Program evaluation (21 - 30 of 75 items)
Child Welfare: Better Data and Evaluations Could Improve Processes and Programs for Adopting Children with Special Needs
GAO-05-292: Published: Jun 13, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 13, 2005.
On September 30, 2002, the most recent date for which Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) data were available, about 126,000 foster children were waiting to be adopted. Estimates suggest that a significant portion of these children had one or more special needs, such as a medical condition or membership in a minority group, that may discourage or delay their adoption. Federal support in...
Indian Child Welfare Act: Existing Information on Implementation Issues Could Be Used to Target Guidance and Assistance to States
GAO-05-290: Published: Apr 4, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 2005.
In the 1960s and 1970s, American Indian children were about six times more likely to be placed in foster care than other children and many were placed in non-American Indian homes or institutions. In 1978, the Congress enacted the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) to protect American Indian families and to give tribes a role in making child welfare decisions for children subject to ICWA. ICWA requir...
Food Stamp Employment and Training Program: Better Data Needed to Understand Who Is Served and What the Program Achieves
GAO-03-388: Published: Mar 12, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2003.
Since the late 1990s, many funding changes have been made to the Food Stamp E&T Program. In 1997, legislation required states to spend 80 percent of their funds on participants who lose their food stamp benefits if they do not meet work requirements within a limited time frame. The legislation also increased funds by $131 million to help states serve these participants. But spending rates for the...
Welfare Reform: Job Access Program Improves Local Service Coordination, but Evaluation Should Be Completed
GAO-03-204: Published: Dec 6, 2002. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 2002.
Pursuant to Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), GAO periodically reports on the implementation of the Job Access and Reverse Commute (Job Access) program. The program is designed to assist low-income people in accessing employment opportunities. This report examines the Department of Transportation's (DOT) efforts to evaluate the program and report the results to the Congress...
Welfare Reform: Outcomes for TANF Recipients with Impairments
GAO-02-884: Published: Jul 8, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 2002.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grants to states, which emphasizes work and responsibility over dependence on government benefits. GAO found that impairments are common among TANF recipients and their children, with 44 percent of TANF recipients reporting that they or their children had imp...
Workforce Investment Act: States and Localities Increasingly Coordinate Services for TANF Clients, but Better Information Needed on Effective Approaches
GAO-02-696: Published: Jul 3, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 3, 2002.
The 1998 Workforce Investment Act (WIA) required states to provide most federally funded employment-related services through one-stop centers. Two years earlier, welfare reform legislation created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant which provided flexibility to states to focus on helping needy adults with children find and maintain employment. Nearly all states reported...
Workforce Investment Act: Coordination of TANF Services Through One-Stops Has Increased Despite Challenges
GAO-02-739T: Published: May 16, 2002. Publicly Released: May 16, 2002.
A central focus of welfare reform has been to help needy adults with children find and keep jobs. The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) unifies a fragmented employment and training system. Despite its similar fundamental focus, the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program was not required to participate in the one-stop system, although many states are coordinating their TANF ser...
Welfare Reform: Tribes Are Using TANF Flexibility To Establish Their Own Programs
GAO-02-695T: Published: May 10, 2002. Publicly Released: May 10, 2002.
Under welfare reform, American Indian tribes have the option to run Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs either alone or as part of a consortium of other tribes rather than receiving benefits and services from state TANF programs. Because of the difficult economic circumstances on many reservations, the law also gives tribal TANF programs more flexibility to design their program...
Welfare Reform: DOT Has Made Progress in Implementing the Job Access Program but Has Not Evaluated the Impact
GAO-02-640T: Published: Apr 17, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 17, 2002.
The Department of Transportation's (DOT) Job Access and Reverse Commute (Job Access) Program, has presented implementation challenges for the Federal Transit Administration (FTA). In November 1999, DOT's process for selecting Job Access grantees was inconsistent and the basis for some selections was unclear. In response, DOT took steps to improve its process for selecting grantees by developing a...
Workforce Investment Act: Coordination Between TANF Programs and One-Stop Centers Is Increasing, but Challenges Remain
GAO-02-500T: Published: Mar 12, 2002. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2002.
The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) brought most federally funded employment and training services into a single, one-stop center system. Coordination between Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs and one-stop centers has increased since the act was implemented in 2000. Nearly all states reported some coordination at either the state or the local level. Most often, coordination to...