Drugs (1 - 8 of 8 items)
Drug-Impaired Driving: Additional Support Needed for Public Awareness Initiatives
GAO-15-293: Published: Feb 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 2015.
Various state and national-level data sources—including surveys, arrest data, drug-testing results, and crash data—provide limited information on the extent of drugged and drug-impaired driving in the United States. For example, based on preliminary results from a representative sample of weekend-nighttime and Friday daytime drivers, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA)...
Highway Safety: Selected Cases of Commercial Drivers with Potentially Disqualifying Impairments
GAO-13-13: Published: Nov 30, 2012. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 2012.
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), part of the Department of Transportation (DOT), has established a number of key controls designed to prevent commercial drivers license (CDL) holders from operating commercial vehicles while impaired. First, drivers are required to undergo regular medical exams by a certified medical examiner. Second, employers are responsible for drug...
Examples of Job Hopping by Commercial Drivers After Failing Drug Tests
GAO-08-829R: Published: Jun 30, 2008. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2008.
Millions of American drivers hold commercial driver's licenses (CDL), allowing them to operate a variety of commercial vehicles, such as school buses, cargo vans, and tractor trailers. While most commercial drivers do not test positive for drugs and alcohol, Department of Transportation (DOT) data show that each year from 1994 through 2005, from 1.3 percent to 2.8 percent of truck drivers tested p...
Motor Carrier Safety: Improvements to Drug Testing Programs Could Better Identify Illegal Drug Users and Keep Them off the Road
GAO-08-600: Published: May 15, 2008. Publicly Released: May 21, 2008.
Federal law requires commercial drivers to submit urine specimens for drug testing. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) is responsible for ensuring that motor carriers comply with these regulations. Recent reports have raised concerns that some drivers may not be tested, some may be tested but avoid detection, and some may test positive but continue to drive. GAO was asked to l...
Aviation Security: Further Steps Needed to Strengthen the Security of Commercial Airport Perimeters and Access Controls
GAO-04-728: Published: Jun 4, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 2004.
In the 2 years since passage of the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA), the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has primarily focused its efforts on improving aviation security through enhanced passenger and baggage screening. The act also contained provisions directing TSA to take actions to improve the security of airport perimeters, access controls, and airport workers. GA...
Aviation Safety: Conditions Within the Air Traffic Control Work Force
RCED-89-113FS: Published: Apr 24, 1989. Publicly Released: May 25, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided the results of its 1988 questionnaire of air traffic controllers, supervisors, and facility managers on air traffic issues facing the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), including work load, staffing, overtime, training, morale, and system safety. GAO compared the 1988 responses with those of its 1985 survey.GAO found that controllers generally...
State Department: Problems in the Diplomatic Courier System
NSIAD-89-39: Published: Feb 6, 1989. Publicly Released: Feb 6, 1989.
GAO reviewed the Department of State's diplomatic courier pouch system to assess what problems the system experienced in its efforts to provide timely and secure delivery service.GAO found that: (1) shipment of large, bulky items strained the capability of the pouch system; (2) the volume more than doubled over 5 years; (3) system breakdowns included inadequate or late transportation, trucks witho...
Applicability of the Vacancies Act
B-202893: Published: Jun 17, 1981. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 1981.
The opinion of GAO was requested as to the applicability of the Vacancies Act to the agencies and the vacant positions which are subject to appointment by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and as to the effect on actions by these agencies which are taken by persons who are serving in an acting capacity for more than 30 days. The Vacancies Act provides methods for the...