State-administered programs (21 - 30 of 120 items)
Supports For Low-Income Families: States Serve a Broad Range of Families through a Complex and Changing System
GAO-04-256: Published: Jan 26, 2004. Publicly Released: Jan 26, 2004.
Over the last decade, the Congress has made significant changes in numerous federal programs that support low-income families, including changes that have shifted program emphases from providing cash assistance to providing services that promote employment and economic independence. As a result of some of the federal policy changes, the support system is more decentralized than before. This height...
Welfare Reform: Information on TANF Balances
GAO-03-1094: Published: Sep 8, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2003.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 made sweeping changes to the nation's key welfare program for needy families. It established the $16.5 billion Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant, which provides to the states federal funds to support low-income families and help these families reduce their dependence on welfare. TANF provides state...
Child Care: States Exercise Flexibility in Setting Reimbursement Rates and Providing Access for Low-Income Children
GAO-02-894: Published: Sep 18, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 18, 2002.
Federal welfare legislation passed in 1996 placed a greater emphasis on helping low-income families end dependence on government benefits by promoting job preparation and work. To reach this goal, the legislation gave states greater flexibility to design programs that use federal funds to subsidize child care for low-income families. Under the Child Care and Development Fund, this flexibility incl...
Medicaid: Transitional Coverage Can Help Families Move From Welfare to Work
GAO-02-679T: Published: Apr 23, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 23, 2002.
Welfare reform significantly changed federal policy for low-income families with children and established a five-year lifetime limit on cash assistance. Welfare reform also extended transitional Medicaid assistance through 2001. States have implemented various initiatives to help families move from cash assistance to the workforce, including some enhancements to transitional Medicaid. These initia...
Workforce Investment Act: Coordination Between TANF Programs and One-Stop Centers Is Increasing, but Challenges Remain
GAO-02-500T: Published: Mar 12, 2002. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2002.
The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) brought most federally funded employment and training services into a single, one-stop center system. Coordination between Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs and one-stop centers has increased since the act was implemented in 2000. Nearly all states reported some coordination at either the state or the local level. Most often, coordination to...
Food Stamp Program: States' Use of Options and Waivers to Improve Program Administration and Promote Access
GAO-02-409: Published: Feb 19, 2002. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2002.
To help states administer their Food Stamp Programs, the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) offers options and waivers to their program rules and regulations. Almost all states used options or waivers in their food stamp eligibility determination process. More than half of the states chose to make households receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) services automatically eligible for...
Welfare Reform: Moving Hard-to-Employ Recipients Into the Workforce
GAO-01-368: Published: Mar 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 2001.
Although some welfare recipients who might seem hard to employ are able to successfully enter the workforce, others have needed considerable time and support to become work-ready. As a result, some states have begun to implement or are considering strategies to help hard-to-employ recipients join the workforce. To be successful in moving hard-to-employ Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF...
Welfare Reform: Progress in Meeting Work-Focused TANF Goals
GAO-01-522T: Published: Mar 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 2001.
This testimony discusses the progress of welfare reform. GAO found that states are transforming the nation's welfare system into a work-based, temporary assistance program for needy families, with a focus on moving people into employment rather than signing them up for cash assistance. States' implementation of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), undertaken in a time of strong economic...
Child Care: States Increased Spending on Low-Income Families
GAO-01-293: Published: Feb 2, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 2001.
Nationwide, states reported that federal and state expenditures for child care under the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) block grant and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant grew from $4.1 billion in fiscal year 1997 to $6.9 billion in fiscal year 1999 and totaled over $16 billion in constant fiscal year 1997 dollars for this three-year period. More than half of th...
Unemployment Insurance: Role as Safety Net for Low-Wage Workers Is Limited
GAO-01-181: Published: Dec 29, 2000. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 2001.
The welfare and unemployment insurance (UI) programs have been part of the nation's social safety net since 1935. The welfare program provides cash assistance to needy families without means of support, while UI provides cash assistance to people temporarily unemployed. In 1996, welfare reform put time limits on how long most people can receive cash assistance and generally required recipients to...