State-administered programs (61 - 70 of 394 items)
Welfare Reform: With TANF Flexibility, States Vary in How They Implement Work Requirements and Time Limits
GAO-02-770: Published: Jul 5, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 5, 2002.
Congress created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant to replace the previous welfare program and help welfare recipients transition into employment. To this end, states are required to enforce work requirements, and face financial penalties if a minimum percentage of adults receiving cash assistance do not participate in work or work-related activities each year. This fe...
Foster Care: Recent Legislation Helps States Focus on Finding Permanent Homes for Children, but Long-Standing Barriers Remain
GAO-02-585: Published: Jun 28, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2002.
In response to concerns about the length of time children were spending in foster care, Congress enacted the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 (ASFA). The act contained two key provisions intended to help states more quickly move the more than 800,000 children estimated to be in foster care each year to safe and permanent homes. One of these provisions, referred to as "fast track," allows sta...
Medicaid: Transitional Coverage Can Help Families Move From Welfare to Work
GAO-02-679T: Published: Apr 23, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 23, 2002.
Welfare reform significantly changed federal policy for low-income families with children and established a five-year lifetime limit on cash assistance. Welfare reform also extended transitional Medicaid assistance through 2001. States have implemented various initiatives to help families move from cash assistance to the workforce, including some enhancements to transitional Medicaid. These initia...
Child Support Enforcement: Most States Collect Drivers' SSNs and Use Them to Enforce Child Support
GAO-02-239: Published: Feb 15, 2002. Publicly Released: Mar 18, 2002.
Congress established a national child support enforcement (CSE) program in 1965 to ensure that noncustodial parents financially support their children. In fiscal year 2000, the Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) estimated that $84 billion in past-due child support was owed, but never collected. The Social Security Act contains provisions to help child support agencies collect support when...
Workforce Investment Act: Coordination Between TANF Programs and One-Stop Centers Is Increasing, but Challenges Remain
GAO-02-500T: Published: Mar 12, 2002. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2002.
The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) brought most federally funded employment and training services into a single, one-stop center system. Coordination between Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs and one-stop centers has increased since the act was implemented in 2000. Nearly all states reported some coordination at either the state or the local level. Most often, coordination to...
Food Stamp Program: States' Use of Options and Waivers to Improve Program Administration and Promote Access
GAO-02-409: Published: Feb 19, 2002. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2002.
To help states administer their Food Stamp Programs, the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) offers options and waivers to their program rules and regulations. Almost all states used options or waivers in their food stamp eligibility determination process. More than half of the states chose to make households receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) services automatically eligible for...
Welfare Reform: Challenges in Maintaining a Federal-State Fiscal Partnership
GAO-01-828: Published: Aug 10, 2001. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 2001.
The reauthorization of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant represents an opportunity to re-examine the fiscal balance between the federal government and the states in providing services to needy families. Since the enactment of federal welfare reform, there has been much discussion of the fiscal implications of these sweeping changes in national welfare policy. A particu...
Food Stamp Program: Program Integrity and Participation Challenges
GAO-01-881T: Published: Jun 27, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 27, 2001.
The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) and the states have taken steps to reduce fraud, waste, and abuse in the Food Stamp Program. GAO's past work has found that FNS and the states need to make better use of electronic data to track individuals and storeowners who may be trafficking in food stamps. GAO also found that financial sanctions and enhanced funding have been at least partially successful...
Welfare Reform: Challenges in Saving for a Rainy Day
GAO-01-674T: Published: Apr 26, 2001. Publicly Released: Apr 26, 2001.
This testimony discusses states' plans for operating their Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs in the event of an economic downturn. GAO found that the data available on the levels and adequacy of states' reserves is insufficient and misleading. Furthermore, most states have done little planning for economic contingencies. Many states cite obstacles to saving money for possible...
Welfare Reform: Moving Hard-to-Employ Recipients Into the Workforce
GAO-01-368: Published: Mar 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 2001.
Although some welfare recipients who might seem hard to employ are able to successfully enter the workforce, others have needed considerable time and support to become work-ready. As a result, some states have begun to implement or are considering strategies to help hard-to-employ recipients join the workforce. To be successful in moving hard-to-employ Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF...