Safety standards (61 - 70 of 157 items)
Transportation Security: Federal Action Needed to Enhance Security Efforts
GAO-03-1154T: Published: Sep 9, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2003.
The economic well being of the United States is dependent on the expeditious flow of people and goods through the transportation system. The attacks on September 11, 2001, illustrate the threats to and vulnerabilities of the transportation system. Prior to September 11, the Department of Transportation (DOT) had primary responsibility for the security of the transportation system. In the wake of S...
Highway Safety: Factors Contributing to Traffic Crashes and NHTSA's Efforts to Address Them
GAO-03-730T: Published: May 22, 2003. Publicly Released: May 22, 2003.
From 1975 through 2002, annual traffic fatalities decreased from 44,525 to 42,850, while the rate of fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles traveled decreased from 3.35 to 1.51. However, decreases in fatalities have leveled off since the early 1990s. Since 1999, the number of alcohol-related fatalities has risen. In 1998, the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century funded a series of high...
Transportation Security: Post-September 11th Initiatives and Long-Term Challenges
GAO-03-616T: Published: Apr 1, 2003. Publicly Released: Apr 1, 2003.
This testimony responds to the request of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States for information on GAO's work in transportation security. It addresses (1) transportation security before September 2001; (2) what the federal government has done since September 11th to strengthen transportation security, particularly aviation, mass transit, and port security; and (3) wha...
Aviation Safety: FAA Needs to Update Curriculum and Certification Requirements for Aviation Mechanics
GAO-03-317: Published: Mar 6, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 18, 2003.
The safety of millions of airline passengers depends in part on aviation mechanics--known as A&P mechanics--that are certified to inspect, service, and repair the aircraft's body (airframe) and/or engine (powerplant). The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) establishes the requirements to become certified as an A&P mechanic. Concerns have been raised in the aviation industry about having a suffi...
Aviation Safety: Undeclared Air Shipments of Dangerous Goods and DOT's Enforcement Approach
GAO-03-22: Published: Jan 10, 2003. Publicly Released: Jan 15, 2003.
When shipments of dangerous goods (hazardous chemical substances that could endanger public safety or the environment, such as flammable liquids or radioactive materials) are not properly packaged and labeled for air transport, they can pose significant threats because there is little room for error when something goes wrong in flight. To better understand the risks posed by improper ("undeclared"...
Aviation Security: Registered Traveler Program Policy and Implementation Issues
GAO-03-253: Published: Nov 22, 2002. Publicly Released: Nov 26, 2002.
The aviation industry and business traveler groups have proposed the registered traveler concept as a way to reduce long waits in airport security lines caused by heightened security screening measures implemented after the September 11 terrorist attacks. In addition, aviation security experts have advocated this concept as a way to better target security resources to those travelers who might pos...
Mass Transit: Challenges in Securing Transit Systems
GAO-02-1075T: Published: Sep 18, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 2002.
Over a year has passed since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, realigned national priorities. Although most of the early attention following the attacks focused on airport security, emphasis on the other modes of transportation has since grown. Addressing transit safety and security concerns is complicated by the nature and scope of transit in the United States. About 6,000 agencies pro...
Pipeline Safety: Status of Improving Oversight of the Pipeline Industry
GAO-02-517T: Published: Mar 19, 2002. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 2002.
The Office of Pipeline Safety (OPS) oversees 2.2 million miles of pipelines that transport potentially dangerous materials, such as oil and natural gas. OPS has been slow to improve its oversight of the pipeline industry and implement critical pipeline safety improvements. As a result, OPS has the lowest rate of any transportation agency for implementing the recommendations of the National Transpo...
Aviation Safety: FAA and DOD Response to Similar Safety Concerns
GAO-02-77: Published: Dec 14, 2001. Publicly Released: Jan 22, 2002.
The informal and formal networks used by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the military services to exchange critical aviation safety information have proven useful. However, because recent and expected retirements threaten to erode informal networks, additional formal channels of communication are needed to ensure that common safety risks are identified and addressed in a systematic a...
Aviation Security: Weaknesses in Airport Security and Options for Assigning Screening Responsibilities
GAO-01-1165T: Published: Sep 21, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2001.
A safe and secure civil aviation system is a critical component of the nation's overall security, physical infrastructure, and economic foundation. Billions of dollars and a myriad of programs and policies have been devoted to achieving such a system. Although it is not fully known at this time what actually occurred or what all the weaknesses in the nation's aviation security apparatus are that c...