Public assistance programs (41 - 50 of 76 items)
Breastfeeding: WIC's Efforts to Promote Breastfeeding Have Increased
HRD-94-13: Published: Dec 16, 1993. Publicly Released: Dec 20, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the extent that the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) promotes breastfeeding, focusing on: (1) how promotional funds for breastfeeding are spent and what WIC is doing to promote breastfeeding; (2) whether breastfeeding promotion is an integral part of local WIC services; (3)...
Foster Care: Services to Prevent Out-of-Home Placements Are Limited by Funding Barriers
HRD-93-76: Published: Jun 29, 1993. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed foster care and family preservation services, focusing on the: (1) statutory and funding barriers states face in delivering appropriate services; (2) strategies states use to cope with those barriers; and (3) conditions under which foster care and family preservation services are most appropriate or successful.GAO found that: (1) various funding ba...
Welfare to Work: Implementation and Evaluation of Transitional Benefits Need HHS Action
HRD-92-118: Published: Sep 29, 1992. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on state implementation of transitional benefits, focusing on: (1) the proportion of eligible families receiving transitional child care (TCC) or transitional Medicaid benefits; (2) the reasons for variations among states; (2) state efforts to track the rates at which families return to the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)...
Welfare Programs: Ineffective Federal Oversight Permits Costly Automated System Problems
IMTEC-92-29: Published: May 27, 1992. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the effectiveness of the Departments of Health and Human Services' (HHS) and Agriculture's (USDA) oversight of states' efforts to automate eligibility determinations for the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), Medicaid, and Food Stamp programs.GAO found that: (1) Congress authorized HHS and USDA to pay most of states' costs to acquire a...
Elderly Americans: Health, Housing, and Nutrition Gaps Between the Poor and Nonpoor
PEMD-92-29: Published: Jun 24, 1992. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 1992.
Pursuant to congressional request, GAO provided information on poor and near-poor elderly persons, focusing on: (1) the size and characteristics of the poor and near-poor elderly population; and (2) the relationship between poverty and health care, nutrition, and housing.GAO found that: (1) the elderly poverty rate declined from 35 percent in 1959 to 12 percent in 1990; (2) certain elderly groups...
Early Intervention: Federal Investments Like WIC Can Produce Savings
HRD-92-18: Published: Apr 7, 1992. Publicly Released: May 5, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO: (1) developed a framework to estimate the cost-savings potential of early intervention programs, such as the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC); and (2) estimated the extent to which such programs can reduce the costs of other federally funded programs, such as Medicaid.GAO used a framework that it developed to assess...
Welfare Benefits: States Need Social Security's Death Data to Avoid Payment Error or Fraud
HRD-91-73: Published: Apr 2, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 2, 1991.
GAO reviewed the feasibility of computer matching Social Security Administration (SSA) death data with benefit payment files for Maryland, Pennsylvania, and District of Columbia benefit programs to determine whether states paid welfare benefits to deceased recipients.GAO found that: (1) between January 1986 and December 1987, the 3 states continued benefit payments at least 2 months after SSA file...
Computer Matching Act: Many States Did Not Comply With 30-Day Notice or Data-Verification Provisions
HRD-91-39: Published: Feb 8, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 8, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated states' implementation of provisions of the Computer Matching and Privacy Protection Act (CMPPA) of 1988, focusing on CMPPA notice and data verification provisions for three state-administered welfare programs.GAO found that: (1) as of June 1990, more than half of the states had implemented the CMPPA 30-day notice for denial or termination of bene...
Home Visiting: A Promising Early Intervention Service Delivery Strategy
T-HRD-91-2: Published: Oct 2, 1990. Publicly Released: Oct 2, 1990.
GAO discussed home visiting as a way to deliver preventive health and social services to women and their families. GAO noted that: (1) home visiting was a promising strategy for improving birth outcomes, preventing child mistreatment, and improving child health and development; (2) home visiting could be particularly useful for women at risk of poor outcomes, such as teenage mothers, substance-abu...
The Urban Underclass: Disturbing Problems Demanding Attention
HRD-90-52: Published: Sep 1, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 1, 1990.
GAO assessed the development of the urban underclass in the United States.GAO found that: (1) the urban underclass comprised a relatively small percentage of the population, with estimates ranging from less than 2 million, based on the number of able-bodied persistently poor in urban areas, to 5.6 million based on census tracts with high concentrations of disadvantaged families; (2) between 1970 a...