Federal law (1 - 10 of 23 items)
Higher Education: Actions Needed to Improve Access to Federal Financial Assistance for Homeless and Foster Youth
GAO-16-343: Published: May 19, 2016. Publicly Released: May 19, 2016.
Available research suggests that a lower percentage of youth who have been in foster care enroll in and complete college compared to other youth, but little is known about homeless youth. While the Departments of Education (Education) and Health and Human Services (HHS) administer programs that can help them with college, Education data from 2009 (the latest available) indicate that a lower percen...
Disability Insurance: Actions Needed to Help Prevent Potential Overpayments to Individuals Receiving Concurrent Federal Workers' Compensation
GAO-15-531: Published: Jul 8, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 3, 2015.
GAO found that the Social Security Administration (SSA) detected concurrent Disability Insurance (DI) and Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) payments received by some, but not all individuals who received these concurrent payments during at least 1 calendar month from July 1, 2011 through June 30, 2014, which was the most-current data available at the time GAO began its work. Specifically:...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: An Overview of Spending, Federal Oversight, and Program Incentives
GAO-15-572T: Published: Apr 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2015.
While the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant serves as the nation's major cash assistance program for low-income families with children, states increasingly use it as a flexible funding stream for supporting a broad range of allowable services. For example, in December 2012 GAO found that nationwide, in fiscal year 1997, states spent about 23 percent of TANF funds on servic...
Clinical Trials: Little is Known about Participation by Supplemental Security Income Recipients
GAO-14-734R: Published: Sep 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2014.
Some Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipientshave participated in clinical trials for rare diseases and received compensation for their participation in recent years. SSI provides cash benefits to low-income aged, blind, and disabled persons who meet the program’s eligibility requirements, and since April 2011, the Social Security Administration (SSA) has excluded this type of compensation...
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Enhanced Detection Tools and Reporting Could Improve Efforts to Combat Recipient Fraud
GAO-14-641: Published: Aug 21, 2014. Publicly Released: Aug 21, 2014.
The 11 states GAO reviewed employed a range of detection tools, but experienced mixed success investigating and pursuing cases to combat potential Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) recipient fraud. States reported using detection tools required or recommended by the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), such as matching recipient data against prisoner and death files. However, most of s...
Social Security Disability Programs: SSA Could Take Steps to Improve Its Assessment of Continued Eligibility
GAO-14-492T: Published: Apr 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 9, 2014.
The Social Security Administration (SSA) reported in January 2014 that it is behind schedule in assessing the continued eligibility of recipients in its two disability programs, Disability Insurance (DI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI),and has accumulated a backlog of 1.3 million continuing disability reviews (CDRs). From fiscal years 2000 to 2011, the numbers of adult and child CDRs conduc...
Child Welfare: Federal Agencies Can Better Support State Efforts to Prevent and Respond to Sexual Abuse by School Personnel
GAO-14-42: Published: Jan 27, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 2014.
To help prevent the sexual abuse of students in public K-12 schools, 46 of the 50 states and the District of Columbia surveyed by GAO required background checks of applicants--such as teachers or bus drivers--seeking public school employment; however, the methods and sources varied widely. Forty-two states established professional standards or codes of conduct for school personnel, and 22 of those...
Temporary Assistance For Needy Families: Potential Options to Improve Performance and Oversight
GAO-13-431: Published: May 15, 2013. Publicly Released: May 15, 2013.
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families' (TANF) role in providing cash assistance has evolved; fewer eligible families receive cash assistance and the composition of the caseload has changed. GAO noted in 2010 that 87 percent of the dramatic decline from 1995 through 2005 in the number of families receiving cash assistance was due a decline in eligible families participating in TANF, rather than i...
WIC Program: Improved Oversight of Income Eligibility Determination Needed
GAO-13-290: Published: Feb 28, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 2013.
The discretion granted by federal law, regulations, and guidance in certain areas of income eligibility determination for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) has resulted in policy variation across states and localities. For example, while national survey data show that many states use an applicant's current income to determine income eligibility, GAO'...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Workforce Participation Requirement Waivers
GAO-13-423T: Published: Feb 28, 2013. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2013.
Although many states requested and received waivers under the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program, no section 1115 waivers of TANF requirements have been granted by HHS since TANF's creation in 1996. Since 2000, several states have expressed interest in the availability of waivers. For example, in 2001, one state asked HHS about waiving various requirements including the work pa...