Public assistance programs (1 - 10 of 76 items)
Federal Low-Income Programs: Multiple Programs Target Diverse Populations and Needs
GAO-15-516: Published: Jul 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2015.
More than 80 federal programs (including 6 tax expenditures) provide aid to people with low incomes, based on GAO's survey of relevant federal agencies. Medicaid (the largest by far), the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Supplemental Security Income (SSI), and the refundable portion of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) comprised almost two-thirds of fiscal year 2013 federal obli...
Update of State and Local Government Fiscal Pressures
GAO-09-320R: Published: Jan 26, 2009. Publicly Released: Jan 26, 2009.
Congress asked GAO to provide information on (1) the fiscal pressures facing state and local governments and (2) principles to consider in determining how to effectively target and time temporary assistance to states, especially for Medicaid. This information is intended to inform ongoing congressional deliberations regarding fiscal relief to state and local governments as a component of an econom...
Supports For Low-Income Families: States Serve a Broad Range of Families through a Complex and Changing System
GAO-04-256: Published: Jan 26, 2004. Publicly Released: Jan 26, 2004.
Over the last decade, the Congress has made significant changes in numerous federal programs that support low-income families, including changes that have shifted program emphases from providing cash assistance to providing services that promote employment and economic independence. As a result of some of the federal policy changes, the support system is more decentralized than before. This height...
Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice: Several Factors Influence the Placement of Children Solely to Obtain Mental Health Services
GAO-03-865T: Published: Jul 17, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2003.
Recent news articles in over 30 states and prominent mental health advocacy organizations have described the difficulty many parents have in accessing mental health services for their children. As these reports documented, some parents choose to place their children in the child welfare or juvenile justice systems in order to obtain the mental health services that their children need. Senators Sus...
Welfare Reform: Outcomes for TANF Recipients with Impairments
GAO-02-884: Published: Jul 8, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 2002.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grants to states, which emphasizes work and responsibility over dependence on government benefits. GAO found that impairments are common among TANF recipients and their children, with 44 percent of TANF recipients reporting that they or their children had imp...
Human Services: Federal Approval and Funding Processes for States' Information Systems
GAO-02-347T: Published: Jul 9, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 2002.
This testimony discusses federal agency processes for approval of state information technology (IT) projects supporting state-administered federal human services programs. Federal approval and funding processes for state IT development and acquisition projects for the Child Support Enforcement, Child Welfare, and Food Stamps programs require the establishment of federal funding participation rates...
Workforce Investment Act: States and Localities Increasingly Coordinate Services for TANF Clients, but Better Information Needed on Effective Approaches
GAO-02-696: Published: Jul 3, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 3, 2002.
The 1998 Workforce Investment Act (WIA) required states to provide most federally funded employment-related services through one-stop centers. Two years earlier, welfare reform legislation created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant which provided flexibility to states to focus on helping needy adults with children find and maintain employment. Nearly all states reported...
Workforce Investment Act: Coordination of TANF Services Through One-Stops Has Increased Despite Challenges
GAO-02-739T: Published: May 16, 2002. Publicly Released: May 16, 2002.
A central focus of welfare reform has been to help needy adults with children find and keep jobs. The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) unifies a fragmented employment and training system. Despite its similar fundamental focus, the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program was not required to participate in the one-stop system, although many states are coordinating their TANF ser...
Medicaid: Transitional Coverage Can Help Families Move From Welfare to Work
GAO-02-679T: Published: Apr 23, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 23, 2002.
Welfare reform significantly changed federal policy for low-income families with children and established a five-year lifetime limit on cash assistance. Welfare reform also extended transitional Medicaid assistance through 2001. States have implemented various initiatives to help families move from cash assistance to the workforce, including some enhancements to transitional Medicaid. These initia...
Workforce Investment Act: Coordination Between TANF Programs and One-Stop Centers Is Increasing, but Challenges Remain
GAO-02-500T: Published: Mar 12, 2002. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2002.
The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) brought most federally funded employment and training services into a single, one-stop center system. Coordination between Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs and one-stop centers has increased since the act was implemented in 2000. Nearly all states reported some coordination at either the state or the local level. Most often, coordination to...