Transportation safety (91 - 100 of 545 items)
Aviation Runway and Ramp Safety: Sustained Efforts to Address Leadership, Technology, and Other Challenges Needed to Reduce Accidents and Incidents
GAO-08-29: Published: Nov 20, 2007. Publicly Released: Dec 5, 2007.
While aviation accidents in the United States are relatively infrequent, recent incidents have heightened concerns about safety on airport runways and ramps. As the nation's aviation system becomes more crowded every day, increased congestion at airports may exacerbate ground safety concerns. To safely handle the anticipated larger volumes of air traffic, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)...
Motor Carrier Safety: Preliminary Information on Challenges to Ensuring the Integrity of Drug Testing Programs
GAO-08-220T: Published: Nov 1, 2007. Publicly Released: Nov 1, 2007.
Crashes involving commercial motor carriers, including trucks and buses, account for 13 percent of all highway deaths each year. While illegal drug use is not among the most frequently cited factors associated with large truck crashes; studies show that the use of illegal drugs, such as marijuana, heroin, or cocaine, can severely impair driving ability. Since 1988, federal regulations have require...
Transportation Security: Efforts to Strengthen Aviation and Surface Transportation Security are Under Way, but Challenges Remain
GAO-08-140T: Published: Oct 16, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 16, 2007.
Within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Transportation Security Administration's (TSA) mission is to protect the nation's transportation network. Since its inception in 2001, TSA has developed and implemented a variety of programs and procedures to secure commercial aviation and surface modes of transportation, including passenger and freight rail, mass transit, highways, commercial...
Highlights of a Forum: Transforming Transportation Policy for the 21st Century
GAO-07-1210SP: Published: Sep 19, 2007. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 2007.
The nation's economic vitality and the quality of life of its citizens depend significantly on the security, availability, and dependability of its transportation network. The nation's transportation network presents particularly complex policy challenges, because it encompasses many modes on systems owned, funded, and operated by both the public and the private sectors. As the August collapse of...
Motor Carrier Safety: Federal Safety Agency Identifies Many High-Risk Carriers but Does Not Assess Maximum Fines as Often as Required by Law
GAO-07-584: Published: Aug 28, 2007. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2007.
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) has the primary federal responsibility for reducing crashes involving large trucks and buses. FMCSA uses its "SafeStat" tool to target carriers for reviews of their compliance with the agency's safety regulations based on their crash rates and safety violations. As requested, this study reports on (1) the extent to which FMCSA's policy for pr...
Very Light Jets: Several Factors Could Influence Their Effect on the National Airspace System
GAO-07-1001: Published: Aug 24, 2007. Publicly Released: Aug 24, 2007.
For several years, a number of aviation manufacturers have been designing and testing very light jets, a type of small jet aircraft equipped with advanced technologies and priced below other business jets. Aviation forecasters predict that thousands of very light jets will enter the National Airspace System (NAS) over the next two decades, contributing to the overall growth of the general aviation...
National Transportation Safety Board: Observations on the Draft Business Plan for NTSB's Training Center
GAO-07-886R: Published: Jun 14, 2007. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 2007.
The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) opened a training center in 2003 to train its investigators and others from the transportation community on accident investigation techniques. As GAO reported last year, NTSB's training center is not cost-effective, as its revenues, when combined with the external training costs NTSB staff avoid by using the center, do not cover its costs. In fact, i...
Unified Motor Carrier Fee System: Progress Made but Challenges to Implementing New System Remain
GAO-07-771R: Published: May 25, 2007. Publicly Released: May 25, 2007.
The congressionally established unified carrier fee system was not implemented before its predecessor, the Single State Registration System, expired thereby preventing states from collecting fees from for-hire motor carriers and other related entities. The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) mandated that a new unified carrier fee syste...
Rail Safety: The Federal Railroad Administration Is Better Targeting Safety Risks, but Needs to Assess Results to Determine the Impact of Its Efforts
GAO-07-841T: Published: May 22, 2007. Publicly Released: May 22, 2007.
Although the overall safety record in the railroad industry, as measured by the number of train accidents per million miles traveled, has improved markedly since 1980, there has been little sustained improvement over the past decade. Serious accidents resulting in injuries and deaths continue to occur, such as one in Graniteville, South Carolina, in 2005 that resulted in 9 deaths and 292 injuries...
Commercial Aviation: Potential Safety and Capacity Issues Associated with the Introduction of the New A380 Aircraft
GAO-07-483: Published: Apr 20, 2007. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2007.
Airbus S.A.S. (Airbus), a European aircraft manufacturer, is introducing a new aircraft designated as the A380, which is expected to enter service in late 2007. The A380 will be the largest passenger aircraft in the world, with a wingspan of about 262 feet, a tail fin reaching 80 feet high, and a maximum takeoff weight of 1.2 million pounds. The A380 has a double deck and could seat up to 853 pass...