Transportation safety (21 - 30 of 108 items)
Runway Safety: Progress on Reducing Runway Incursions Impeded by Leadership, Technology, and Other Challenges
GAO-08-481T: Published: Feb 13, 2008. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 2008.
While aviation accidents in the United States are relatively infrequent, recent incidents have heightened concerns about safety on airport runways. As the nation's aviation system becomes more crowded every day, increased congestion at airports may exacerbate ground safety concerns. This statement discusses (1) the trends in runway incursions, (2) what FAA has done to improve runway safety, and (3...
Aviation Runway and Ramp Safety: Sustained Efforts to Address Leadership, Technology, and Other Challenges Needed to Reduce Accidents and Incidents
GAO-08-29: Published: Nov 20, 2007. Publicly Released: Dec 5, 2007.
While aviation accidents in the United States are relatively infrequent, recent incidents have heightened concerns about safety on airport runways and ramps. As the nation's aviation system becomes more crowded every day, increased congestion at airports may exacerbate ground safety concerns. To safely handle the anticipated larger volumes of air traffic, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)...
Transportation Security: Efforts to Strengthen Aviation and Surface Transportation Security are Under Way, but Challenges Remain
GAO-08-140T: Published: Oct 16, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 16, 2007.
Within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Transportation Security Administration's (TSA) mission is to protect the nation's transportation network. Since its inception in 2001, TSA has developed and implemented a variety of programs and procedures to secure commercial aviation and surface modes of transportation, including passenger and freight rail, mass transit, highways, commercial...
Very Light Jets: Several Factors Could Influence Their Effect on the National Airspace System
GAO-07-1001: Published: Aug 24, 2007. Publicly Released: Aug 24, 2007.
For several years, a number of aviation manufacturers have been designing and testing very light jets, a type of small jet aircraft equipped with advanced technologies and priced below other business jets. Aviation forecasters predict that thousands of very light jets will enter the National Airspace System (NAS) over the next two decades, contributing to the overall growth of the general aviation...
Commercial Aviation: Potential Safety and Capacity Issues Associated with the Introduction of the New A380 Aircraft
GAO-07-483: Published: Apr 20, 2007. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2007.
Airbus S.A.S. (Airbus), a European aircraft manufacturer, is introducing a new aircraft designated as the A380, which is expected to enter service in late 2007. The A380 will be the largest passenger aircraft in the world, with a wingspan of about 262 feet, a tail fin reaching 80 feet high, and a maximum takeoff weight of 1.2 million pounds. The A380 has a double deck and could seat up to 853 pass...
Aviation Safety: FAA's Safety Efforts Generally Strong but Face Challenges
GAO-06-1091T: Published: Sep 20, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2006.
The U.S. commercial aviation industry has had an extraordinary safety record in recent years. However, expected increases in air-traffic--including the introduction of new vehicles into the national airspace, such as unmanned vehicles and very light jets--and human resource issues, present challenges that have the potential to strain the existing safety oversight system. GAO's testimony focuses on...
Aviation Security: Further Study of Safety and Effectiveness and Better Management Controls Needed If Air Carriers Resume Interest in Deploying Less-than-Lethal Weapons
GAO-06-475: Published: May 26, 2006. Publicly Released: Jun 13, 2006.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has authority to approve air carrier requests to deploy less-than-lethal weapons, including electric stun devices, onboard commercial aircraft to thwart an attack. Since the terrorist attacks of 2001, one air carrier received approval to deploy electric stun devices. To address concerns regarding reports of injuries after the use of these devices an...
Air Traffic Control: Characteristics and Performance of Selected International Air Navigation Service Providers and Lessons Learned from Their Commercialization
GAO-05-769: Published: Jul 29, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2005.
In the past, governments worldwide owned, operated, and regulated air navigation services, viewing air traffic control as a governmental function. But as nations faced increasing financial strains, many governments decided to shift the responsibility to an independent air navigation service provider (ANSP) that operates as a business. As of March 2005, 38 nations worldwide had commercialized their...
Federal Aviation Administration: Stronger Architecture Program Needed to Guide Systems Modernization Efforts
GAO-05-266: Published: Apr 29, 2005. Publicly Released: May 31, 2005.
The Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) mission is to promote the safe, orderly, and expeditious flow of air traffic in the U.S. airspace system. To this end, FAA is modernizing its air traffic control systems, a multibillion dollar effort that GAO has designated as a high-risk program. GAO's research into the practices of successful public- and private-sector organizations has shown that deve...
Aviation Security: Private Screening Contractors Have Little Flexibility to Implement Innovative Approaches
GAO-04-505T: Published: Apr 22, 2004. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 2004.
The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, resulted in fundamental changes in the way the United States screens airport passengers and their property. One of the most significant changes was the shift from using private screeners to using federal screeners at all but five commercial airports in the United States. These five airports are part of a pilot program, where private screeners perform sc...