Welfare benefits (11 - 20 of 51 items)
Welfare Reform: Tribal TANF Allows Flexibility to Tailor Programs, but Conditions on Reservations Make It Difficult to Move Recipients into Jobs
GAO-02-768: Published: Jul 5, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 2002.
The 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act gives Native American Indian tribes the option to administer Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs, either alone or as part of a consortium with other tribes, rather than receiving benefits and services from state TANF programs. Because of the difficult economic circumstances on many reservations, the law al...
Workforce Investment Act: States and Localities Increasingly Coordinate Services for TANF Clients, but Better Information Needed on Effective Approaches
GAO-02-696: Published: Jul 3, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 3, 2002.
The 1998 Workforce Investment Act (WIA) required states to provide most federally funded employment-related services through one-stop centers. Two years earlier, welfare reform legislation created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant which provided flexibility to states to focus on helping needy adults with children find and maintain employment. Nearly all states reported...
Welfare Reform: Federal Oversight of State and Local Contracting Can be Strengthened
GAO-02-661: Published: Jun 11, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 11, 2002.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWPRA) of 1996 changed the nation's cash assistance program for needy families with children. The former program, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), was replaced with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant, which provides states with $16.5 billion each year through 2002 to serve this populati...
Welfare Reform: Tribes Are Using TANF Flexibility To Establish Their Own Programs
GAO-02-695T: Published: May 10, 2002. Publicly Released: May 10, 2002.
Under welfare reform, American Indian tribes have the option to run Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs either alone or as part of a consortium of other tribes rather than receiving benefits and services from state TANF programs. Because of the difficult economic circumstances on many reservations, the law also gives tribal TANF programs more flexibility to design their program...
Medicaid: Transitional Coverage Can Help Families Move From Welfare to Work
GAO-02-679T: Published: Apr 23, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 23, 2002.
Welfare reform significantly changed federal policy for low-income families with children and established a five-year lifetime limit on cash assistance. Welfare reform also extended transitional Medicaid assistance through 2001. States have implemented various initiatives to help families move from cash assistance to the workforce, including some enhancements to transitional Medicaid. These initia...
Welfare Reform: States Provide TANF-Funded Work Support Services to Many Low-Income Families Who Do Not Receive Cash Assistance
GAO-02-615T: Published: Apr 10, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 10, 2002.
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant makes $16.5 billion available to states each year, regardless of changes in the number of people receiving benefits. To qualify for their full TANF allotments, states must spend a certain amount of state money, referred to as maintenance-of-effort funds. As states implemented work-focused reforms during the strong economy of the 1990s,...
Welfare Reform: States Provide TANF-Funded Services to Many Low-Income Families Who Do Not Receive Cash Assistance
GAO-02-564: Published: Apr 5, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 2002.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 ended the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program and created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant to states. TANF emphasizes work and responsibility over dependence on government benefits. It also requires states to maintain a historical level of spending on welfare-related programs. The...
Food Stamp Program: States' Use of Options and Waivers to Improve Program Administration and Promote Access
GAO-02-409: Published: Feb 19, 2002. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2002.
To help states administer their Food Stamp Programs, the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) offers options and waivers to their program rules and regulations. Almost all states used options or waivers in their food stamp eligibility determination process. More than half of the states chose to make households receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) services automatically eligible for...
Child Care: States Increased Spending on Low-Income Families
GAO-01-293: Published: Feb 2, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 2001.
Nationwide, states reported that federal and state expenditures for child care under the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) block grant and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant grew from $4.1 billion in fiscal year 1997 to $6.9 billion in fiscal year 1999 and totaled over $16 billion in constant fiscal year 1997 dollars for this three-year period. More than half of th...
Welfare Reform: Work-Site-Based Activities Can Play an Important Role in TANF Programs
HEHS-00-122: Published: Jul 28, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) work-site programs, focusing on: (1) the key characteristics of work-site activities states and localities are using in their TANF programs; (2) the key challenges to implementing and administering work-site activities and some of the ways that states and localities have addressed these challenges; and...