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Employment assistance programs (1 - 10 of 46 items)
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Action Is Needed to Better Promote Employment-Focused Approaches
GAO-15-31: Published: Nov 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 19, 2014.
The 10 state and local programs GAO examined used various promising approaches to help Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) cash assistance recipients gain employment by meeting a range of participant needs. These approaches included the use of subsidized employment, employment alongside treatment for a health condition, and training for high-demand jobs. For example, for individuals in...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Update on Families Served and Work Participation
GAO-11-880T: Published: Sep 8, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2011.
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, created in 1996, is one of the key federal funding streams provided to states to assist low-income families. A critical aspect of TANF has been its focus on employment and self-sufficiency, and the primary means to measure state efforts in this area has been TANF's work participation requirements. When the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (D...
Human Services Programs: Opportunities to Reduce Inefficiencies
GAO-11-531T: Published: Apr 5, 2011. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 2011.
The federal government, often in concert with states, provides assistance to millions of individuals and families each year through a multiplicity of programs. These programs play a key role in supporting workers who have lost their jobs, families with low-incomes, and vulnerable children who have experienced abuse and neglect. However, given the fiscal pressures facing the federal government and...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Implications of Caseload and Program Changes for Families and Program Monitoring
GAO-10-815T: Published: Sep 21, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2010.
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, created in 1996, is one of the key federal funding streams provided to states to assist women and children in poverty. A critical aspect of TANF has been its focus on employment and self-sufficiency, and the primary means to measure state efforts in this area has been TANF's work participation rate requirements. Legislative changes in 200...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Implications of Recent Legislative and Economic Changes for State Programs and Work Participation Rates
GAO-10-525: Published: May 28, 2010. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2010.
The Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (DRA) reauthorized the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant and made modifications expected to strengthen work requirements for families receiving cash assistance through state TANF programs. Both the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and states were required to take steps to implement these changes. Work participation rates,...
Support for Low-Income Individuals and Families: A Review of Recent GAO Work
GAO-10-342R: Published: Feb 22, 2010. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2010.
With poverty rates and unemployment on the rise, the federal system of income, employment, and family supports has become increasingly important to a growing number of Americans. Due to their higher rates of poverty, certain minority groups are more likely than their nonminority counterparts to be represented in these programs and ancillary programs that serve low-income workers and families. The...
Welfare Reform: More Information Needed to Assess Promising Strategies to Increase Parents' Incomes
GAO-06-108: Published: Dec 2, 2005. Publicly Released: Jan 3, 2006.
Following major welfare reform in 1996, the number of families receiving cash assistance was cut in half to 2 million. While many former recipients now rely more on their earnings, they often work at low-wage jobs with limited benefits and advancement opportunities. To better understand how to help these individuals and their families attain economic self-sufficiency, GAO is reporting on (1) strat...
Welfare Reform: Rural TANF Programs Have Developed Many Strategies to Address Rural Challenges
GAO-04-921: Published: Sep 10, 2004. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 2004.
About 49 million people, or 17 percent of the country's total population, live in rural communities, and 18 states have at least a third of their population in rural areas. Rural areas often have less favorable employment conditions than urban areas and have fewer public transportation options to help people get to and from work. Given these conditions and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Famili...
Supports For Low-Income Families: States Serve a Broad Range of Families through a Complex and Changing System
GAO-04-256: Published: Jan 26, 2004. Publicly Released: Jan 26, 2004.
Over the last decade, the Congress has made significant changes in numerous federal programs that support low-income families, including changes that have shifted program emphases from providing cash assistance to providing services that promote employment and economic independence. As a result of some of the federal policy changes, the support system is more decentralized than before. This height...
Food Stamp Employment and Training Program: Better Data Needed to Understand Who Is Served and What the Program Achieves
GAO-03-388: Published: Mar 12, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2003.
Since the late 1990s, many funding changes have been made to the Food Stamp E&T Program. In 1997, legislation required states to spend 80 percent of their funds on participants who lose their food stamp benefits if they do not meet work requirements within a limited time frame. The legislation also increased funds by $131 million to help states serve these participants. But spending rates for the...