Child care programs (21 - 30 of 61 items)
TANF And Child Care Programs: HHS Lacks Adequate Information to Assess Risk and Assist States in Managing Improper Payments
GAO-04-723: Published: Jun 18, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 2004.
Minimizing improper payments is important given the dollar magnitude of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) programs--about $34 billion in federal and state funds expended annually. These block grants support millions of low-income families with cash assistance, child care, and other services aimed at reducing their dependence on the govern...
Supports For Low-Income Families: States Serve a Broad Range of Families through a Complex and Changing System
GAO-04-256: Published: Jan 26, 2004. Publicly Released: Jan 26, 2004.
Over the last decade, the Congress has made significant changes in numerous federal programs that support low-income families, including changes that have shifted program emphases from providing cash assistance to providing services that promote employment and economic independence. As a result of some of the federal policy changes, the support system is more decentralized than before. This height...
Welfare Reform: Information on TANF Balances
GAO-03-1094: Published: Sep 8, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2003.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 made sweeping changes to the nation's key welfare program for needy families. It established the $16.5 billion Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant, which provides to the states federal funds to support low-income families and help these families reduce their dependence on welfare. TANF provides state...
Child Care: Recent State Policy Changes Affecting the Availability of Assistance for Low-Income Families
GAO-03-588: Published: May 5, 2003. Publicly Released: May 5, 2003.
With the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program taking effect in 1997, child care assistance became a significant strategy for helping welfare recipients move into the workforce and for helping other low-income families stay off welfare. Since 1997, states have used federal funds from the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) and TANF along with state funds to expand child care as...
Child Care: States Exercise Flexibility in Setting Reimbursement Rates and Providing Access for Low-Income Children
GAO-02-894: Published: Sep 18, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 18, 2002.
Federal welfare legislation passed in 1996 placed a greater emphasis on helping low-income families end dependence on government benefits by promoting job preparation and work. To reach this goal, the legislation gave states greater flexibility to design programs that use federal funds to subsidize child care for low-income families. Under the Child Care and Development Fund, this flexibility incl...
Welfare Reform: States Provide TANF-Funded Work Support Services to Many Low-Income Families Who Do Not Receive Cash Assistance
GAO-02-615T: Published: Apr 10, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 10, 2002.
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant makes $16.5 billion available to states each year, regardless of changes in the number of people receiving benefits. To qualify for their full TANF allotments, states must spend a certain amount of state money, referred to as maintenance-of-effort funds. As states implemented work-focused reforms during the strong economy of the 1990s,...
Welfare Reform: States Provide TANF-Funded Services to Many Low-Income Families Who Do Not Receive Cash Assistance
GAO-02-564: Published: Apr 5, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 2002.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 ended the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program and created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant to states. TANF emphasizes work and responsibility over dependence on government benefits. It also requires states to maintain a historical level of spending on welfare-related programs. The...
Child Care: States Increased Spending on Low-Income Families
GAO-01-293: Published: Feb 2, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 2001.
Nationwide, states reported that federal and state expenditures for child care under the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) block grant and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant grew from $4.1 billion in fiscal year 1997 to $6.9 billion in fiscal year 1999 and totaled over $16 billion in constant fiscal year 1997 dollars for this three-year period. More than half of th...
Education and Care: Early Childhood Programs and Services for Low-Income Families
HEHS-00-11: Published: Nov 15, 1999. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on federal child care funding, focusing on: (1) programs and services funded at the federal and state levels that directly provide early childhood care and education for the general population of low-income children up to age 5; (2) state and local assessments of the relative difficulty low-income parents face in obtaining care for thei...
Child Care: States' Efforts to Expand Programs Under Welfare Reform
T-HEHS-98-148: Published: Apr 22, 1998. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 1998.
GAO discussed how child care programs are changing at the state level through the revisions in the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, focusing on: (1) how much federal and state funds states are spending on child care subsidy programs and how they are allocating these resources; (2) how states are trying to increase the supply of child care to meet the project...