Highway safety (1 - 10 of 83 items)
Highway Safety: More Robust DOT Oversight of Guardrails and Other Roadside Hardware Could Further Enhance Safety
GAO-16-575: Published: Jun 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2016.
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) oversees and promotes states' installation of crash-tested roadside safety hardware through guidance and policy directives to states and by issuing letters to roadside safety hardware developers that provide states with information on roadside safety hardware that has been crash tested. States that responded to our survey generally stated they require cras...
Vehicle Safety Inspections: Improved DOT Communication Could Better Inform State Programs
GAO-15-705: Published: Aug 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 25, 2015.
According to officials GAO interviewed from 15 state vehicle safety inspection programs, these programs enhance vehicle safety; however, the benefits and costs of such programs are difficult to quantify. State officials told GAO that inspections help identify vehicles with safety problems and result in repair or removal of unsafe vehicles from the roads. For example, Pennsylvania state data show t...
Auto Safety: Status of NHTSA's Redesign of Its Crashworthiness Data System
GAO-15-334: Published: Mar 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 2015.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) followed a reasonable process for redesigning the National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS), which is a nationally representative sample of police-reported motor-vehicle traffic crashes. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has standards and guidelines that specify the professional principles and pract...
Motor Carrier Safety: Improvements to Data-Driven Oversight Could Better Target High Risk Carriers
GAO-15-433T: Published: Mar 4, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 2015.
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) has taken steps toward better oversight of motor carriers by establishing the Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA) and chameleon carrier vetting programs; however, FMCSA could improve its oversight to better target high risk carriers. The CSA program oversees carriers' safety performance through roadside inspections and crash investigatio...
Transportation Safety: Federal Highway Administration Should Conduct Research to Determine Best Practices in Permitting Oversize Vehicles
GAO-15-236: Published: Feb 26, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 2015.
The Department of Transportation's (DOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has established some federal vehicle size and weight requirements and oversees some state activities. Based on current legislation, FHWA has established rules and regulations for vehicle width, truck trailer length, and vehicle weight standards for certain federal-aid highways aimed at protecting highways and bridges fr...
Drug-Impaired Driving: Additional Support Needed for Public Awareness Initiatives
GAO-15-293: Published: Feb 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 2015.
Various state and national-level data sources—including surveys, arrest data, drug-testing results, and crash data—provide limited information on the extent of drugged and drug-impaired driving in the United States. For example, based on preliminary results from a representative sample of weekend-nighttime and Friday daytime drivers, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA)...
Surface Transportation: DOT Is Progressing toward a Performance-Based Approach, but States and Grantees Report Potential Implementation Challenges
GAO-15-217: Published: Jan 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 16, 2015.
The Department of Transportation (DOT) has made progress moving toward a national performance-based approach since the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) was enacted in July 2012. DOT has undertaken extensive outreach efforts with states and other grantees and is developing nine rules that, among other things, are to establish national performance measures, and target-setti...
Highway Trust Fund: DOT Has Opportunities to Improve Tracking and Reporting of Highway Spending
GAO-15-33: Published: Oct 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 9, 2014.
In fiscal year 2013, operating administrations within the Department of Transportation (DOT) collected and reported some information on the types of activities and administrative expenses funded from the Highway Trust Fund, but did so with varying levels of detail. The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) obligated about $41 billion in fiscal year 2013, most of which ($39 billion) was apportioned...
Highway Trust Fund Obligations, Fiscal Years 2009 to 2011
GAO-13-193R: Published: Jan 16, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 16, 2013.
During fiscal years 2009 through 2011, four administrations within DOT obligated about $144 billion from the HTF. FHWA obligated the largest share--about 81 percent--of this total, specifically:FHWA obligated $116.7 billion from the HTF. A majority--about 81 percent--was obligated to construct and maintain highways and bridges. The remainder was obligated for other purposes such as safety, debt se...
Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts Related to Accidents That Involve Non-Commercial Vehicles Carrying Unsecured Loads
GAO-13-24: Published: Nov 15, 2012. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2012.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) collects limited information on crashes involving vehicles carrying unsecured loads but plans to make changes to collect better information. Currently, NHTSA collects some data in the Fatality Analysis Reporting System and the National Automotive Sampling System General Estimates System. However, the systems do not currently have a data ca...