Safety regulation (61 - 70 of 154 items)
Aviation Security: Efforts to Measure Effectiveness and Strengthen Security Programs
GAO-04-285T: Published: Nov 20, 2003. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 2003.
Commercial aviation has been a long-standing target for terrorists. Since the tragic attacts of September 11, 2001, substantial changes have been made to enhance security--including the creation of the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and the federalization of the passenger screener workforce. However, despite these changes, vulnerabilities in aviation security continue to exist. Accor...
Aviation Safety: Advancements Being Pursued to Improve Airliner Cabin Occupant Safety and Health
GAO-04-33: Published: Oct 3, 2003. Publicly Released: Oct 17, 2003.
Airline travel is one of the safest modes of public transportation in the United States. Furthermore, there are survivors in the majority of airliner crashes, according to the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB). Additionally, more passengers might have survived if they had been better protected from the impact of the crash, smoke, or fire or better able to evacuate the airliner. As reques...
Transportation Security: Federal Action Needed to Enhance Security Efforts
GAO-03-1154T: Published: Sep 9, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2003.
The economic well being of the United States is dependent on the expeditious flow of people and goods through the transportation system. The attacks on September 11, 2001, illustrate the threats to and vulnerabilities of the transportation system. Prior to September 11, the Department of Transportation (DOT) had primary responsibility for the security of the transportation system. In the wake of S...
Highway Safety: Factors Contributing to Traffic Crashes and NHTSA's Efforts to Address Them
GAO-03-730T: Published: May 22, 2003. Publicly Released: May 22, 2003.
From 1975 through 2002, annual traffic fatalities decreased from 44,525 to 42,850, while the rate of fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles traveled decreased from 3.35 to 1.51. However, decreases in fatalities have leveled off since the early 1990s. Since 1999, the number of alcohol-related fatalities has risen. In 1998, the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century funded a series of high...
Transportation Security: Post-September 11th Initiatives and Long-Term Challenges
GAO-03-616T: Published: Apr 1, 2003. Publicly Released: Apr 1, 2003.
This testimony responds to the request of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States for information on GAO's work in transportation security. It addresses (1) transportation security before September 2001; (2) what the federal government has done since September 11th to strengthen transportation security, particularly aviation, mass transit, and port security; and (3) wha...
Aviation Safety: FAA Needs to Update Curriculum and Certification Requirements for Aviation Mechanics
GAO-03-317: Published: Mar 6, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 18, 2003.
The safety of millions of airline passengers depends in part on aviation mechanics--known as A&P mechanics--that are certified to inspect, service, and repair the aircraft's body (airframe) and/or engine (powerplant). The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) establishes the requirements to become certified as an A&P mechanic. Concerns have been raised in the aviation industry about having a suffi...
Aviation Safety: Undeclared Air Shipments of Dangerous Goods and DOT's Enforcement Approach
GAO-03-22: Published: Jan 10, 2003. Publicly Released: Jan 15, 2003.
When shipments of dangerous goods (hazardous chemical substances that could endanger public safety or the environment, such as flammable liquids or radioactive materials) are not properly packaged and labeled for air transport, they can pose significant threats because there is little room for error when something goes wrong in flight. To better understand the risks posed by improper ("undeclared"...
Mass Transit: Challenges in Securing Transit Systems
GAO-02-1075T: Published: Sep 18, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 2002.
Over a year has passed since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, realigned national priorities. Although most of the early attention following the attacks focused on airport security, emphasis on the other modes of transportation has since grown. Addressing transit safety and security concerns is complicated by the nature and scope of transit in the United States. About 6,000 agencies pro...
Pipeline Safety: Status of Improving Oversight of the Pipeline Industry
GAO-02-517T: Published: Mar 19, 2002. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 2002.
The Office of Pipeline Safety (OPS) oversees 2.2 million miles of pipelines that transport potentially dangerous materials, such as oil and natural gas. OPS has been slow to improve its oversight of the pipeline industry and implement critical pipeline safety improvements. As a result, OPS has the lowest rate of any transportation agency for implementing the recommendations of the National Transpo...
Air Traffic Control: FAA Enhanced the Controller-in-Charge Program, but More Comprehensive Evaluation is Needed
GAO-02-55: Published: Oct 31, 2001. Publicly Released: Nov 13, 2001.
Each day, nearly two million passengers on 25,000 flights depend on the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) Air Traffic Control (ATC) system to safely reach their destinations. Because the ATC system requires thousands of controllers, each of whom typically manages just a section of airspace or one aspect of an aircraft's takeoff or landing, FAA depends on supervisors to monitor air traffic op...