Federal aid for highways (31 - 40 of 159 items)
Highway Safety: Preliminary Observations on Efforts to Implement Changes in the Highway Safety Improvement Program Since SAFETEA-LU
GAO-08-1015T: Published: Jul 17, 2008. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2008.
About 43,000 traffic fatalities occur annually, and another 290,000 people are seriously injured on the nation's roads. To reduce these numbers, the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) nearly doubled funding for the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP), authorizing $5.1 billion for 2006 throu...
Traffic Safety: NHTSA's Improved Oversight Could Identify Opportunities to Strengthen Management and Safety in Some States
GAO-08-788: Published: Jul 14, 2008. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2008.
Traffic crashes kill thousands of Americans every year--in 2005, it was the leading cause of death among young Americans. To try to improve highway safety, Congress authorized a grant program overseen by the Department of Transportation's (DOT) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). In 2003, GAO recommended that NHTSA improve the consistency of its management reviews, a key aspect...
Surface Transportation: Principles Can Guide Efforts to Restructure and Fund Federal Programs
GAO-08-744T: Published: Jul 10, 2008. Publicly Released: Jul 10, 2008.
The nation has reached a critical juncture with its current surface transportation policies and programs. Demand has outpaced the capacity of the system, resulting in increased congestion. In addition, without significant changes in funding levels or planned spending, the Highway Trust Fund--the major source of federal highway and transit funding-- is projected to incur significant deficits in the...
Highways and Environment: Transportation Agencies Are Acting to Involve Others in Planning and Environmental Decisions
GAO-08-512R: Published: Apr 25, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 2008.
Meeting the nation's mobility needs requires constructing, improving, and repairing roads and bridges. However, these actions can have serious environmental impacts, such as harming water quality and wildlife and their habitats. The federal government's policy is to carry out federally funded highway projects in an environmentally responsible manner, as directed by the National Environmental Polic...
Highway and Transit Investments: Flexible Funding Supports State and Local Transportation Priorities and Multimodal Planning
GAO-07-772: Published: Jul 26, 2007. Publicly Released: Jul 26, 2007.
The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 introduced two highway programs--the Surface Transportation Program (STP) and the Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Program (CMAQ)--that may be used on both highway and transit projects and that are referred to as "flexible funding" for the purposes of this report. GAO was asked to examine (1) the degree to which STP and CMAQ funding...
Highway Emergency Relief: Reexamination Needed to Address Fiscal Imbalance and Long-term Sustainability
GAO-07-245: Published: Feb 23, 2007. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 2007.
Since 1972, Congress has authorized $100 million a year for highway disaster recovery needs through the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) Emergency Relief (ER) program. Increasingly, the program's actual costs have exceeded this amount, and Congress has provided additional funding. Because of this fiscal imbalance between program funding and program needs, we reviewed ER under the Comptrolle...
Highway Finance: States' Expanding Use of Tolling Illustrates Diverse Challenges and Strategies
GAO-06-554: Published: Jun 28, 2006. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2006.
Congestion is increasing rapidly across the nation and freight traffic is expected to almost double in 20 years. In many places, decision makers cannot simply build their way out of congestion, and traditional revenue sources may not be sustainable. As the baby boom generation retires and the costs of federal entitlement programs rise, sustained, large-scale increases in federal highway grants see...
Highway Trust Fund: Overview of Highway Trust Fund Estimates
GAO-06-572T: Published: Apr 4, 2006. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 2006.
The Highway Trust Fund is the principal mechanism for funding federal highway and transit programs through receipts from excise taxes charged to highway users, such as taxes on motor fuels. The Department of Treasury (Treasury) and the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) each prepare estimates of future receipts for the Highway Trust Fund semiannually. Treasury's receipt estimates are combined with...
Highlights of an Expert Panel: The Benefits and Costs of Highway and Transit Investments
GAO-05-423SP: Published: May 6, 2005. Publicly Released: May 6, 2005.
The nation's economy and its citizens' quality of life depend on our transportation system. While all government levels have made significant investments in transportation, projections of future passenger and freight travel indicate that considerable investment will be needed to maintain the system. However, this comes amid growing concern about the size of the federal budget deficit and increasin...
Federal-Aid Highways: FHWA Needs a Comprehensive Approach to Improving Project Oversight
GAO-05-173: Published: Jan 31, 2005. Publicly Released: Jan 31, 2005.
The federal-aid highway program provides over $25 billion a year to states for highway and bridge projects, often paying 80 percent of these projects' costs. The federal government provides funding for and oversees this program, while states largely choose and manage the projects. Ensuring that states effectively control the cost and schedule performance of these projects is essential to ensuring...