Welfare recipients (11 - 20 of 86 items)
Workforce Investment Act: States and Localities Increasingly Coordinate Services for TANF Clients, but Better Information Needed on Effective Approaches
GAO-02-696: Published: Jul 3, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 3, 2002.
The 1998 Workforce Investment Act (WIA) required states to provide most federally funded employment-related services through one-stop centers. Two years earlier, welfare reform legislation created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant which provided flexibility to states to focus on helping needy adults with children find and maintain employment. Nearly all states reported...
Workforce Investment Act: Coordination of TANF Services Through One-Stops Has Increased Despite Challenges
GAO-02-739T: Published: May 16, 2002. Publicly Released: May 16, 2002.
A central focus of welfare reform has been to help needy adults with children find and keep jobs. The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) unifies a fragmented employment and training system. Despite its similar fundamental focus, the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program was not required to participate in the one-stop system, although many states are coordinating their TANF ser...
Welfare Reform: Tribes Are Using TANF Flexibility To Establish Their Own Programs
GAO-02-695T: Published: May 10, 2002. Publicly Released: May 10, 2002.
Under welfare reform, American Indian tribes have the option to run Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs either alone or as part of a consortium of other tribes rather than receiving benefits and services from state TANF programs. Because of the difficult economic circumstances on many reservations, the law also gives tribal TANF programs more flexibility to design their program...
Medicaid: Transitional Coverage Can Help Families Move From Welfare to Work
GAO-02-679T: Published: Apr 23, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 23, 2002.
Welfare reform significantly changed federal policy for low-income families with children and established a five-year lifetime limit on cash assistance. Welfare reform also extended transitional Medicaid assistance through 2001. States have implemented various initiatives to help families move from cash assistance to the workforce, including some enhancements to transitional Medicaid. These initia...
Welfare Reform: GAO's Recent and Ongoing Work on DOT's Access to Jobs Program
GAO-01-996R: Published: Aug 17, 2001. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 2001.
Without adequate transportation, welfare recipients face significant barriers in moving from welfare to work. Three-fourths of welfare recipients live in central cities or rural areas, while two-thirds of the new jobs are in the suburbs. For many of these new jobs, access to public transportation facilities, such as buses or subways, is limited or nonexistent. To address this issue, the Department...
Welfare Reform: Moving Hard-to-Employ Recipients Into the Workforce
GAO-01-368: Published: Mar 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 2001.
Although some welfare recipients who might seem hard to employ are able to successfully enter the workforce, others have needed considerable time and support to become work-ready. As a result, some states have begun to implement or are considering strategies to help hard-to-employ recipients join the workforce. To be successful in moving hard-to-employ Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF...
Welfare Reform: Data Available to Assess TANF's Progress
GAO-01-298: Published: Feb 28, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 2001.
GAO commented on the federal government's ability to assess the goals of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program using national, state, and local data. These data address the goals to differing degrees. National data, which includes data collected in national surveys and information that all states report to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), include extensive i...
Welfare Reform: Progress in Meeting Work-Focused TANF Goals
GAO-01-522T: Published: Mar 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 2001.
This testimony discusses the progress of welfare reform. GAO found that states are transforming the nation's welfare system into a work-based, temporary assistance program for needy families, with a focus on moving people into employment rather than signing them up for cash assistance. States' implementation of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), undertaken in a time of strong economic...
Welfare Reform: DOT Is Making Progress in Implementing the Job Access Program
GAO-01-133: Published: Dec 4, 2000. Publicly Released: Dec 4, 2000.
Welfare recipients who plan to move into the workforce face significant barriers. Three-fourths of welfare recipients live in central cities or rural areas, while two-thirds of new jobs are in the suburbs. Public transportation offers little or no access to many of these jobs. The Job Access and Reverse Commute program authorizes the Department of Transportation (DOT) to provide grants to local ag...
Welfare Reform: Work-Site-Based Activities Can Play an Important Role in TANF Programs
HEHS-00-122: Published: Jul 28, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) work-site programs, focusing on: (1) the key characteristics of work-site activities states and localities are using in their TANF programs; (2) the key challenges to implementing and administering work-site activities and some of the ways that states and localities have addressed these challenges; and...