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Worker and Family Assistance (31 - 40 of 1,683 items)
Federal Low-Income Programs: Multiple Programs Target Diverse Populations and Needs
GAO-15-516: Published: Jul 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2015.
More than 80 federal programs (including 6 tax expenditures) provide aid to people with low incomes, based on GAO's survey of relevant federal agencies. Medicaid (the largest by far), the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Supplemental Security Income (SSI), and the refundable portion of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) comprised almost two-thirds of fiscal year 2013 federal obli...
Disability Insurance: Actions Needed to Help Prevent Potential Overpayments to Individuals Receiving Concurrent Federal Workers' Compensation
GAO-15-531: Published: Jul 8, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 3, 2015.
GAO found that the Social Security Administration (SSA) detected concurrent Disability Insurance (DI) and Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) payments received by some, but not all individuals who received these concurrent payments during at least 1 calendar month from July 1, 2011 through June 30, 2014, which was the most-current data available at the time GAO began its work. Specifically:...
Veterans' Disability Benefits: Improvements Needed to Better Ensure VA Unemployability Decisions Are Well Supported
GAO-15-735T: Published: Jul 15, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 2015.
The number of veterans receiving Total Disability Individual Unemployability (TDIU) benefits has been increasing, as has the total amount of benefit payments, especially among older veterans. VA generally provides TDIU benefits to disabled veterans who are unable to maintain employment with earnings above the federal poverty guidelines due to service-connected disabilities. To be eligible for TDIU...
Veterans' Disability Benefits: VA Can Better Ensure Unemployability Decisions Are Well Supported
GAO-15-464: Published: Jun 2, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 2, 2015.
The number of older veterans receiving Individual Unemployability benefits, a disability supplement, has been increasing, as has the total amount of benefit payments. In fiscal year 2013, 330,000 veterans received this benefit, which the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provides to disabled veterans of any age who are unemployable because of service-connected disabilities. From fiscal years 200...
Older Americans Act: Updated Information on Unmet Need for Services
GAO-15-601R: Published: Jun 10, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 2015.
Per 2013 data, many older adults with low incomes who likely need meals services do not receive them. An estimated 90 percent of low-income older adults (those age 60 and older with incomes below 185 percent of the poverty threshold) do not receive meals services like those funded by Older Americans Act (OAA) Title III programs, according to GAO's analysis of 2013 Current Population Survey (CPS) d...
Supplemental Security Income: An Overview of Program Integrity and Management Challenges
GAO-15-632T: Published: Jun 3, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 3, 2015.
The Social Security Administration (SSA) faces challenges with ensuring the integrity of the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program's processes for preventing, detecting, and recovering overpayments. For example, SSA is required in certain circumstances to periodically review SSI recipients' medical and financial eligibility, yet the lack of timely reviews and difficulty getting complete finan...
Unemployment Insurance: States' Reductions in Maximum Benefit Durations Have Implications for Federal Costs
GAO-15-281: Published: Apr 22, 2015. Publicly Released: May 21, 2015.
The unemployment insurance (UI) system, a federal and state partnership that provides benefits to eligible workers who have lost their jobs, was under financial pressures during the recent recession and recovery. Since 2011, nine states reduced the maximum length of time (duration) individuals could receive state benefits. These states reduced duration from 26 weeks to as few as 12 weeks, with 20...
Domestic Food Assistance: Multiple Programs Benefit Millions of Americans, but Additional Action Is Needed to Address Potential Overlap and Inefficiencies
GAO-15-606T: Published: May 20, 2015. Publicly Released: May 20, 2015.
The federal government spent over $100 billion on 18 domestic food assistance programs in fiscal year 2014. Federal spending on the five largest food assistance programs has increased over the last 20 years, driven largely by increases in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) following the recession of 2007-2009.Federal Spending on the Five Largest Programs from Fiscal Year 1995 to...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: An Overview of Spending, Federal Oversight, and Program Incentives
GAO-15-572T: Published: Apr 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2015.
While the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant serves as the nation's major cash assistance program for low-income families with children, states increasingly use it as a flexible funding stream for supporting a broad range of allowable services. For example, in December 2012 GAO found that nationwide, in fiscal year 1997, states spent about 23 percent of TANF funds on servic...
Women in STEM Research: Federal Agencies Differ in the Data They Collect on Grant Applicants
GAO-15-291R: Published: Mar 17, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 13, 2015.
Three of the six federal grant-making agencies we reviewed that support research in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields—the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and the Department of Agriculture-National Institute of Food and Agriculture—routinely collect demographic information about the individual researchers who apply for and receive federal g...