Child care programs (1 - 10 of 29 items)
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: An Overview of Spending, Federal Oversight, and Program Incentives
GAO-15-572T: Published: Apr 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2015.
While the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant serves as the nation's major cash assistance program for low-income families with children, states increasingly use it as a flexible funding stream for supporting a broad range of allowable services. For example, in December 2012 GAO found that nationwide, in fiscal year 1997, states spent about 23 percent of TANF funds on servic...
Human Services Programs: Opportunities to Reduce Inefficiencies
GAO-11-531T: Published: Apr 5, 2011. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 2011.
The federal government, often in concert with states, provides assistance to millions of individuals and families each year through a multiplicity of programs. These programs play a key role in supporting workers who have lost their jobs, families with low-incomes, and vulnerable children who have experienced abuse and neglect. However, given the fiscal pressures facing the federal government and...
Child Support Enforcement: Departures from Long-term Trends in Sources of Collections and Caseloads Reflect Recent Economic Conditions
GAO-11-196: Published: Jan 14, 2011. Publicly Released: Feb 2, 2011.
In fiscal year 2009, the child support enforcement (CSE) program collected about $26 billion in child support payments from noncustodial parents on behalf of more than 17 million children. The CSE program is run by states and overseen by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). States receive federal performance incentive payments and a federal match on both state CSE funds and, except f...
Child Care and Development Fund: Undercover Tests Show Five State Programs Are Vulnerable to Fraud and Abuse
GAO-10-1062: Published: Sep 22, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2010.
Through the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF), the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) subsidizes child care for low-income families whose parents work or attend education or training programs. In fiscal year 2009, the CCDF budget was $7 billion. States are responsible for determining program priorities and overseeing funds. Providers--who range from child care centers to relat...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Implications of Caseload and Program Changes for Families and Program Monitoring
GAO-10-815T: Published: Sep 21, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2010.
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, created in 1996, is one of the key federal funding streams provided to states to assist women and children in poverty. A critical aspect of TANF has been its focus on employment and self-sufficiency, and the primary means to measure state efforts in this area has been TANF's work participation rate requirements. Legislative changes in 200...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Fewer Eligible Families Have Received Cash Assistance Since the 1990s, and the Recession's Impact on Caseloads Varies by State
GAO-10-164: Published: Feb 23, 2010. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 2010.
Following sweeping changes made to federal welfare policy in 1996 with the creation of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, the number of needy families who received cash assistance fell by more than half to 1.7 million in 2008. Poverty among children also fell from about 21 percent in 1995 to about 16 percent in 2000, rising again to 19 percent in 2008. The current recessio...
Child Welfare: HHS Actions Would Help States Prepare Youth in the Foster Care System for Independent Living
GAO-07-1097T: Published: Jul 12, 2007. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 2007.
Congress passed the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (FCIA), which doubled annual federal funds for independent living programs to $140 million. This testimony discusses (1) states' FCIA funding allocations, (2) services provided and remaining challenges, (3) state coordination of programs to deliver services, and (4) the states and the Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Administra...
Child Welfare: Additional Federal Action Could Help States Address Challenges in Providing Services to Children and Families
GAO-07-850T: Published: May 15, 2007. Publicly Released: May 15, 2007.
Despite substantial federal and state investment, states have had difficulty ensuring the safety, well-being, and permanency of children in foster care. Ensuring these outcomes becomes even more difficult in the event of disasters such as Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, when children and families may become displaced across state lines. This testimony discusses (1) the issues that states reported as...
Child Welfare: Improving Social Service Program, Training, and Technical Assistance Information Would Help Address Long-standing Service-Level and Workforce Challenges
GAO-07-75: Published: Oct 6, 2006. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2006.
Despite substantial federal and state investment, states have not been able to meet all outcome measures for children in their care. Given the complexity of the challenges that state child welfare agencies face, GAO was asked to determine (1) the primary challenges state child welfare agencies face in their efforts to ensure the safety, well-being, and permanent placement of the children under the...
Administrative Expenditures and Federal Matching Rates of Selected Support Programs
GAO-05-839R: Published: Jun 30, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2005.
The federal government spends billions of dollars annually for programs that help low-income families and other individuals. A significant portion of these funds cover administrative costs rather than direct benefits and services. To provide information on how these administrative costs compare across programs and the federal government's role in funding these programs' administrative costs, we ex...