Public assistance programs (1 - 10 of 313 items)
Federal Low-Income Programs: Multiple Programs Target Diverse Populations and Needs
GAO-15-516: Published: Jul 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2015.
More than 80 federal programs (including 6 tax expenditures) provide aid to people with low incomes, based on GAO's survey of relevant federal agencies. Medicaid (the largest by far), the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Supplemental Security Income (SSI), and the refundable portion of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) comprised almost two-thirds of fiscal year 2013 federal obli...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: An Overview of Spending, Federal Oversight, and Program Incentives
GAO-15-572T: Published: Apr 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2015.
While the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant serves as the nation's major cash assistance program for low-income families with children, states increasingly use it as a flexible funding stream for supporting a broad range of allowable services. For example, in December 2012 GAO found that nationwide, in fiscal year 1997, states spent about 23 percent of TANF funds on servic...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Action Is Needed to Better Promote Employment-Focused Approaches
GAO-15-31: Published: Nov 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 19, 2014.
The 10 state and local programs GAO examined used various promising approaches to help Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) cash assistance recipients gain employment by meeting a range of participant needs. These approaches included the use of subsidized employment, employment alongside treatment for a health condition, and training for high-demand jobs. For example, for individuals in...
Rental Housing Assistance: HUD Data on Self-Sufficiency Programs Should Be Improved
GAO-13-581: Published: Jul 9, 2013. Publicly Released: Aug 8, 2013.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) funds five key grant programs that encourage resident self-sufficiency. In fiscal year 2011, HUD awarded $113 million to the Housing Choice Voucher Family Self-Sufficiency (FSS), Public Housing FSS, and Resident Opportunity and Self-Sufficiency Service Coordinators (ROSS SC) programs. Public housing agencies (PHA) with HOPE VI grants or designa...
Summary of Proposals to Address Income Eligibility Requirement for Federal Foster Care Reimbursement
GAO-13-323R: Published: Mar 25, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 2013.
Twelve of the 14 proposals we identified would eliminate means testing altogether as a requirement for states to receive federal funding to help pay for the costs associated with supporting children in foster care. Two other proposals would link means testing to a different benchmark. Half of the proposals would mitigate a potential increase in federal costs due to the elimination of means testing...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Workforce Participation Requirement Waivers
GAO-13-423T: Published: Feb 28, 2013. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2013.
Although many states requested and received waivers under the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program, no section 1115 waivers of TANF requirements have been granted by HHS since TANF's creation in 1996. Since 2000, several states have expressed interest in the availability of waivers. For example, in 2001, one state asked HHS about waiving various requirements including the work pa...
Child Welfare: States Use Flexible Federal Funds, But Struggle to Meet Service Needs
GAO-13-170: Published: Jan 30, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 2013.
The four states GAO selected used funds provided under Title IV-B of the Social Security Act for a variety of child welfare services and other activities, and had different strategies for spending these funds. For instance, in fiscal year 2011 Virginia provided funding to all local child welfare agencies to spend on their own priorities, such as parenting classes. New Mexico targeted certain count...
Waivers Related to the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Block Grant
GAO-12-1028R: Published: Sep 19, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 2012.
In response to a Congressional request for information on waivers related to TANF, we addressed the following questions:Since TANF was created in 1996, has HHS granted any TANF waivers or previously indicated it has the authority to waive TANF work requirements?Since the creation of TANF, HHS has not granted any section 1115 waivers related to TANF. Many states received section 1115 waivers under...
Home Energy Assistance for Low-Income Occupants of Manufactured Homes
GAO-12-848R: Published: Aug 24, 2012. Publicly Released: Aug 24, 2012.
In 2005, the most recent year for which complete data were available, occupants of older manufactured homes paid over twice as much on average per square foot for energy---$1.75 per square foot as compared with $0.87---as was paid by occupants of detached homes. Annual energy expenditures for older manufactured homes--about 906 square feet on average--were about $1,369, compared with detached home...
Supplemental Security Income: Preliminary Observations on Children with Mental Impairments
GAO-12-196T: Published: Oct 27, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 27, 2011.
The Social Security Administration's (SSA) Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program provides cash benefits to eligible low-income disabled individuals, including children, as well as certain others. Children may generally qualify for SSI benefits if they meet certain financial requirements and are deemed to have a qualifying medically determinable physical or mental impairment of a specified dur...