Safety standards (41 - 50 of 157 items)
Unified Motor Carrier Fee System: Progress Made but Challenges to Implementing New System Remain
GAO-07-771R: Published: May 25, 2007. Publicly Released: May 25, 2007.
The congressionally established unified carrier fee system was not implemented before its predecessor, the Single State Registration System, expired thereby preventing states from collecting fees from for-hire motor carriers and other related entities. The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) mandated that a new unified carrier fee syste...
Rail Safety: The Federal Railroad Administration Is Better Targeting Safety Risks, but Needs to Assess Results to Determine the Impact of Its Efforts
GAO-07-841T: Published: May 22, 2007. Publicly Released: May 22, 2007.
Although the overall safety record in the railroad industry, as measured by the number of train accidents per million miles traveled, has improved markedly since 1980, there has been little sustained improvement over the past decade. Serious accidents resulting in injuries and deaths continue to occur, such as one in Graniteville, South Carolina, in 2005 that resulted in 9 deaths and 292 injuries...
Commercial Aviation: Potential Safety and Capacity Issues Associated with the Introduction of the New A380 Aircraft
GAO-07-483: Published: Apr 20, 2007. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2007.
Airbus S.A.S. (Airbus), a European aircraft manufacturer, is introducing a new aircraft designated as the A380, which is expected to enter service in late 2007. The A380 will be the largest passenger aircraft in the world, with a wingspan of about 262 feet, a tail fin reaching 80 feet high, and a maximum takeoff weight of 1.2 million pounds. The A380 has a double deck and could seat up to 853 pass...
Federal Aviation Administration: Key Issues in Ensuring the Efficient Development and Safe Operation of the Next Generation Air Transportation System
GAO-07-636T: Published: Mar 22, 2007. Publicly Released: Mar 22, 2007.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) operates one of the safest air transportation systems in the world. It is, however, a system under strain. The skies are becoming more crowded every day, with an estimated 1 billion passengers per year expected by 2015. The current aviation system cannot be expanded to meet this growth. The reauthorization of FAA is an opportunity to examine how the agency...
Performance and Accountability: Transportation Challenges Facing Congress and the Department of Transportation
GAO-07-545T: Published: Mar 6, 2007. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 2007.
A safe, efficient, and convenient transportation system is integral to the health of our economy and quality of life. Our nation's vast transportation system of airways, railways, roads, pipelines, transit, and waterways has served this need, yet it is under considerable strain from (1) increasing congestion, (2) the large costs to maintain and improve it, and (3) the human cost of over 44,000 peo...
Commercial Space Launches: FAA Needs Continued Planning and Monitoring to Oversee the Safety of the Emerging Space Tourism Industry
GAO-07-16: Published: Oct 20, 2006. Publicly Released: Oct 25, 2006.
In 2004, the successful launches of SpaceShipOne raised the possibility of an emerging U.S. commercial space tourism industry that would make human space travel available to the public. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), which has responsibility for safety and industry promotion, licenses operations of commercial space launches and launch sites. To allow the industry to grow, Congress proh...
Aviation Safety: FAA's Safety Efforts Generally Strong but Face Challenges
GAO-06-1091T: Published: Sep 20, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2006.
The U.S. commercial aviation industry has had an extraordinary safety record in recent years. However, expected increases in air-traffic--including the introduction of new vehicles into the national airspace, such as unmanned vehicles and very light jets--and human resource issues, present challenges that have the potential to strain the existing safety oversight system. GAO's testimony focuses on...
Highway Safety: Further Opportunities Exist to Improve Data on Crashes Involving Commercial Motor Vehicles
GAO-06-102: Published: Nov 18, 2005. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 2005.
Large trucks make up 3 percent of the nation's registered vehicles, but they were involved in 11 percent of all fatal crashes in 2003. To reduce the fatality rate, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) sets national safety goals and works in partnership with states to reach them. Crash data collected by states and submitted to FMCSA is key to these efforts, and to be fully useful...
Aviation Safety: FAA's Safety Oversight System Is Effective but Could Benefit from Better Evaluation of Its Programs' Performance
GAO-06-266T: Published: Nov 17, 2005. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2005.
The U.S. commercial aviation industry has an extraordinary safety record. However, when passenger airlines have accidents or serious incidents, regardless of their rarity, the consequences can be tragic. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) works to maintain a high level of safety through an effective safety oversight system. Keys to this system are to: (1) establish programs that focus resou...
Aviation Safety: System Safety Approach Needs Further Integration into FAA's Oversight of Airlines
GAO-05-726: Published: Sep 28, 2005. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 2005.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) uses the Air Transportation Oversight System (ATOS), which was developed around the principles of system safety, to oversee seven "legacy airlines" and nine other airlines. In this report, we refer to airlines that are not in ATOS as non-legacy airlines. Two other processes are used to oversee 99 non-legacy passenger airlines, which represent a fast-growin...