Safety regulation (1 - 10 of 78 items)
Federal Aviation Administration: Preliminary Observations of Potential Air Traffic Control Restructuring Transition Issues
GAO-16-386R: Published: Feb 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 10, 2016.
Based on our literature review and preliminary discussions with experts, several transition issues would need to be addressed if the U.S. air traffic control (ATC) system were to be restructured, including transition issues related to determining the funding and finance structure of the new entity, transferring assets, separating the safety regulator from the ATC entity, mitigating potential impac...
Federal Aviation Administration: Commercial Space Launch Industry Developments Present Multiple Challenges
GAO-15-706: Published: Aug 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2015.
During the last decade, U.S. companies conducted fewer orbital launches in total than companies in Russia or Europe, which are among their main foreign competitors. However, the U.S. commercial space launch industry has expanded recently. In 2014, U.S. companies conducted 11 orbital launches, compared with none in 2011. In addition, in 2014, U.S. companies conducted more orbital launches than comp...
Aviation Certification: Issues Related to Domestic and Foreign Approval of U.S. Aviation Products
GAO-15-550T: Published: Apr 21, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 21, 2015.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has made progress in addressing the Certification Process and the Regulatory Consistency Committees' recommendations, but as GAO reported in January 2015, challenges remain that could affect successful implementation of FAA's planned actions.FAA is implementing 14 initiatives for addressing 6 certification process recommendations. According to an April 201...
Aviation Safety: FAA's Efforts to Implement Recommendations to Improve Certification and Regulatory Consistency Face Some Challenges
GAO-14-728T: Published: Jul 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 2014.
The Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) Aircraft Certification Service (Aircraft Certification) is responsible for addressing the certification and approval process recommendations, and has made progress. Aircraft Certification is implementing and has set milestones for completing 14 initiatives, several of which were originally begun as part of earlier certification process improvement effort...
Aviation Safety: Additional Oversight Planning by FAA Could Enhance Safety Risk Management
GAO-14-516: Published: Jun 25, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2014.
The Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) Air Traffic Organization completed Safety Management System (SMS) implementation in 2010, and five other FAA organizations are implementing it now. SMS is an approach to collect and analyze safety data to identify hazards, manage risks, and take corrective action before an accident occurs. FAA's implementation activities include developing internal SMS g...
General Aviation Safety: Additional FAA Efforts Could Help Identify and Mitigate Safety Risks
GAO-13-36: Published: Oct 4, 2012. Publicly Released: Oct 4, 2012.
The number of nonfatal and fatal general aviation accidents decreased from 1999 through 2011; more than 200 fatal accidents occurred in each of those years. Airplanesparticularly single-engine piston airplanesflying personal operations were most often involved in accidents. Most general aviation accidents are attributed to pilot error and involved a loss of aircraft control. Some segments of t...
Aviation Safety: Additional FAA Efforts Could Enhance Safety Risk Management
GAO-12-898: Published: Sep 12, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2012.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and its business lines and offices are in different stages of their implementation of Safety Management Systems (SMS). FAA finalized its agency-wide implementation plan in April 2012, and the Air Traffic Organization (ATO) has completed its SMS implementation, but other FAA SMS efforts are in the early stages. FAA business lines, such as the Aviation Safet...
Aviation Safety: Status of FAA's Actions to Oversee the Safety of Composite Airplanes
GAO-11-849: Published: Sep 21, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2011.
Composite materials, made by combining materials such as carbon fibers with epoxy, have been used in airplane components for decades. Although composites are lighter and stronger than most metals, their increasing use in commercial airplane structures such as the fuselage and wings has raised safety concerns. Boeing's 787 is the first mostly composite large commercial transport airplane to undergo...
Commercial Space Transportation: Industry Trends and Key Issues Affecting Federal Oversight and International Competitiveness
GAO-11-629T: Published: May 5, 2011. Publicly Released: May 5, 2011.
Since GAO reported on the commercial space launch industry in 2006 and 2009, the industry has evolved and moved further toward space tourism. Commercial space tourism promises to make human space travel available to the public for the first time. In addition, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) plans to use private companies to transport cargo, and eventually personnel, to the...
Aviation Safety: Icing and Winter Weather-Related Recommendations That NTSB Has Issued Since 1996 (GAO-10-679SP), an E-supplement to (GAO-10-678)
GAO-10-679SP: Published: Jul 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2010.
This document is an E-supplement to GAO-10-678. Ice formation on aircraft can disrupt the smooth flow of air over the wings and prevent the aircraft from taking off or decrease the pilot's ability to maintain control of the aircraft. Taxi and landing operations can also be risky in winter weather. Despite a variety of technologies designed to prevent ice from forming on planes and to remove ice th...