state relations (1 - 10 of 56 items)
Nutrition Assistance: Additional Efficiencies Could Improve Services to Older Adults
GAO-11-782T: Published: Jun 21, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 2011.
This testimony discusses our recent work on food insecurity among older adults and the nutrition assistance programs available to assist them, including nutrition assistance programs authorized under the Older Americans Act of 1965 (OAA). This work can help inform government policymakers as they address the needs of one of our nation's most vulnerable populations while ensuring the efficiency and...
Human Services Programs: Opportunities to Reduce Inefficiencies
GAO-11-531T: Published: Apr 5, 2011. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 2011.
The federal government, often in concert with states, provides assistance to millions of individuals and families each year through a multiplicity of programs. These programs play a key role in supporting workers who have lost their jobs, families with low-incomes, and vulnerable children who have experienced abuse and neglect. However, given the fiscal pressures facing the federal government and...
Child Care and Development Fund: Undercover Tests Show Five State Programs Are Vulnerable to Fraud and Abuse
GAO-10-1062: Published: Sep 22, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2010.
Through the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF), the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) subsidizes child care for low-income families whose parents work or attend education or training programs. In fiscal year 2009, the CCDF budget was $7 billion. States are responsible for determining program priorities and overseeing funds. Providers--who range from child care centers to relat...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Implications of Caseload and Program Changes for Families and Program Monitoring
GAO-10-815T: Published: Sep 21, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2010.
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, created in 1996, is one of the key federal funding streams provided to states to assist women and children in poverty. A critical aspect of TANF has been its focus on employment and self-sufficiency, and the primary means to measure state efforts in this area has been TANF's work participation rate requirements. Legislative changes in 200...
Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program: Greater Fraud Prevention Controls Are Needed
GAO-10-621: Published: Jun 18, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 2010.
Federally funded at about $5 billion a year, the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) provides financial assistance to low-income households for heating and cooling costs. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) awards LIHEAP funds based on low-income populations and other factors. Grantees--states, the District of Columbia, territories, and Indian tribes and tribal organiz...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Implications of Recent Legislative and Economic Changes for State Programs and Work Participation Rates
GAO-10-525: Published: May 28, 2010. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2010.
The Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (DRA) reauthorized the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant and made modifications expected to strengthen work requirements for families receiving cash assistance through state TANF programs. Both the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and states were required to take steps to implement these changes. Work participation rates,...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Fewer Eligible Families Have Received Cash Assistance Since the 1990s, and the Recession's Impact on Caseloads Varies by State
GAO-10-164: Published: Feb 23, 2010. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 2010.
Following sweeping changes made to federal welfare policy in 1996 with the creation of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, the number of needy families who received cash assistance fell by more than half to 1.7 million in 2008. Poverty among children also fell from about 21 percent in 1995 to about 16 percent in 2000, rising again to 19 percent in 2008. The current recessio...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Implications of Changes in Participation Rates
GAO-10-495T: Published: Mar 11, 2010. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 2010.
This testimony is based on our report entitled "Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Fewer Eligible Families Have Received Cash Assistance Since the 1990s, and the Recession's Impact on Caseloads Varies by State." As a result of sweeping changes made to federal welfare policy in 1996 with the creation of TANF, welfare changed from a program entitling eligible families to monthly cash payments...
African American Children in Foster Care: HHS and Congressional Actions Could Help Reduce Proportion in Care
GAO-08-1064T: Published: Jul 31, 2008. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2008.
A significantly greater proportion of African American children are in foster care than children of other races and ethnicities relative to their share of the general population. Given this situation, GAO was asked to analyze the (1) major factors influencing their proportion in foster care, (2) strategies states and localities have implemented that appear promising, and (3) ways in which federal...
Abstinence Education: Assessing the Accuracy and Effectiveness of Federally Funded Programs
GAO-08-664T: Published: Apr 23, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 23, 2008.
Among the efforts of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to reduce the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases and unintended pregnancies, the agency provides funding to states and organizations that offer abstinence-until-marriage education. GAO was asked to testify on the oversight of federally funded abstinence-until-marriage education programs. This testimony is primarily base...