Airline regulation (21 - 30 of 94 items)
Airline Deregulation: Reregulating the Airline Industry Would Likely Reverse Consumer Benefits and Not Save Airline Pensions
GAO-06-630: Published: Jun 9, 2006. Publicly Released: Jun 9, 2006.
The Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 phased out the government's control over fares and service and allowed market forces to determine the price and level of domestic airline service in the United States. The intent was to increase competition and thereby lead to lower fares and improved service. In 2005, GAO reported on the tenuous finances of some airlines that have led to bankruptcy and pension...
Commercial Aviation: Bankruptcy and Pension Problems Are Symptoms of Underlying Structural Issues
GAO-05-945: Published: Sep 30, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2005.
Since 2001 the U.S. airline industry has lost over $30 billion. Delta, Northwest, United, and US Airways have filed for bankruptcy, the latter two terminating and transferring their pension plans to the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC). The net claim on PBGC from these terminations was $9.7 billion; plan participants lost $5.3 billion in benefits (in constant 2005 dollars). Considerable...
Transatlantic Aviation: Effects of Easing Restrictions on U.S.-European Markets
GAO-04-835: Published: Jul 21, 2004. Publicly Released: Aug 20, 2004.
Transatlantic airline operations between the United States and European Union (EU) nations are currently governed by bilateral agreements that are specific to the United States and each EU country. Since 1992, the United States has signed so-called "Open Skies" agreements with 15 of the 25 EU countries. A "nationality clause" in each agreement allows only those airlines designated by the signatory...
Issues Relating to Foreign Investment and Control of U.S. Airlines
GAO-04-34R: Published: Oct 30, 2003. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2003.
In May 2003, the Bush Administration proposed amending the legislation that currently restricts foreign ownership of U.S. airlines, raising the allowable percentage of total foreign ownership of voting stock in U.S. airlines from 25 to 49 percent. The Department of Transportation (DOT) suggested that implementing this amendment could provide significant benefits to U.S. consumers and airlines, par...
Aviation Safety: Advancements Being Pursued to Improve Airliner Cabin Occupant Safety and Health
GAO-04-33: Published: Oct 3, 2003. Publicly Released: Oct 17, 2003.
Airline travel is one of the safest modes of public transportation in the United States. Furthermore, there are survivors in the majority of airliner crashes, according to the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB). Additionally, more passengers might have survived if they had been better protected from the impact of the crash, smoke, or fire or better able to evacuate the airliner. As reques...
Aviation Competition: Restricting Airline Ticketing Rules Unlikely to Help Consumers
GAO-01-831: Published: Jul 31, 2001. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2001.
Passengers on the same commercial airline flight may pay very different fares. This situation has led to dissatisfaction among some passengers who believe that airline ticketing practices are unfair. To reduce their cost of flying, some passengers have tried to use "hidden-city" and "back-to-back" ticketing. Hidden-city ticketing occurs when a passenger books a flight to one city but purposely dep...
Aviation Competition: Regional Jet Service Yet to Reach Many Small Communities
GAO-01-344: Published: Feb 14, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 16, 2001.
The increasing numbers of regional jets (RJ) in operation have provided U.S. air carriers with opportunities to serve new and existing markets. With predominantly 50-seat aircraft, the carriers have initiated service to many large and medium-large communities but have provided less service to smaller communities. Service to small communities--to which the airlines now mostly operate turboprop air...
Airline Competition: Issues Raised by Consolidation Proposals
GAO-01-402T: Published: Feb 7, 2001. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 2001.
In May 2000, United Airlines proposed to acquire US Airways and divest part of those assets to create a new airline to be called DC Air. More recently, American Airlines has proposed buying Trans World Airlines (TWA), along with certain assets from United. These proposals have raised questions about how such consolidation in the airline industry could affect competition in general and consumers i...
Aviation Competition: Issues Related to the Proposed United Airlines-US Airways Merger
GAO-01-212: Published: Dec 15, 2000. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2000.
In May 2000, two of the nation's largest airlines, United Airlines and US Airways, proposed merging. As part of the agreement, United and US Airways also proposed divesting some of the US Airways' assets at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport to create an airline to be known as DC Air. The Justice Department is now reviewing the proposal to determine if the merger would violate U.S. antitrus...
Airline Deregulation: Changes in Airfares and Service at Buffalo, New York
T-RCED-99-286: Published: Sep 20, 1999. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed changes in airfares and service quality at Buffalo Niagara International Airport since deregulation.GAO noted that: (1) most communities in the United States, including Buffalo, New York, have benefited from a decrease in average airfares since 1990; average airfares for passengers travelling to and from Buffalo are lower today than they were in 1...