Disadvantaged persons (51 - 60 of 265 items)
Residential Energy: Oversight of Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program Payments
GAO-05-1039T: Published: Sep 27, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 2005.
The Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) is a block grant program with recent annual funding of about $2 billion that provides fuel payment assistance and payments for home energy efficiency improvements for low-income households. As energy prices continue to rise, this assistance is growing more important to mitigate the impact of highe...
TANF: State Approaches to Screening for Domestic Violence Could Benefit from HHS Guidance
GAO-05-701: Published: Aug 16, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2005.
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program introduced specific work requirements and benefit time limits. However, the Family Violence Option (FVO) requires states that adopt the FVO to screen TANF clients for domestic violence and grant waivers from program requirements for clients in domestic violence situations. TANF also allows the use of TANF funds for marriage and responsible...
Child Care: Additional Information Is Needed on Working Families Receiving Subsidies
GAO-05-667: Published: Jun 29, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2005.
Since the Congress enacted welfare reform legislation in 1996, child care assistance has served as a key support for work efforts among low-income families. Researchers have found that reliable, high-quality child care is critical to sustaining parents' ability to work, while safeguarding their children's health and intellectual development. States have flexibility in determining which low-income...
Administrative Expenditures and Federal Matching Rates of Selected Support Programs
GAO-05-839R: Published: Jun 30, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2005.
The federal government spends billions of dollars annually for programs that help low-income families and other individuals. A significant portion of these funds cover administrative costs rather than direct benefits and services. To provide information on how these administrative costs compare across programs and the federal government's role in funding these programs' administrative costs, we ex...
Child Welfare: Better Data and Evaluations Could Improve Processes and Programs for Adopting Children with Special Needs
GAO-05-292: Published: Jun 13, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 13, 2005.
On September 30, 2002, the most recent date for which Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) data were available, about 126,000 foster children were waiting to be adopted. Estimates suggest that a significant portion of these children had one or more special needs, such as a medical condition or membership in a minority group, that may discourage or delay their adoption. Federal support in...
Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Department of Education Could Improve Its Monitoring and Assistance
GAO-04-961: Published: Sep 21, 2004. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2004.
Congress has expanded the number of low-income and minority serving institutions eligible for grants under Titles III and V of the Higher Education Act and nearly doubled funding for these grants in the last 5 years to about $432 million in fiscal year 2004. Institutions eligible for funding under Titles III and V include Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Tribal Colleges, Hispanic Serv...
TANF And Child Care Programs: HHS Lacks Adequate Information to Assess Risk and Assist States in Managing Improper Payments
GAO-04-723: Published: Jun 18, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 2004.
Minimizing improper payments is important given the dollar magnitude of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) programs--about $34 billion in federal and state funds expended annually. These block grants support millions of low-income families with cash assistance, child care, and other services aimed at reducing their dependence on the govern...
Food Stamp Program: Steps Have Been Taken to Increase Participation of Working Families, but Better Tracking of Efforts Is Needed
GAO-04-346: Published: Mar 5, 2004. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 2004.
Eligible working families are believed to participate in the Food Stamp Program at a lower rate than the eligible population as a whole. As a result, many federal, state, and local officials believe the program is not living up to its potential as a component of the nation's work support system. This report examines: (1) what proportion of eligible working families participate in the program and w...
Supports For Low-Income Families: States Serve a Broad Range of Families through a Complex and Changing System
GAO-04-256: Published: Jan 26, 2004. Publicly Released: Jan 26, 2004.
Over the last decade, the Congress has made significant changes in numerous federal programs that support low-income families, including changes that have shifted program emphases from providing cash assistance to providing services that promote employment and economic independence. As a result of some of the federal policy changes, the support system is more decentralized than before. This height...
Welfare Reform: Information on TANF Balances
GAO-03-1094: Published: Sep 8, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2003.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 made sweeping changes to the nation's key welfare program for needy families. It established the $16.5 billion Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant, which provides to the states federal funds to support low-income families and help these families reduce their dependence on welfare. TANF provides state...