Air transportation (41 - 50 of 159 items)
Aviation Safety: Oversight of Foreign Code-Share Safety Program Should Be Strengthened
GAO-05-930: Published: Aug 5, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2005.
U.S. airlines are increasingly relying on code-share partnerships with foreign carriers to provide additional sources of revenue. Code-sharing is a marketing arrangement in which an airline places its designator code on a flight operated by another airline and sells and issues tickets for that flight. To determine whether the foreign code-share partners of U.S. airlines meet an acceptable level of...
National Airspace System: Initiatives to Reduce Flight Delays and Enhance Capacity are Ongoing but Challenges Remain
GAO-05-755T: Published: May 26, 2005. Publicly Released: May 26, 2005.
Since the unprecedented flight delays in 2000, a year in which one in four flights were delayed, our aviation system has been adversely affected by many unanticipated events--such as the September 11th terrorist attacks, and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)--that significantly reduced the demand for air travel. However, demand for air travel is rebounding. For example, the number of passen...
Transatlantic Aviation: Effects of Easing Restrictions on U.S.-European Markets
GAO-04-835: Published: Jul 21, 2004. Publicly Released: Aug 20, 2004.
Transatlantic airline operations between the United States and European Union (EU) nations are currently governed by bilateral agreements that are specific to the United States and each EU country. Since 1992, the United States has signed so-called "Open Skies" agreements with 15 of the 25 EU countries. A "nationality clause" in each agreement allows only those airlines designated by the signatory...
Commercial Aviation: Legacy Airlines Must Further Reduce Costs to Restore Profitability
GAO-04-836: Published: Aug 11, 2004. Publicly Released: Aug 11, 2004.
Since 2001, the U.S. airline industry has confronted financial losses of previously unseen proportions. From 2001 to 2003, the industry lost $23 billion, and two of the nation's biggest airlines have gone into bankruptcy. To assist airlines, the Congress provided U.S. airlines with $7 billion of direct financial assistance--most recently in the form of $2.4 billion of financial assistance under th...
Airline Ticketing: Impact of Changes in the Airline Ticket Distribution Industry
GAO-03-749: Published: Jul 31, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2003.
In 2002, when major U.S. airlines posted net operating losses of almost $10 billion, they paid over $7 billion to distribute tickets to consumers. Of these total distribution expenses, airlines paid hundreds of millions of dollars in booking fees to global distribution systems--the companies who package airline flight schedule and fare information so that travel agents can query it to "book" (i.e...
Reducing Congestion: Congestion Pricing Has Promise for Improving Use of Transportation Infrastructure
GAO-03-735T: Published: May 6, 2003. Publicly Released: May 6, 2003.
The nation's transportation systems have become increasingly congested, and pressure on them is expected to grow substantially in the future. Most transportation experts think a multifaceted approach is needed to address congestion and improve mobility. One potential tool is congestion pricing, that is, charging users a toll, fee, or surcharge for using transportation infrastructure during certain...
Federal Aviation Administration: Reauthorization Provides Opportunities to Address Key Agency Challenges
GAO-03-653T: Published: Apr 10, 2003. Publicly Released: Apr 10, 2003.
Much has changed since the Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century (AIR-21) reauthorized the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) programs 3 years ago. At that time, air traffic was increasing, and concerns about congestion and flight delays were paramount. Since then, the downturn in the nation's economy, the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and, most re...
Commercial Aviation: Issues Regarding Federal Assistance for Enhancing Air Service to Small Communities
GAO-03-540T: Published: Mar 11, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 2003.
Small communities have long faced challenges in obtaining or retaining the commercial air service they desire. These challenges are increasing as many U.S. airlines try to stem unprecedented financial losses through numerous cost-cutting measures, including reducing or eliminating service in some markets, often small communities. Congress will be considering whether to reauthorize its federal assi...
Commercial Aviation: Factors Affecting Efforts to Improve Air Service at Small Community Airports
GAO-03-330: Published: Jan 17, 2003. Publicly Released: Jan 17, 2003.
The airline industry, facing unprecedented financial losses as a result of the economic downturn and the terrorist attacks, has taken steps to minimize losses, including reducing or eliminating service to some small communities. In March 2002, GAO reported that small communities had almost 20 percent fewer departures in October 2001, as compared to October 2000. GAO was asked to follow up on that...
Options to Enhance the Long-term Viability of the Essential Air Service Program
GAO-02-997R: Published: Aug 30, 2002. Publicly Released: Aug 30, 2002.
Over two decades ago, Congress deregulated the airline industry, phasing out the federal government's control over domestic fares and routes served and allowing market forces to determine the price, quantity, and quality of service. Concerned that air service to some small communities would suffer in a deregulated environment, Congress established the Essential Air Service (EAS) program as part of...