Welfare recipients (1 - 10 of 61 items)
Welfare Reform: HHS Should Exercise Oversight to Help Ensure TANF Work Participation Is Measured Consistently across States
GAO-05-821: Published: Aug 19, 2005. Publicly Released: Aug 29, 2005.
The debate over reauthorization of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant has focused on work requirements and brought attention to the measure of TANF work participation. The measure is used to assess states' performance and determine whether a state is subject to penalty for not meeting TANF work requirements. The 2003 work participation rates ranged from 9 to 88 percent...
TANF And Child Care Programs: HHS Lacks Adequate Information to Assess Risk and Assist States in Managing Improper Payments
GAO-04-723: Published: Jun 18, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 2004.
Minimizing improper payments is important given the dollar magnitude of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) programs--about $34 billion in federal and state funds expended annually. These block grants support millions of low-income families with cash assistance, child care, and other services aimed at reducing their dependence on the govern...
Welfare Reform: Information on Changing Labor Market and State Fiscal Conditions
GAO-03-977: Published: Jul 15, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 2003.
With the enactment of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA), the Congress made sweeping changes to federal policy for needy families. PRWORA ended the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program and created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant to states. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) oversees th...
Child Care: States Have Undertaken A Variety of Quality Improvement Initiatives, but More Evaluations of Effectiveness Are Needed
GAO-02-897: Published: Sep 6, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 2002.
The demand for child care has increased dramatically in the past several decades as the number of mothers who work outside the home has grown. Welfare reform has further increased this demand. To support low-income parents moving into the workforce, welfare reform established the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF). In fiscal year 2000, states spent $5.3 billion in CCDF funds to subsidize child...
Welfare Reform: With TANF Flexibility, States Vary in How They Implement Work Requirements and Time Limits
GAO-02-770: Published: Jul 5, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 5, 2002.
Congress created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant to replace the previous welfare program and help welfare recipients transition into employment. To this end, states are required to enforce work requirements, and face financial penalties if a minimum percentage of adults receiving cash assistance do not participate in work or work-related activities each year. This fe...
Medicaid: Transitional Coverage Can Help Families Move From Welfare to Work
GAO-02-679T: Published: Apr 23, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 23, 2002.
Welfare reform significantly changed federal policy for low-income families with children and established a five-year lifetime limit on cash assistance. Welfare reform also extended transitional Medicaid assistance through 2001. States have implemented various initiatives to help families move from cash assistance to the workforce, including some enhancements to transitional Medicaid. These initia...
Food Stamp Program: States' Use of Options and Waivers to Improve Program Administration and Promote Access
GAO-02-409: Published: Feb 19, 2002. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2002.
To help states administer their Food Stamp Programs, the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) offers options and waivers to their program rules and regulations. Almost all states used options or waivers in their food stamp eligibility determination process. More than half of the states chose to make households receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) services automatically eligible for...
Welfare Reform: Moving Hard-to-Employ Recipients Into the Workforce
GAO-01-368: Published: Mar 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 2001.
Although some welfare recipients who might seem hard to employ are able to successfully enter the workforce, others have needed considerable time and support to become work-ready. As a result, some states have begun to implement or are considering strategies to help hard-to-employ recipients join the workforce. To be successful in moving hard-to-employ Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF...
Welfare Reform: Data Available to Assess TANF's Progress
GAO-01-298: Published: Feb 28, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 2001.
GAO commented on the federal government's ability to assess the goals of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program using national, state, and local data. These data address the goals to differing degrees. National data, which includes data collected in national surveys and information that all states report to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), include extensive i...
Welfare Reform: Progress in Meeting Work-Focused TANF Goals
GAO-01-522T: Published: Mar 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 2001.
This testimony discusses the progress of welfare reform. GAO found that states are transforming the nation's welfare system into a work-based, temporary assistance program for needy families, with a focus on moving people into employment rather than signing them up for cash assistance. States' implementation of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), undertaken in a time of strong economic...