Aviation (71 - 80 of 557 items)
Transportation Security Administration: Progress and Challenges Faced in Strengthening Three Key Security Programs
GAO-12-541T: Published: Mar 26, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 26, 2012.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) relies on layers of security encompassing personnel, processes, and technology to deter, detect, and disrupt persons posing a potential risk to aviation security. The Screening of Passengers by Observation Techniques (SPOT) program consists of about 3,000 behavior detection officers (BDO) who examine passengers to identify those who might pose a sec...
Aviation Safety: FAA Has An Opportunity to Enhance Safety and Improve Oversight of Initial Pilot Training
GAO-12-537T: Published: Mar 20, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 20, 2012.
FAAs pilot training requirements for certification of commercial pilots are not aligned with airline operations or emphasize skills that airlines consider important for greater aviation safety.Requirements do not emphasize training in decision-making, although this skill is essential to the airline pilot profession. According to FAA and other stakeholders, the regulations regarding ground sc...
Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Factors Affecting Revenue Forecast Accuracy and Realizing Future FAA Expenditures
GAO-12-222: Published: Jan 23, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2012.
Actual trust-fund revenues fell short of FAAs revenue forecasts for 9 of the past 11 years, contributing to a decline in the trust funds uncommitted balance from over $7 billion in fiscal year 2000 to $770 million in fiscal year 2010. Inaccurate forecasts for the taxes related to domestic passenger tickets, which account for over 70 percent of trust-fund revenues, drove the aggregate o...
Air Traffic Control Modernization: Management Challenges Associated with Program Costs and Schedules Could Hinder NextGen Implementation
GAO-12-223: Published: Feb 16, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 2012.
In a review of 30 major ATC acquisition programs, all of which will contribute to the transition to NextGen, GAO found that costs for 11 of the 30 programs have increased from their initial estimates by a total of $4.2 billion and 15 programs experienced delays. The 11 acquisitions that experienced cost increases account for over 60 percent of FAAs total acquisition costs ($11 billion of $17.7 b...
Transportation Security: Actions Needed to Address Limitations in TSA's Transportation Worker Security Threat Assessments and Growing Workload
GAO-12-60: Published: Dec 8, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 8, 2011.
Nonfederal government entities have varying roles and responsibilities under three TSA transportation worker credentialing programs we reviewed--the Transportation Worker Identification Credential program (TWIC) for maritime workers; the Hazardous Materials Endorsement program (HME) for truckers seeking a commercial drivers license endorsement to carry hazardous materials; and the Aviation Workers...
Next Generation Air Transportation: Collaborative Efforts with European Union Generally Mirror Effective Practices, but Near-Term Challenges Could Delay Implementation
GAO-12-48: Published: Nov 3, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 28, 2011.
FAA and the EU are working collaboratively toward ensuring interoperability as they modernize their air traffic control systems (NextGen and SESAR) and are generally using effective collaborative practices, but mitigating stakeholder skepticism about realizing NextGen/SESAR benefits will be a challenge.FAA-EU collaborative efforts predate NextGen and SESAR and helped establish some of these system...
Initial Pilot Training: Better Management Controls Are Needed to Improve FAA Oversight
GAO-12-117: Published: Nov 4, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2011.
Regional airlines have experienced the last six fatal commercial airline accidents, and pilot performance has been cited as a potential contributory factor in four of these accidents. As a result, Congress and others have raised questions about, among other issues, the initial pilot education and training required before pilots can be hired by airlines, at which time they receive further training...
Next Generation Air Transportation System: Linking Test Facilities Can Help Leverage Resources and Improve Technology Transfer Efforts
GAO-12-187T: Published: Nov 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 7, 2011.
This testimony discusses the use of test facilities as a means of leveraging public, private, and academic resources to deliver technologies for the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). NextGen will affect nearly every aspect of air transportation and will transform the way in which the air transportation system operates today. It is a complex undertaking that requires new technolo...
Aviation Security: TSA Has Taken Steps to Enhance Its Foreign Airport Assessments, but Opportunities Exist to Strengthen the Program
GAO-12-163: Published: Oct 21, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2011.
International flights bound for the United States continue to be targets of terrorist activity, as demonstrated by the October 2010 discovery of explosive devices in air cargo packages bound for the United States from Yemen. The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is responsible for securing the nation's civil aviation system, which includes ensuring the security of U.S.-bound flights. As...
Aviation Safety: Status of FAA's Actions to Oversee the Safety of Composite Airplanes
GAO-11-849: Published: Sep 21, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2011.
Composite materials, made by combining materials such as carbon fibers with epoxy, have been used in airplane components for decades. Although composites are lighter and stronger than most metals, their increasing use in commercial airplane structures such as the fuselage and wings has raised safety concerns. Boeing's 787 is the first mostly composite large commercial transport airplane to undergo...