Commercial aviation (1 - 10 of 89 items)
Aviation Safety: FAA's Risk-Based Oversight for Repair Stations Could Benefit from Additional Airline Data and Performance Metrics [Reissued on September 2, 2016]
GAO-16-679: Published: Jul 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2016.
The extent to which U.S. airlines contract out aircraft maintenance to domestic and foreign repair stations (as opposed to performing maintenance in-house) has remained relatively steady from 2010 through 2014. GAO's analysis of Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) data for that period (the most recent available) showed that 28 selected U.S. airlines' annual contracted maintenance spending ra...
Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Less Than Half of Noncommercial Jet Fuel Tax Receipts Are Transferred
GAO-16-746R: Published: Aug 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 8, 2016.
The total number of potentially registerable vendors of jet fuel used in noncommercial aviation is unclear, but is likely greater than the number that have registered with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) based on industry information. While registered vendors—called “ultimate vendors”—are eligible to receive credits or refunds for sales of such jet fuel, some ultimate vendors are not cl...
General Aviation: Observations Related to Liability Insurance Requirements and Coverage for Aircraft Owners
GAO-15-740: Published: Sep 9, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2015.
Based on GAO's 50-state survey of state aviation officials and analysis of state statutes and regulations identified by such officials, the vast majority of states do not have liability insurance requirements for general aviation (GA) aircraft owners and operators (i.e., pilots). As of April 2015, 11 states have some variation of a liability insurance requirement or aircraft financial-responsibili...
Unmanned Aerial Systems: FAA Continues Progress toward Integration into the National Airspace
GAO-15-610: Published: Jul 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 2015.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has progressed toward its goal of seamlessly integrating unmanned aerial system (UAS) flights into the national airspace. FAA has issued its UAS Comprehensive Plan and UAS Integration Roadmap , which provide broad plans for integration. However, according to FAA, it is working with MITRE to develop a foundation for an implementation plan; FAA then expects...
Unmanned Aerial Systems: Efforts Made toward Integration into the National Airspace Continue, but Many Actions Still Required
GAO-15-254T: Published: Dec 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 10, 2014.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has made progress toward implementing the requirements defined in the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (the 2012 Act). As of December 2014, FAA had completed 9 of the 17 requirements in the 2012 Act. However, key requirements, such as the final rule for small unmanned aerial systems (UAS) operations, remain incomplete. FAA officials have indicated...
Aviation Workforce: Current and Future Availability of Airline Pilots
GAO-14-232: Published: Feb 28, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2014.
GAO found mixed evidence regarding the extent of a shortage of airline pilots, although regional airlines have reported difficulties finding sufficient numbers of qualified pilots over the past year. Specifically, looking at broad economic indicators, airline pilots have experienced a low unemployment rate—the most direct measure of a labor shortage; however, both employment and earnings have de...
FAA Oversight of Procedures and Technologies to Prevent and Mitigate the Effects of Dense, Continuous Smoke in the Cockpit
GAO-13-551R: Published: Jun 4, 2013. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 2013.
FAA uses a variety of approaches, including certifying airplane design and inspecting air carriers, to oversee procedures and technologies that prevent or mitigate the effects of dense, continuous smoke in the cockpit. In the course of our review, we identified five such procedures and technologies that FAA oversees. They are:(1) Evacuation of dense smoke from the cockpitFAAs certifica...
Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Measuring Progress and Addressing Potential Privacy Concerns Would Facilitate Integration into the National Airspace System [Reissued on September 18, 2012]
GAO-12-981: Published: Sep 14, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2012.
Progress has been made, but additional work is needed to overcome many of the obstacles to the safe integration of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) that GAO identified in 2008. GAO reported in 2008 that UAS could not meet the aviation safety requirements developed for manned aircraft and that this posed several obstacles to safe and routine operation in the national airspace system. These obstacles...
Aviation Safety: Additional FAA Efforts Could Enhance Safety Risk Management
GAO-12-898: Published: Sep 12, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2012.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and its business lines and offices are in different stages of their implementation of Safety Management Systems (SMS). FAA finalized its agency-wide implementation plan in April 2012, and the Air Traffic Organization (ATO) has completed its SMS implementation, but other FAA SMS efforts are in the early stages. FAA business lines, such as the Aviation Safet...
Initial Pilot Training: Better Management Controls Are Needed to Improve FAA Oversight
GAO-12-117: Published: Nov 4, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2011.
Regional airlines have experienced the last six fatal commercial airline accidents, and pilot performance has been cited as a potential contributory factor in four of these accidents. As a result, Congress and others have raised questions about, among other issues, the initial pilot education and training required before pilots can be hired by airlines, at which time they receive further training...