Competition (51 - 60 of 70 items)
Airline Competition: Pending Legislation Helps to Address Serious Competitive Problems
T-RCED-91-54: Published: May 15, 1991. Publicly Released: May 15, 1991.
GAO discussed proposed legislation relating to airline competition. GAO noted that: (1) airlines needed comparable access to airport facilities to compete with other carriers; (2) slot restrictions and limited availability of gates limited carriers' access to airports; (3) restrictive marketing practices relating to computerized reservation systems (CRS) and frequent-flyer plans made it difficult...
Airline Competition: Effects of Airline Market Concentration and Barriers to Entry on Airfares
RCED-91-101: Published: Apr 26, 1991. Publicly Released: May 14, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed how barriers to entry, airline market shares, operating costs, and airport congestion affected airline fares.GAO found that: (1) takeoff and landing restrictions caused fares to be an average of 4 percent higher; (2) majority-in-interest clauses caused fares to be an average of 3 percent higher; (3) code-sharing agreements caused fares to be an ave...
Airline Competition: Weak Financial Structure Threatens Competition
RCED-91-110: Published: Apr 15, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the financial condition of the airline industry, focusing on the: (1) causes of financial distress; and (2) options for reversing the trends and promoting competition.GAO found that: (1) high debt levels and the high costs of overcoming operating and marketing practices have weakened the financial condition of several carriers and limited competit...
Airline Competition: Fares and Concentration at Small-City Airports
RCED-91-51: Published: Jan 18, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined fares and competition at 39 airports serving small cities to determine whether: (1) fares from small-city airports were higher than fares from major airports; (2) market concentration at small-city airports was associated with higher fares; and (3) market concentration at major destination airports affected fares on routes from small-city airports...
U.S. Airlines: Weak Financial Structure Threatens Competition
T-RCED-91-6: Published: Feb 6, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 6, 1991.
GAO discussed the financial condition of the airline industry and its effects on competition. GAO noted that: (1) high debt levels increased substantially for some carriers between 1980 and 1990; (2) some carriers' operating and marketing practices prevented other carriers from competing effectively; (3) such short-term problems as the recession and high fuel prices worsened some carriers' financi...
Airline Deregulation: Trends in Airfares at Airports in Small and Medium-Sized Communities
RCED-91-13: Published: Nov 8, 1990. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined airfare changes since deregulation for airports serving small- and medium-sized communities and compared them to fare changes at airports serving larger communities.GAO found that: (1) between 1979 and 1988, average fares per passenger mile, adjusted for inflation, fell by over 9 percent at airports serving small- and medium-sized communities and b...
Airline Competition: Passenger Facility Charges Represent a New Funding Source for Airports
RCED-91-39: Published: Dec 13, 1990. Publicly Released: Dec 13, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on ways to ensure that regulations covering passenger facility charges (PFC) would further congressional goals of enhancing airport capacity, safety, and security and reducing noise.GAO found that: (1) PFC would help airports fund projects to expand capacity, reduce noise, and enhance safety, security, and competitive access; (2) the ab...
Airline Competition: Industry Operating and Marketing Practices Limit Market Entry
RCED-90-147: Published: Aug 29, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 11, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) how various airline industry operating and marketing practices limited entry into the deregulated airline industry; and (2) how airline industry operations have affected competition.GAO found that: (1) several physical entry barriers have tightened access to airports since deregulation; (2) between December 1985 and December 1988, eight major...
Airline Competition: Impact of FAA Legislation on Passenger Facilities Charges and Trust Fund Spending
T-RCED-90-104: Published: Aug 13, 1990. Publicly Released: Aug 13, 1990.
GAO discussed airline competition and the implications of the proposed Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) reauthorization legislation. GAO noted that: (1) California airports reported that they leased 75 percent of their gates to major airlines; (2) 16 percent of the large and medium-sized airports in California had use-or-lose provisions in their gate agreements; (3) officials at four airports...
Airline Competition: Higher Fares and Reduced Competition at Concentrated Airports
RCED-90-102: Published: Jul 11, 1990. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the effects of increased concentration on air fares and service at major airports around the country, focusing on: (1) the fares and service levels of 15 airports where one or two airlines handled most emplaning passengers; and (2) a comparison of fare levels at the concentrated airports with fares at 38 relatively unconcentrated airports.GAO found...