Public assistance programs (51 - 60 of 313 items)
Welfare Reform: Tribes Are Using TANF Flexibility To Establish Their Own Programs
GAO-02-695T: Published: May 10, 2002. Publicly Released: May 10, 2002.
Under welfare reform, American Indian tribes have the option to run Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs either alone or as part of a consortium of other tribes rather than receiving benefits and services from state TANF programs. Because of the difficult economic circumstances on many reservations, the law also gives tribal TANF programs more flexibility to design their program...
Medicaid: Transitional Coverage Can Help Families Move From Welfare to Work
GAO-02-679T: Published: Apr 23, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 23, 2002.
Welfare reform significantly changed federal policy for low-income families with children and established a five-year lifetime limit on cash assistance. Welfare reform also extended transitional Medicaid assistance through 2001. States have implemented various initiatives to help families move from cash assistance to the workforce, including some enhancements to transitional Medicaid. These initia...
Welfare Reform: DOT Has Made Progress in Implementing the Job Access Program but Has Not Evaluated the Impact
GAO-02-640T: Published: Apr 17, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 17, 2002.
The Department of Transportation's (DOT) Job Access and Reverse Commute (Job Access) Program, has presented implementation challenges for the Federal Transit Administration (FTA). In November 1999, DOT's process for selecting Job Access grantees was inconsistent and the basis for some selections was unclear. In response, DOT took steps to improve its process for selecting grantees by developing a...
Welfare Reform: States Provide TANF-Funded Services to Many Low-Income Families Who Do Not Receive Cash Assistance
GAO-02-564: Published: Apr 5, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 2002.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 ended the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program and created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant to states. TANF emphasizes work and responsibility over dependence on government benefits. It also requires states to maintain a historical level of spending on welfare-related programs. The...
Workforce Investment Act: Coordination Between TANF Programs and One-Stop Centers Is Increasing, but Challenges Remain
GAO-02-500T: Published: Mar 12, 2002. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2002.
The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) brought most federally funded employment and training services into a single, one-stop center system. Coordination between Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs and one-stop centers has increased since the act was implemented in 2000. Nearly all states reported some coordination at either the state or the local level. Most often, coordination to...
Means-Tested Programs: Determining Financial Eligibility Is Cumbersome and Can Be Simplified
GAO-02-58: Published: Nov 2, 2001. Publicly Released: Dec 3, 2001.
About 80 means-tested federal programs assisted low-income people in 1998. GAO reviewed 11 programs that assisted families and individuals with income, food, medical assistance, and housing. Despite substantial overlap in the populations they serve, the 11 programs varied significantly in their financial eligibility rules. At the most basic level, the dollar levels of the income limits--the maximu...
Public Assistance: PARIS Project Can Help States Reduce Improper Benefit Payments
GAO-01-935: Published: Sep 6, 2001. Publicly Released: Oct 10, 2001.
Public assistance programs make millions of dollars in improper payments every year. Some of these improper payments occur because state and local agencies that run the programs lack adequate, timely information to determine recipients' eligibility for assistance. This inability to share information can result in both federal and state tax dollars being needlessly spent on benefits for the same in...
Welfare Reform: GAO's Recent and Ongoing Work on DOT's Access to Jobs Program
GAO-01-996R: Published: Aug 17, 2001. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 2001.
Without adequate transportation, welfare recipients face significant barriers in moving from welfare to work. Three-fourths of welfare recipients live in central cities or rural areas, while two-thirds of the new jobs are in the suburbs. For many of these new jobs, access to public transportation facilities, such as buses or subways, is limited or nonexistent. To address this issue, the Department...
Welfare Reform: Challenges in Maintaining a Federal-State Fiscal Partnership
GAO-01-828: Published: Aug 10, 2001. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 2001.
The reauthorization of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant represents an opportunity to re-examine the fiscal balance between the federal government and the states in providing services to needy families. Since the enactment of federal welfare reform, there has been much discussion of the fiscal implications of these sweeping changes in national welfare policy. A particu...
Welfare Reform: Challenges in Saving for a Rainy Day
GAO-01-674T: Published: Apr 26, 2001. Publicly Released: Apr 26, 2001.
This testimony discusses states' plans for operating their Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs in the event of an economic downturn. GAO found that the data available on the levels and adequacy of states' reserves is insufficient and misleading. Furthermore, most states have done little planning for economic contingencies. Many states cite obstacles to saving money for possible...