Aviation (71 - 80 of 559 items)
Aviation Safety: FAA Is Taking Steps to Improve Data, but Challenges for Managing Safety Risks Remain
GAO-12-660T: Published: Apr 25, 2012. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 2012.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) uses data reactively and proactively to prevent accidents and manage safety risks. For instance, since 1998, FAA has partnered with the airline industry to identify precursors and contributing factors, and ensure that efforts to improve safety focus on the most prevalent categories of accidents and formulate an intervention strategy designed to reduce recu...
Transportation: Key Issues and Management Challenges
GAO-12-581T: Published: Mar 29, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 29, 2012.
Funding the Nations Transportation System:Funding Highways and Transit: The major source of federal surface transportation funding is the Highway Trust Fund, but the revenues that make up that fund are eroding. The federal motor fuel tax rate has not increased since 1993, meaning that the 18.4 cent per gallon tax on motor fuels enacted in 1993 is worth about 11.5 cents today. This trend will...
Transportation Security Administration: Progress and Challenges Faced in Strengthening Three Key Security Programs
GAO-12-541T: Published: Mar 26, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 26, 2012.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) relies on layers of security encompassing personnel, processes, and technology to deter, detect, and disrupt persons posing a potential risk to aviation security. The Screening of Passengers by Observation Techniques (SPOT) program consists of about 3,000 behavior detection officers (BDO) who examine passengers to identify those who might pose a sec...
Aviation Safety: FAA Has An Opportunity to Enhance Safety and Improve Oversight of Initial Pilot Training
GAO-12-537T: Published: Mar 20, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 20, 2012.
FAAs pilot training requirements for certification of commercial pilots are not aligned with airline operations or emphasize skills that airlines consider important for greater aviation safety.Requirements do not emphasize training in decision-making, although this skill is essential to the airline pilot profession. According to FAA and other stakeholders, the regulations regarding ground sc...
Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Factors Affecting Revenue Forecast Accuracy and Realizing Future FAA Expenditures
GAO-12-222: Published: Jan 23, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2012.
Actual trust-fund revenues fell short of FAAs revenue forecasts for 9 of the past 11 years, contributing to a decline in the trust funds uncommitted balance from over $7 billion in fiscal year 2000 to $770 million in fiscal year 2010. Inaccurate forecasts for the taxes related to domestic passenger tickets, which account for over 70 percent of trust-fund revenues, drove the aggregate o...
Air Traffic Control Modernization: Management Challenges Associated with Program Costs and Schedules Could Hinder NextGen Implementation
GAO-12-223: Published: Feb 16, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 2012.
In a review of 30 major ATC acquisition programs, all of which will contribute to the transition to NextGen, GAO found that costs for 11 of the 30 programs have increased from their initial estimates by a total of $4.2 billion and 15 programs experienced delays. The 11 acquisitions that experienced cost increases account for over 60 percent of FAAs total acquisition costs ($11 billion of $17.7 b...
Transportation Security: Actions Needed to Address Limitations in TSA's Transportation Worker Security Threat Assessments and Growing Workload
GAO-12-60: Published: Dec 8, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 8, 2011.
Nonfederal government entities have varying roles and responsibilities under three TSA transportation worker credentialing programs we reviewed--the Transportation Worker Identification Credential program (TWIC) for maritime workers; the Hazardous Materials Endorsement program (HME) for truckers seeking a commercial drivers license endorsement to carry hazardous materials; and the Aviation Workers...
Next Generation Air Transportation: Collaborative Efforts with European Union Generally Mirror Effective Practices, but Near-Term Challenges Could Delay Implementation
GAO-12-48: Published: Nov 3, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 28, 2011.
FAA and the EU are working collaboratively toward ensuring interoperability as they modernize their air traffic control systems (NextGen and SESAR) and are generally using effective collaborative practices, but mitigating stakeholder skepticism about realizing NextGen/SESAR benefits will be a challenge.FAA-EU collaborative efforts predate NextGen and SESAR and helped establish some of these system...
Initial Pilot Training: Better Management Controls Are Needed to Improve FAA Oversight
GAO-12-117: Published: Nov 4, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2011.
Regional airlines have experienced the last six fatal commercial airline accidents, and pilot performance has been cited as a potential contributory factor in four of these accidents. As a result, Congress and others have raised questions about, among other issues, the initial pilot education and training required before pilots can be hired by airlines, at which time they receive further training...
Next Generation Air Transportation System: Linking Test Facilities Can Help Leverage Resources and Improve Technology Transfer Efforts
GAO-12-187T: Published: Nov 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 7, 2011.
This testimony discusses the use of test facilities as a means of leveraging public, private, and academic resources to deliver technologies for the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). NextGen will affect nearly every aspect of air transportation and will transform the way in which the air transportation system operates today. It is a complex undertaking that requires new technolo...