Industrial safety (1 - 10 of 18 items)
Train Braking: DOT's Rulemaking on Electronically Controlled Pneumatic Brakes Could Benefit from Additional Data and Transparency
GAO-17-122: Published: Oct 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 2016.
DOT based estimates of the business benefits of electronically controlled pneumatic (ECP) brakes on limited data, in part, because railroads that have used ECP brakes to date have shared limited data on their use. ECP brakes provide an electronic brake signal instantaneously throughout the train, allowing train cars to brake faster than with conventional air brakes. In supporting the May 2015 rule...
Federal Aviation Administration: Commercial Space Launch Industry Developments Present Multiple Challenges
GAO-15-706: Published: Aug 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2015.
During the last decade, U.S. companies conducted fewer orbital launches in total than companies in Russia or Europe, which are among their main foreign competitors. However, the U.S. commercial space launch industry has expanded recently. In 2014, U.S. companies conducted 11 orbital launches, compared with none in 2011. In addition, in 2014, U.S. companies conducted more orbital launches than comp...
Motor Carrier Safety: Improvements to Data-Driven Oversight Could Better Target High Risk Carriers
GAO-15-433T: Published: Mar 4, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 2015.
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) has taken steps toward better oversight of motor carriers by establishing the Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA) and chameleon carrier vetting programs; however, FMCSA could improve its oversight to better target high risk carriers. The CSA program oversees carriers' safety performance through roadside inspections and crash investigatio...
Federal Vehicle Collisions and Aftermarket Collision Avoidance Technologies
GAO-14-408R: Published: Apr 24, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 2014.
Limited data are available on federal vehicle accidents and their associated costs. Available data sources do not allow for a comprehensive measurement of either the number of accidents involving federally owned or leased vehicles or the associated costs. Data on the number of accidents involving vehicles leased from the General Services Administration (GSA), representing about 29 percent of the f...
Federal Motor Carrier Safety: Modifying the Compliance, Safety, Accountability Program Would Improve the Ability to Identify High Risk Carriers
GAO-14-114: Published: Feb 3, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 3, 2014.
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's (FMCSA) Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA) program has helped the agency contact or investigate more motor carrier companies that own commercial trucks and buses and has provided a range of safety benefits to safety officials, law enforcement, and the industry than the previous approach, SafeStat. Specifically, from fiscal year 2007 to fiscal...
Pipeline Safety: Better Data and Guidance Could Improve Operators' Responses to Incidents
GAO-13-284T: Published: Jan 28, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 28, 2013.
Numerous variables--some of which are under operators' control--influence the ability of transmission pipeline operators to respond to incidents. For example, the location of response personnel and the use of manual or automated valves can affect the amount of time it takes for operators to respond to incidents. However, because the advantages and disadvantages of installing an automated valve are...
Pipeline Safety: Better Data and Guidance Needed to Improve Pipeline Operator Incident Response
GAO-13-168: Published: Jan 23, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 2013.
The Department of Transportation's (DOT) Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) has an opportunity to improve the ability of pipeline operators to respond to incidents by developing a performance-based approach for incident response times. The ability of transmission pipeline operators to respond to incidents--such as leaks and ruptures--is affected by numerous variables, s...
General Aviation Safety: Additional FAA Efforts Could Help Identify and Mitigate Safety Risks
GAO-13-36: Published: Oct 4, 2012. Publicly Released: Oct 4, 2012.
The number of nonfatal and fatal general aviation accidents decreased from 1999 through 2011; more than 200 fatal accidents occurred in each of those years. Airplanesparticularly single-engine piston airplanesflying personal operations were most often involved in accidents. Most general aviation accidents are attributed to pilot error and involved a loss of aircraft control. Some segments of t...
Commercial Space Transportation: Industry Trends and Key Issues Affecting Federal Oversight and International Competitiveness
GAO-11-629T: Published: May 5, 2011. Publicly Released: May 5, 2011.
Since GAO reported on the commercial space launch industry in 2006 and 2009, the industry has evolved and moved further toward space tourism. Commercial space tourism promises to make human space travel available to the public for the first time. In addition, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) plans to use private companies to transport cargo, and eventually personnel, to the...
Aviation Safety: Certification and Approval Processes Are Generally Viewed as Working Well, but Better Evaluative Information Needed to Improve Efficiency
GAO-11-14: Published: Oct 7, 2010. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 2010.
Among its responsibilities for aviation safety, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) issues thousands of certificates and approvals annually. These certificates and approvals, which FAA bases on its interpretation of federal standards, indicate that such things as new aircraft, the design and production of aircraft parts and equipment, and new air operators are safe for use in the national ai...