Rail transit safety (21 - 30 of 92 items)
Large Truck Safety: Federal Enforcement Efforts Have Been Stronger Since 2000, but Oversight of State Grants Needs Improvement
GAO-06-156: Published: Dec 15, 2005. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2005.
About 5,000 people die and more than 120,000 are injured each year from crashes involving large trucks. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) has several enforcement programs to improve truck safety and funds similar enforcement programs in states through its Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program (MCSAP). Following concern by Congress and others in 1999 that FMCSA's enforcement...
Highway Safety: Further Opportunities Exist to Improve Data on Crashes Involving Commercial Motor Vehicles
GAO-06-102: Published: Nov 18, 2005. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 2005.
Large trucks make up 3 percent of the nation's registered vehicles, but they were involved in 11 percent of all fatal crashes in 2003. To reduce the fatality rate, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) sets national safety goals and works in partnership with states to reach them. Crash data collected by states and submitted to FMCSA is key to these efforts, and to be fully useful...
Aviation Safety: Oversight of Foreign Code-Share Safety Program Should Be Strengthened
GAO-05-930: Published: Aug 5, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2005.
U.S. airlines are increasingly relying on code-share partnerships with foreign carriers to provide additional sources of revenue. Code-sharing is a marketing arrangement in which an airline places its designator code on a flight operated by another airline and sells and issues tickets for that flight. To determine whether the foreign code-share partners of U.S. airlines meet an acceptable level of...
Vehicle Safety: Opportunities Exist to Enhance NHTSA's New Car Assessment Program
GAO-05-370: Published: Apr 29, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 2005.
In 2003, 42,643 people were killed and more than 2.8 million people were injured in motor vehicle crashes. Efforts to reduce fatalities on the nation's roadways include the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration's (NHTSA) New Car Assessment Program. Under this program, NHTSA conducts vehicle crash and rollover tests to encourage manufacturers to make safety improvements to new vehic...
Aviation Safety: FAA Needs to Strengthen the Management of Its Designee Programs
GAO-05-40: Published: Oct 8, 2004. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2004.
The safety of the flying public and the reliability of the nation's aircraft depend, in part, on the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) regulation and certification of the aviation industry. FAA delegates the vast majority of its safety certification activities to about 13,600 private persons and organizations, known as "designees," which are currently grouped into 18 different programs. Amon...
Pipeline Safety: Management of the Office of Pipeline Safety's Enforcement Program Needs Further Strengthening
GAO-04-801: Published: Jul 23, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 2004.
While pipelines are inherently safer to the public than other modes of freight transportation, pipeline accidents involving natural gas and hazardous liquids (such as gasoline) can have serious consequences. For example, a natural gas pipeline ruptured near Carlsbad, New Mexico, in 2000, killed 12 people, and resulted in $1 million in damages or losses. The Office of Pipeline Safety (OPS) administ...
Aviation Safety: Advancements Being Pursued to Improve Airliner Cabin Occupant Safety and Health
GAO-04-33: Published: Oct 3, 2003. Publicly Released: Oct 17, 2003.
Airline travel is one of the safest modes of public transportation in the United States. Furthermore, there are survivors in the majority of airliner crashes, according to the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB). Additionally, more passengers might have survived if they had been better protected from the impact of the crash, smoke, or fire or better able to evacuate the airliner. As reques...
Aviation Safety: Information on FAA's Data on Operational Errors At Air Traffic Control Towers
GAO-03-1175R: Published: Sep 23, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 2003.
A fundamental principle of aviation safety is the need to maintain adequate separation between aircraft and to ensure that aircraft maintain a safe distance from terrain, obstructions, and airspace that is not designated for routine air travel. Air traffic controllers employ separation rules and procedures that define safe separation in the air and on the ground.1 An operational error occurs when...
Rail Safety and Security: Some Actions Already Taken to Enhance Rail Security, but Risk-based Plan Needed
GAO-03-435: Published: Apr 30, 2003. Publicly Released: May 23, 2003.
In the wake of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, concerns have been raised that the nation's shipments of hazardous materials by rail may be vulnerable to terrorist attack. Millions of tons of hazardous materials are shipped yearly across the United States. Serious incidents involving these materials have the potential to cause widespread disruption or injury. GAO was asked to examine r...
Aviation Safety: FAA Needs to Update Curriculum and Certification Requirements for Aviation Mechanics
GAO-03-317: Published: Mar 6, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 18, 2003.
The safety of millions of airline passengers depends in part on aviation mechanics--known as A&P mechanics--that are certified to inspect, service, and repair the aircraft's body (airframe) and/or engine (powerplant). The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) establishes the requirements to become certified as an A&P mechanic. Concerns have been raised in the aviation industry about having a suffi...