Aviation (41 - 50 of 557 items)
Aviation Safety: FAA Should Improve Usability of its Online Application System and Clarity of the Pilot's Medical Form
GAO-14-330: Published: Apr 8, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 8, 2014.
Aerospace medical experts GAO interviewed generally agreed that the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) medical standards are appropriate and supported FAA's recent data-driven efforts to improve its pilot medical-certification process. Each year, about 400,000 candidates apply for a pilot's medical certificate and complete a medical exam to determine whether they meet FAA's medical standards...
Aviation Workforce: Current and Future Availability of Aviation Engineering and Maintenance Professionals
GAO-14-237: Published: Feb 28, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2014.
GAO analysis found mixed evidence about a current or possible future shortage of aviation professionals. Aerospace engineers have experienced a low unemployment rate—the most direct measure of a labor shortage—and increases in employment suggesting a shortage may exist; however, earnings for the occupation have stayed about the same. Data provide less support for a shortage of aircraft mechani...
FAA Reauthorization Act: Progress and Challenges Implementing Various Provisions of the 2012 Act
GAO-14-285T: Published: Feb 5, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 5, 2014.
The FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (the 2012 Act) contained several provisions related to implementing the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen)—a complex, long-term initiative to incrementally modernize and transform the national airspace system (NAS). GAO's recent work on NextGen has highlighted three key implementation issues:Improving NextGen Leadership: Complex tran...
Commercial Space Launches: FAA's Risk Assessment Process Is Not Yet Updated
GAO-14-328T: Published: Feb 4, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 4, 2014.
According to studies, the United States in 2012 provided less commercial space launch indemnification for third party losses than China, France, and Russia. These countries put no limit on the amount of government indemnification coverage which in the U.S. is limited by the Commercial Space Launch Act (CSLA). Governments' commitments to pay have never been tested because there has not been a third...
Aviation Security: TSA Should Limit Future Funding for Behavior Detection Activities
GAO-14-158T: Published: Nov 14, 2013. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 2013.
In November 2013, GAO reported that (1) peer-reviewed, published research we reviewed did not support whether nonverbal behavioral indicators can be used to reliably identify deception, (2) methodological issues limited the usefulness of DHS's April 2011 SPOT validation study, and (3) variation in referral rates raised questions about the use of indicators. GAO reported that its review of meta-ana...
Aviation Safety: Status of Recommendations to Improve FAA's Certification and Approval Processes
GAO-14-142T: Published: Oct 30, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2013.
In 2010, GAO reported that industry stakeholders and experts believed that the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) certification and approval processes contribute positively to the safety of the national airspace system. However, stakeholders and experts also noted that negative certification and approval experiences--such as duplication of approvals--although infrequent, can result in delays...
National Airspace System: Improved Budgeting Could Help FAA Better Determine Future Operations and Maintenance Priorities
GAO-13-693: Published: Aug 22, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2013.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has made some progress in addressing key challenges as it begins the gradual transition to the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). It has filled key leadership positions and developed tools to manage interdependent NextGen programs. FAA is working to address other identified challenges, including incentivizing aircraft operators to equip w...
Intermodal Transportation: A Variety of Factors Influence Airport-Intercity Passenger Rail Connectivity
GAO-13-691: Published: Aug 2, 2013. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 2013.
Most major U.S. airports have some degree of physical proximity to intercity passenger rail stations, though only 2 airports are currently collocated with intercity rail stations. Specifically, 42 of the nation's 60 large and medium hub airports are located within 10 miles of Amtrak stations; 21 of the 42 airports are within 5 miles of Amtrak stations. At the 2 collocated airports, passengers can...
Transportation Security: Action Needed to Strengthen TSA's Security Threat Assessment Process
GAO-13-629: Published: Jul 19, 2013. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 2013.
The Transportation Security Administration's (TSA) Adjudication Center performance data show mixed results, and the center's performance measurement practices have limitations. The Adjudication Center relies on contractors to adjudicate security threat assessments and uses three primary measures to evaluate their performance--timeliness for completing adjudication, adjudication accuracy, and casel...
Transportation Security: TSA Could Strengthen Oversight of Allegations of Employee Misconduct
GAO-13-756T: Published: Jul 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2013.
In July 2013, GAO reported that TSA investigated and adjudicated approximately 9,600 cases of employee misconduct from fiscal years 2010 through 2012, according to TSA employee misconduct data that we analyzed. Two offense categories accounted for about half of all cases--(1) attendance and leave, which accounted for 32 percent; and (2) screening and security, which accounted for 20 percent. Charg...