Disadvantaged persons (41 - 50 of 60 items)
Infants and Toddlers: Dramatic Increases in Numbers Living in Poverty
HEHS-94-74: Published: Apr 7, 1994. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the potential expansion of the Head Start Program to include infants and toddlers, focusing on the: (1) demographic and economic characteristics of infants and toddlers as shown in the 1980 and 1990 decennial census; and (2) eligibility criteria of major early childhood programs and the percentage of the infant and toddler population they serve.GAO...
Automated Welfare Systems: Historical Costs and Projections
AIMD-94-52FS: Published: Feb 25, 1994. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the extent that states are developing and implementing automated information systems for federally supported welfare programs, focusing on the numbers, types, status, and costs of such automated systems.GAO found that: (1) 52 of 54 U.S. states and territories operate multiple automated systems to provide welfare program support, although some state...
Breastfeeding: WIC's Efforts to Promote Breastfeeding Have Increased
HRD-94-13: Published: Dec 16, 1993. Publicly Released: Dec 20, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the extent that the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) promotes breastfeeding, focusing on: (1) how promotional funds for breastfeeding are spent and what WIC is doing to promote breastfeeding; (2) whether breastfeeding promotion is an integral part of local WIC services; (3)...
Welfare to Work: States Move Unevenly to Serve Teen Parents in JOBS
HRD-93-74: Published: Jul 7, 1993. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills (JOBS) Training Program, focusing on: (1) the extent to which states have enrolled young mothers receiving Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) in JOBS and helped them to complete their secondary education; (2) the approaches states have used to serve teen parents in JOBS; and (3) barriers to teen pa...
Welfare to Work: Implementation and Evaluation of Transitional Benefits Need HHS Action
HRD-92-118: Published: Sep 29, 1992. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on state implementation of transitional benefits, focusing on: (1) the proportion of eligible families receiving transitional child care (TCC) or transitional Medicaid benefits; (2) the reasons for variations among states; (2) state efforts to track the rates at which families return to the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)...
Elderly Americans: Health, Housing, and Nutrition Gaps Between the Poor and Nonpoor
PEMD-92-29: Published: Jun 24, 1992. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 1992.
Pursuant to congressional request, GAO provided information on poor and near-poor elderly persons, focusing on: (1) the size and characteristics of the poor and near-poor elderly population; and (2) the relationship between poverty and health care, nutrition, and housing.GAO found that: (1) the elderly poverty rate declined from 35 percent in 1959 to 12 percent in 1990; (2) certain elderly groups...
Home Visiting: A Promising Early Intervention Service Delivery Strategy
T-HRD-91-2: Published: Oct 2, 1990. Publicly Released: Oct 2, 1990.
GAO discussed home visiting as a way to deliver preventive health and social services to women and their families. GAO noted that: (1) home visiting was a promising strategy for improving birth outcomes, preventing child mistreatment, and improving child health and development; (2) home visiting could be particularly useful for women at risk of poor outcomes, such as teenage mothers, substance-abu...
The Urban Underclass: Disturbing Problems Demanding Attention
HRD-90-52: Published: Sep 1, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 1, 1990.
GAO assessed the development of the urban underclass in the United States.GAO found that: (1) the urban underclass comprised a relatively small percentage of the population, with estimates ranging from less than 2 million, based on the number of able-bodied persistently poor in urban areas, to 5.6 million based on census tracts with high concentrations of disadvantaged families; (2) between 1970 a...
Home Visiting: A Promising Early Intervention Strategy for At-Risk Families
HRD-90-83: Published: Jul 11, 1990. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed home visiting, focusing on: (1) the nature and scope of home-visiting programs in the United States and Europe; (2) its effectiveness; (3) strategies critical to the design of programs that use home visiting; and (4) federal options in using home visiting.GAO found that: (1) some programs using home visiting improved the health and well being of fa...
Welfare Reform: Alabama's Demonstration Project
HRD-89-129BR: Published: Aug 17, 1989. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information about Alabama's proposed Avenues to Self-Sufficiency through Employment and Training Services (ASSETS), a welfare reform demonstration project intended to: (1) simplify and consolidate the administration of federal welfare programs; and (2) provide recipients with greater incentive and ability to succeed in society.GAO found that Alabam...