Program evaluation (91 - 100 of 245 items)
Workforce Investment Act: Coordination of TANF Services Through One-Stops Has Increased Despite Challenges
GAO-02-739T: Published: May 16, 2002. Publicly Released: May 16, 2002.
A central focus of welfare reform has been to help needy adults with children find and keep jobs. The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) unifies a fragmented employment and training system. Despite its similar fundamental focus, the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program was not required to participate in the one-stop system, although many states are coordinating their TANF ser...
Welfare Reform: Tribes Are Using TANF Flexibility To Establish Their Own Programs
GAO-02-695T: Published: May 10, 2002. Publicly Released: May 10, 2002.
Under welfare reform, American Indian tribes have the option to run Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs either alone or as part of a consortium of other tribes rather than receiving benefits and services from state TANF programs. Because of the difficult economic circumstances on many reservations, the law also gives tribal TANF programs more flexibility to design their program...
Welfare Reform: DOT Has Made Progress in Implementing the Job Access Program but Has Not Evaluated the Impact
GAO-02-640T: Published: Apr 17, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 17, 2002.
The Department of Transportation's (DOT) Job Access and Reverse Commute (Job Access) Program, has presented implementation challenges for the Federal Transit Administration (FTA). In November 1999, DOT's process for selecting Job Access grantees was inconsistent and the basis for some selections was unclear. In response, DOT took steps to improve its process for selecting grantees by developing a...
Workforce Investment Act: Coordination Between TANF Programs and One-Stop Centers Is Increasing, but Challenges Remain
GAO-02-500T: Published: Mar 12, 2002. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2002.
The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) brought most federally funded employment and training services into a single, one-stop center system. Coordination between Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs and one-stop centers has increased since the act was implemented in 2000. Nearly all states reported some coordination at either the state or the local level. Most often, coordination to...
Welfare Reform: States Are Using TANF Flexibility to Adapt Work Requirements and Time Limits to Meet State and Local Needs
GAO-02-501T: Published: Mar 7, 2002. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2002.
One-third of the 2.1 million cases of cash assistance provided under federal or state welfare programs in the fall of 2001 went to children. Because no adults in these families received either Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) or state maintenance-of-effort funds, work requirements and time limits did not apply. Welfare reform legislation passed in 1996 included a caseload reduction c...
Homelessness: Improving Program Coordination and Client Access to Programs
GAO-02-485T: Published: Mar 6, 2002. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 2002.
Many people are homeless for only a short time and get back on their feet with minimal assistance, but others are chronically homeless and need intensive and ongoing assistance. Fifty federal programs exist to help the homeless with housing. Sixteen of these are targeted exclusively to the homeless, and the others are mainstream programs. Targeted programs were funded at $1.7 billion in fiscal yea...
Food Stamp Program: Implementation of Electronic Benefit Transfer Systems
GAO-02-332: Published: Jan 16, 2002. Publicly Released: Jan 16, 2002.
The Department of Agriculture provided $15 billion in food stamp benefits to 17 million recipients in 2000. Until the mid-1990s, most recipients received paper coupons that they could use to buy food; today, 80 percent of all benefits are provided electronically. Recipients use cards, much like debit cards, to pay for their groceries at the checkout counter, and the costs are deducted from the rec...
Food Assistance: WIC Faces Challenges in Providing Nutrition Services
GAO-02-142: Published: Dec 4, 2001. Publicly Released: Dec 7, 2001.
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) serves almost half of all infants and about one-quarter of all children between one and four years of age in the United States. The WIC program faces the following challenges: (1) coordinating its nutrition services with health and welfare programs undergoing considerable change, (2) responding to health and demograp...
Welfare Reform: More Research Needed on TANF Family Caps and Other Policies for Reducing Out-Of-Wedlock Births
GAO-01-924: Published: Sep 11, 2001. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 2001.
To reduce out-of-wedlock pregnancies among welfare recipients, some states have imposed family caps on welfare benefits. One factor that determines the amount of cash benefits a family receives is the family's size--larger families receive more benefits. In states with a family cap policy, however, no additional cash benefits are provided with the birth of another. Twenty-three states have impleme...
Welfare Reform: GAO's Recent and Ongoing Work on DOT's Access to Jobs Program
GAO-01-996R: Published: Aug 17, 2001. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 2001.
Without adequate transportation, welfare recipients face significant barriers in moving from welfare to work. Three-fourths of welfare recipients live in central cities or rural areas, while two-thirds of the new jobs are in the suburbs. For many of these new jobs, access to public transportation facilities, such as buses or subways, is limited or nonexistent. To address this issue, the Department...