benefits, and Temporary A...
Welfare Reform: Outcomes for TANF Recipients with Impairments
GAO-02-884: Published: Jul 8, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 2002.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grants to states, which emphasizes work and responsibility over dependence on government benefits. GAO found that impairments are common among TANF recipients and their children, with 44 percent of TANF recipients reporting that they or their children had imp...
Means-Tested Programs: Determining Financial Eligibility Is Cumbersome and Can Be Simplified
GAO-02-58: Published: Nov 2, 2001. Publicly Released: Dec 3, 2001.
About 80 means-tested federal programs assisted low-income people in 1998. GAO reviewed 11 programs that assisted families and individuals with income, food, medical assistance, and housing. Despite substantial overlap in the populations they serve, the 11 programs varied significantly in their financial eligibility rules. At the most basic level, the dollar levels of the income limits--the maximu...
Welfare Reform: State Sanction Policies and Number of Families Affected
HEHS-00-44: Published: Mar 31, 2000. Publicly Released: Apr 7, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on state sanctions for families under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program who do not comply with the program's requirements, focusing on: (1) state sanction policies under TANF; (2) state procedures to reconcile noncompliance before imposing sanctions and state policies on families' right to appeal sanctions; (3)...
Welfare Reform: Public Assistance Benefits Provided to Recently Naturalized Citizens
HEHS-99-102: Published: Jun 23, 1999. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the: (1) number of recently naturalized citizens receiving benefits from four major public assistance programs (Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Medicaid, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), and Food Stamps) compared with that of the native-born population in 1997; and (2) estimated annual cost to the federal and state...