Disadvantaged persons (1 - 10 of 45 items)
Supplemental Security Income: Preliminary Observations on Children with Mental Impairments
GAO-12-196T: Published: Oct 27, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 27, 2011.
The Social Security Administration's (SSA) Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program provides cash benefits to eligible low-income disabled individuals, including children, as well as certain others. Children may generally qualify for SSI benefits if they meet certain financial requirements and are deemed to have a qualifying medically determinable physical or mental impairment of a specified dur...
TANF and Child Welfare Programs: Increased Data Sharing Could Improve Access to Benefits and Services
GAO-12-2: Published: Oct 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2011.
In 2010, over 40 percent of families receiving cash assistance through the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program were "child-only," meaning the adults in the household were not included in the benefit calculation, and aid was provided only for the children. TANF and child welfare programs provide cash assistance and other services that support children living with nonparent caregi...
Nutrition Assistance: Additional Efficiencies Could Improve Services to Older Adults
GAO-11-782T: Published: Jun 21, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 2011.
This testimony discusses our recent work on food insecurity among older adults and the nutrition assistance programs available to assist them, including nutrition assistance programs authorized under the Older Americans Act of 1965 (OAA). This work can help inform government policymakers as they address the needs of one of our nation's most vulnerable populations while ensuring the efficiency and...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Implications of Caseload and Program Changes for Families and Program Monitoring
GAO-10-815T: Published: Sep 21, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2010.
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, created in 1996, is one of the key federal funding streams provided to states to assist women and children in poverty. A critical aspect of TANF has been its focus on employment and self-sufficiency, and the primary means to measure state efforts in this area has been TANF's work participation rate requirements. Legislative changes in 200...
Domestic Food Assistance: Complex System Benefits Millions, but Additional Efforts Could Address Potential Inefficiency and Overlap among Smaller Programs
GAO-10-346: Published: Apr 15, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2010.
The federal government spends billions of dollars every year on domestic food assistance programs. The U.S. Department of Agriculture administers most of these programs and monitors the prevalence of food insecurity--that is, the percentage of U.S. households that were unable to afford enough food sometime during the year. Other federal agencies also fund food assistance programs; however, compreh...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Fewer Eligible Families Have Received Cash Assistance Since the 1990s, and the Recession's Impact on Caseloads Varies by State
GAO-10-164: Published: Feb 23, 2010. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 2010.
Following sweeping changes made to federal welfare policy in 1996 with the creation of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, the number of needy families who received cash assistance fell by more than half to 1.7 million in 2008. Poverty among children also fell from about 21 percent in 1995 to about 16 percent in 2000, rising again to 19 percent in 2008. The current recessio...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Implications of Changes in Participation Rates
GAO-10-495T: Published: Mar 11, 2010. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 2010.
This testimony is based on our report entitled "Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Fewer Eligible Families Have Received Cash Assistance Since the 1990s, and the Recession's Impact on Caseloads Varies by State." As a result of sweeping changes made to federal welfare policy in 1996 with the creation of TANF, welfare changed from a program entitling eligible families to monthly cash payments...
Food Stamp Program: FNS Could Improve Guidance and Monitoring to Help Ensure Appropriate Use of Noncash Categorical Eligibility
GAO-07-465: Published: Mar 28, 2007. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2007.
In fiscal year 2005, the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Food Stamp Program served over 25 million individuals per month, on average, providing over $28 billion in benefits for the year. To reduce the administrative burden on state agencies, current food stamp regulations allow households that receive or are authorized to receive Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) noncash services t...
Child Care: Additional Information Is Needed on Working Families Receiving Subsidies
GAO-05-667: Published: Jun 29, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2005.
Since the Congress enacted welfare reform legislation in 1996, child care assistance has served as a key support for work efforts among low-income families. Researchers have found that reliable, high-quality child care is critical to sustaining parents' ability to work, while safeguarding their children's health and intellectual development. States have flexibility in determining which low-income...
Child Welfare: Better Data and Evaluations Could Improve Processes and Programs for Adopting Children with Special Needs
GAO-05-292: Published: Jun 13, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 13, 2005.
On September 30, 2002, the most recent date for which Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) data were available, about 126,000 foster children were waiting to be adopted. Estimates suggest that a significant portion of these children had one or more special needs, such as a medical condition or membership in a minority group, that may discourage or delay their adoption. Federal support in...