Public assistance programs (31 - 40 of 313 items)
Offshoring in Six Human Services Programs: Offshoring Occurs in Most States, Primarily in Customer Service and Software Development
GAO-06-342: Published: Mar 28, 2006. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2006.
As states and the federal government have sought to streamline and improve administrative processes and take advantage of technological advances, both have outsourced certain functions to private firms. In some cases, these firms have used offshore resources to perform these functions. As a result, questions have been raised about the prevalence of offshoring in federal human services programs. In...
Welfare Reform: More Information Needed to Assess Promising Strategies to Increase Parents' Incomes
GAO-06-108: Published: Dec 2, 2005. Publicly Released: Jan 3, 2006.
Following major welfare reform in 1996, the number of families receiving cash assistance was cut in half to 2 million. While many former recipients now rely more on their earnings, they often work at low-wage jobs with limited benefits and advancement opportunities. To better understand how to help these individuals and their families attain economic self-sufficiency, GAO is reporting on (1) strat...
TANF: State Approaches to Screening for Domestic Violence Could Benefit from HHS Guidance
GAO-05-701: Published: Aug 16, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2005.
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program introduced specific work requirements and benefit time limits. However, the Family Violence Option (FVO) requires states that adopt the FVO to screen TANF clients for domestic violence and grant waivers from program requirements for clients in domestic violence situations. TANF also allows the use of TANF funds for marriage and responsible...
Welfare Reform: HHS Should Exercise Oversight to Help Ensure TANF Work Participation Is Measured Consistently across States
GAO-05-821: Published: Aug 19, 2005. Publicly Released: Aug 29, 2005.
The debate over reauthorization of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant has focused on work requirements and brought attention to the measure of TANF work participation. The measure is used to assess states' performance and determine whether a state is subject to penalty for not meeting TANF work requirements. The 2003 work participation rates ranged from 9 to 88 percent...
Child Care: Additional Information Is Needed on Working Families Receiving Subsidies
GAO-05-667: Published: Jun 29, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2005.
Since the Congress enacted welfare reform legislation in 1996, child care assistance has served as a key support for work efforts among low-income families. Researchers have found that reliable, high-quality child care is critical to sustaining parents' ability to work, while safeguarding their children's health and intellectual development. States have flexibility in determining which low-income...
Child Welfare: Better Data and Evaluations Could Improve Processes and Programs for Adopting Children with Special Needs
GAO-05-292: Published: Jun 13, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 13, 2005.
On September 30, 2002, the most recent date for which Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) data were available, about 126,000 foster children were waiting to be adopted. Estimates suggest that a significant portion of these children had one or more special needs, such as a medical condition or membership in a minority group, that may discourage or delay their adoption. Federal support in...
Indian Child Welfare Act: Existing Information on Implementation Issues Could Be Used to Target Guidance and Assistance to States
GAO-05-290: Published: Apr 4, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 2005.
In the 1960s and 1970s, American Indian children were about six times more likely to be placed in foster care than other children and many were placed in non-American Indian homes or institutions. In 1978, the Congress enacted the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) to protect American Indian families and to give tribes a role in making child welfare decisions for children subject to ICWA. ICWA requir...
Welfare Reform: Rural TANF Programs Have Developed Many Strategies to Address Rural Challenges
GAO-04-921: Published: Sep 10, 2004. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 2004.
About 49 million people, or 17 percent of the country's total population, live in rural communities, and 18 states have at least a third of their population in rural areas. Rural areas often have less favorable employment conditions than urban areas and have fewer public transportation options to help people get to and from work. Given these conditions and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Famili...
Supports For Low-Income Families: States Serve a Broad Range of Families through a Complex and Changing System
GAO-04-256: Published: Jan 26, 2004. Publicly Released: Jan 26, 2004.
Over the last decade, the Congress has made significant changes in numerous federal programs that support low-income families, including changes that have shifted program emphases from providing cash assistance to providing services that promote employment and economic independence. As a result of some of the federal policy changes, the support system is more decentralized than before. This height...
Welfare Reform: Information on TANF Balances
GAO-03-1094: Published: Sep 8, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2003.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 made sweeping changes to the nation's key welfare program for needy families. It established the $16.5 billion Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant, which provides to the states federal funds to support low-income families and help these families reduce their dependence on welfare. TANF provides state...