Transportation safety (121 - 130 of 546 items)
Air Traffic Control: Characteristics and Performance of Selected International Air Navigation Service Providers and Lessons Learned from Their Commercialization
GAO-05-769: Published: Jul 29, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2005.
In the past, governments worldwide owned, operated, and regulated air navigation services, viewing air traffic control as a governmental function. But as nations faced increasing financial strains, many governments decided to shift the responsibility to an independent air navigation service provider (ANSP) that operates as a business. As of March 2005, 38 nations worldwide had commercialized their...
Federal Aviation Administration: Stronger Architecture Program Needed to Guide Systems Modernization Efforts
GAO-05-266: Published: Apr 29, 2005. Publicly Released: May 31, 2005.
The Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) mission is to promote the safe, orderly, and expeditious flow of air traffic in the U.S. airspace system. To this end, FAA is modernizing its air traffic control systems, a multibillion dollar effort that GAO has designated as a high-risk program. GAO's research into the practices of successful public- and private-sector organizations has shown that deve...
Vehicle Safety: Opportunities Exist to Enhance NHTSA's New Car Assessment Program
GAO-05-370: Published: Apr 29, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 2005.
In 2003, 42,643 people were killed and more than 2.8 million people were injured in motor vehicle crashes. Efforts to reduce fatalities on the nation's roadways include the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration's (NHTSA) New Car Assessment Program. Under this program, NHTSA conducts vehicle crash and rollover tests to encourage manufacturers to make safety improvements to new vehic...
Transportation Security: Systematic Planning Needed to Optimize Resources
GAO-05-357T: Published: Feb 15, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 15, 2005.
Critical transportation systems crisscross the nation and extend beyond our borders to move millions of passengers and tons of freight each day, making them both attractive targets to terrorists and difficult to secure. Securing these systems is further complicated by the need to balance security with the expeditious flow of people and goods through these systems. The Transportation Security Admin...
Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs to Ensure Better Coordination When Approving Air Traffic Control Systems
GAO-05-11: Published: Nov 17, 2004. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2004.
The Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) process for ensuring that air traffic control (ATC) systems will operate safely in the national airspace system is an integral part of the agency's multibillion-dollar ATC modernization and safety effort. GAO was asked to review (1) FAA's process for approving ATC systems for safe use in the national airspace system; (2) challenges FAA has faced approvin...
Aviation Safety: FAA Needs to Strengthen the Management of Its Designee Programs
GAO-05-40: Published: Oct 8, 2004. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2004.
The safety of the flying public and the reliability of the nation's aircraft depend, in part, on the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) regulation and certification of the aviation industry. FAA delegates the vast majority of its safety certification activities to about 13,600 private persons and organizations, known as "designees," which are currently grouped into 18 different programs. Amon...
Transportation Security R&D: TSA and DHS Are Researching and Developing Technologies, but Need to Improve R&D Management
GAO-04-890: Published: Sep 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2004.
Conducting research and development (R&D) on technologies for detecting, preventing, and mitigating terrorist threats is vital to enhancing the security of the nation's transportation system. Following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, Congress enacted legislation to strengthen homeland security, in part by enhancing R&D. The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and the Department...
Pipeline Safety: Management of the Office of Pipeline Safety's Enforcement Program Needs Further Strengthening
GAO-04-801: Published: Jul 23, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 2004.
While pipelines are inherently safer to the public than other modes of freight transportation, pipeline accidents involving natural gas and hazardous liquids (such as gasoline) can have serious consequences. For example, a natural gas pipeline ruptured near Carlsbad, New Mexico, in 2000, killed 12 people, and resulted in $1 million in damages or losses. The Office of Pipeline Safety (OPS) administ...
Pipeline Safety: Preliminary Information on the Office of Pipeline Safety's Actions to Strengthen Its Enforcement Program
GAO-04-985T: Published: Jul 20, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 20, 2004.
Interstate pipelines carrying natural gas and hazardous liquids (such as petroleum products) are safer to the public than other modes of freight transportation. The Office of Pipeline Safety (OPS), the federal agency that administers the national regulatory program to ensure safe pipeline transportation, has been undertaking a broad range of activities to make pipeline transportation safer. Howeve...
Aviation Safety: Better Management Controls are Needed to Improve FAA's Safety Enforcement and Compliance Efforts
GAO-04-646: Published: Jul 6, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 2004.
The safety of the nation's flying public depends, in large part, on the aviation industry's compliance with safety regulations and the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) enforcement of those regulations when violations occur. FAA attempts to gain the industry's compliance through enforcement tools, including levying fines and suspending or revoking operating certificates, and partnership prog...